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How to include Equity Investment in your Portfolio
Updated on 19th May, 23 41 Views

As the company grows and becomes more profitable, the value of the shares increases. In this blog, we will discuss equity investment in detail, including what it is, how beginners can invest in equity, types of equity, equity investment in the business, types of equity investments, and much more.

Table of Content

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What is Equity?

Equity refers to the ownership of a part of a company. When you buy a share of a company’s holdings, you are purchasing a small ownership stake in that company. This means that you have a claim on the company’s assets and earnings. The value of your shares increases as the company becomes more profitable, and you can even sell your shares for a profit.

What is Equity Investment in Business?

Equity investment in business refers to the funds that a company receives from selling shares of its stock to investors.

The formula for equity investment is:

Equity investment = Number of shares issued × Price per share

For example, if a company issues 1 million shares of stock at a price of $10 per share, the equity investment would be:

Equity investment = 1,000,000 × $10 = $10,000,000

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Types of Equity

Types of Equity

The two main types of equity are – common stock and preferred stock.

1. Common Stock

Common stock is the most common type of equity. You purchase a small ownership stake in a company. You have the right to vote on important company decisions, such as electing the board of directors.

You also have the right to receive dividends if the company decides to pay them.

2. Preferred Stock

Preferred stock is a type of equity that has a fixed dividend payment. Unlike common stock, preferred stockholders do not have voting rights.

However, they have a higher claim on the company’s assets and earnings than common stockholders.

What is Dividend?

In equity investment, the dividend is a payment that a company makes to its shareholders, which is typically a portion of the company’s profits. This payment is made on a per-share basis, which means that the more shares you own, the more money you will receive as a dividend.

They can be a great way to earn income from your investments, but it’s important to consider your investment goals and the company’s financial situation before investing in a high-paying stock.

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Types of Equity Investments

Types of Equity Investments

There are several types of equity investments, including:

  • Growth Stocks
    • These are stocks of companies that are expected to grow faster than the overall market.
    • They typically reinvest their earnings in the business rather than paying dividends.
  • Value Stocks
    • These stocks of companies are undervalued by the market.
    • They typically have a low price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio and pay dividends.
  • Dividend Growth Stocks
    • These are stocks of companies that have a history of increasing their dividends over time.
    • They typically have a solid financial position and a stable business model.
  • Blue-Chip Stocks
    • These are stocks of well-established, financially sound companies with a long history of stable earnings and dividends.
    • They are typically considered a safe investment option.

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How should Beginners Invest in Equity?

If you are new to investing, the best way to invest in equity is through mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). These are professionally managed funds that invest in a basket of stocks. When you invest in a mutual fund or ETF, you are buying a small part of a diversified portfolio of stocks. This helps reduce the risk of investing in individual stocks as they can be volatile and risky.

Another way for beginners to invest in equity is to open a brokerage account and buy individual stocks. This requires more knowledge and research than equity mutual funds investment. You will need to research the company and its financials, as well as the industry and market conditions. After your research, choose the companies that have a strong track record of growth and profitability. You should take up an Investment Banking Course to learn all the important steps and precautions you need to take before investing somewhere.

Equity Investment Example

Let’s say you invest $10,000 in a growth stock that has a potential return of 10% per year.

After one year, your investment would be worth $11,000.

If you reinvest the $1,000 gain, your investment will grow to $12,100 in year two, assuming the same 10% return.

This compounding effect can lead to significant returns over time.

However, it is important to note that investing in individual stocks carries a higher risk than investing in mutual funds or ETFs.
If the company does not perform as expected, you could lose a significant portion of your investment.

Equity Investment Calculator

Equity Investment Calculator

Equity Investment Calculators can prove to be useful tools for planning your investment strategy and determining how much you need to save to achieve your financial goals.

There are several equity investment calculators available online that can help you estimate your potential returns based on your investment amount, expected return, and time horizon.


To sum up, equity investment can be a profitable way to invest your money but it requires careful research and consideration. As a beginner, it is recommended to start with mutual funds or ETFs before investing in individual stocks. It is important to diversify your portfolio and invest in a mix of growth, value, income, and blue-chip stocks to reduce risk. Using equity investment calculators can be a useful tool for planning your investment strategy and determining your potential returns.

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