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I have previously registered a UDF with hive. It is permanent not TEMPORARY. It works in beeline.

CREATE FUNCTION normaliseURL AS 'com.example.hive.udfs.NormaliseURL' USING JAR 'hdfs://udfs/hive-udfs.jar';


I have spark configured to use the hive metastore. The config is working as I can query hive tables. I can see the UDF;

In [9]: spark.sql('describe function normaliseURL').show(truncate=False)
+-------------------------------------------+
|function_desc                              |
+-------------------------------------------+
|Function: default.normaliseURL             |
|Class: com.example.hive.udfs.NormaliseURL  |
|Usage: N/A.                                |
+-------------------------------------------+


However I cannot use the UDF in a sql statement;

spark.sql('SELECT normaliseURL("value")')
AnalysisException: "Undefined function: 'default.normaliseURL'. This function is neither a registered temporary function nor a permanent function registered in the database 'default'.; line 1 pos 7"


If I attempt to register the UDF with spark (bypassing the metastore) it fails to register it, suggesting that it does already exist.

In [12]: spark.sql("create function normaliseURL as 'com.example.hive.udfs.NormaliseURL'")
AnalysisException: "Function 'default.normaliseURL' already exists in database 'default';"


I'm using Spark 2.0, hive metastore 1.1.0. The UDF is scala, my spark driver code is python.

1 Answer

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by (31.4k points)

The main issue here is that Spark 2.0 is not able to execute the functions whose JARs are located on HDFS.

Spark SQL: Thriftserver unable to run a registered Hive UDTF

I would suggest you to try this workaround where you have to define the function as a temporary function in Spark job with jar path pointing to a local edge-node path. Then call the function in same Spark job.

CREATE TEMPORARY FUNCTION functionName as 'com.test.HiveUDF' USING JAR '/user/home/dir1/functions.jar'

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