Don't clone, fetch instead. In the repo:
git remote add origin $url_of_clone_source
git fetch origin
git checkout -b master --track origin/master # origin/master is clone's default branch
Then you can reset the tree to get back to the commit you mention in the git reset command:
git reset origin/master # or to whatever commit you want to go reset to
and you are like you cloned.
The interesting question here (and the one without the answer): How to find out which commit your naked tree was based on, hence to which position to reset to.