# Vectorizing a gradient descent algorithm

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I am coding gradient descent in matlab. For two features, I get for the update step:

```temp0 = theta(1,1) - (alpha/m)*sum((X*theta-y).*X(:,1));
temp1 = theta(2,1) - (alpha/m)*sum((X*theta-y).*X(:,2));
theta(1,1) = temp0;
theta(2,1) = temp1;```

However, I want to vectorize this code and to be able to apply it to any number of features. For the vectorization part, it was pointed out to me that what I am trying to do is a matrix multiplication

`theta = theta - (alpha/m) * (X' * (X*theta-y));`

This is well seen, but when I tried, I realized that it doesn't work for gradient descent because the parameters are not updated simultaneously.

Then, how can I vectorize this code and make sure the parameters and updated at the same time?

## 1 Answer

+2 votes
by (8k points)

Your vectorization is correct. I also tried both of your code, and it got me the same theta. Just remember don't use your updated theta in your second implementation.

This also works but less simplified than your 2nd implementation:

Error = X * theta - y;

for i = 1:2

S(i) = sum(Error.*X(:,i));

end

theta = theta - alpha * (1/m) * S'

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