I'm new on Keras and have some questions on how to understanding my model results. Here is my result:(for your convenience, I only paste the loss acc val_loss val_acc after each epoch here)

Train on 4160 samples, validate on 1040 samples as below:

Epoch 1/20
4160/4160 - loss: 3.3455 - acc: 0.1560 - val_loss: 1.6047 - val_acc: 0.4721
Epoch 2/20
4160/4160 - loss: 1.7639 - acc: 0.4274 - val_loss: 0.7060 - val_acc: 0.8019
Epoch 3/20
4160/4160 - loss: 1.0887 - acc: 0.5978 - val_loss: 0.3707 - val_acc: 0.9087
Epoch 4/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.7736 - acc: 0.7067 - val_loss: 0.2619 - val_acc: 0.9442
Epoch 5/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.5784 - acc: 0.7690 - val_loss: 0.2058 - val_acc: 0.9433
Epoch 6/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.5000 - acc: 0.8065 - val_loss: 0.1557 - val_acc: 0.9750
Epoch 7/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.4179 - acc: 0.8296 - val_loss: 0.1523 - val_acc: 0.9606
Epoch 8/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.3758 - acc: 0.8495 - val_loss: 0.1063 - val_acc: 0.9712
Epoch 9/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.3202 - acc: 0.8740 - val_loss: 0.1019 - val_acc: 0.9798
Epoch 10/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.3028 - acc: 0.8788 - val_loss: 0.1074 - val_acc: 0.9644
Epoch 11/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2696 - acc: 0.8923 - val_loss: 0.0581 - val_acc: 0.9856
Epoch 12/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2738 - acc: 0.8894 - val_loss: 0.0713 - val_acc: 0.9837
Epoch 13/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2609 - acc: 0.8913 - val_loss: 0.0679 - val_acc: 0.9740
Epoch 14/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2556 - acc: 0.9022 - val_loss: 0.0599 - val_acc: 0.9769
Epoch 15/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2384 - acc: 0.9053 - val_loss: 0.0560 - val_acc: 0.9846
Epoch 16/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2305 - acc: 0.9079 - val_loss: 0.0502 - val_acc: 0.9865
Epoch 17/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2145 - acc: 0.9185 - val_loss: 0.0461 - val_acc: 0.9913
Epoch 18/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2046 - acc: 0.9183 - val_loss: 0.0524 - val_acc: 0.9750
Epoch 19/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.2055 - acc: 0.9120 - val_loss: 0.0440 - val_acc: 0.9885
Epoch 20/20
4160/4160 - loss: 0.1890 - acc: 0.9236 - val_loss: 0.0501 - val_acc: 0.9827

Here are my understandings:

The two losses (both loss and val_loss) are decreasing and the tow acc (acc and val_acc) are increasing. So this indicates the modeling is trained in a good way.

The val_acc is the measure of how good the predictions of your model are. So for my case, it looks like the model was trained pretty well after 6 epochs, and the rest training is not necessary.

My Questions are:

The acc (the acc on training set) is always smaller, actually much smaller, than val_acc. Is this normal? Why this happens?In my mind, acc should usually similar to better than val_acc.

After 20 epochs, the acc is still increasing. So should I use more epochs and stop when acc stops increasing? Or I should stop where val_acc stops increasing, regardless of the trends of acc?

Is there any other thoughts on my results?

Thanks!