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In this application we are developing, we noticed that a view was particularly slow. I profiled the view and noticed that there was one query executed by hibernate which took 10 seconds even if there only were two object in the database to fetch. All OneToMany and ManyToMany relations were lazy so that wasn't the problem. When inspecting the actual SQL being executed, I noticed that there were over 80 joins in the query.

Further inspecting the issue, I noticed that the problem was caused by the deep hierarchy of OneToOne and ManyToOne relations between entity classes. So, I thought, I'll just make them fetched lazy, that should solve the problem. But annotating either @OneToOne(fetch=FetchType.LAZY) or @ManyToOne(fetch=FetchType.LAZY) doesn't seem to work. Either I get an exception or then they are not actually replaced with a proxy object and thus being lazy.

Any ideas how I'll get this to work? Note that I do not use the persistence.xml to define relations or configuration details, everything is done in java code.

1 Answer

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This question is quite old, but with Hibernate 5.1.10, there are some new better comfortable solution.

Lazy loading works except for the parent side of a @OneToOne association. This is because Hibernate has no other way of knowing whether to assign a null or a Proxy to this variable. More details you can find in this article

  • You can activate lazy loading bytecode enhancement
  • Or, you can just remove the parent side and use the client side with @MapsId as explained in the article above. This way, you will find that you don’t really need the parent side since the child shares the same id with the parent so you can easily fetch the child by knowing the parent id .

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