0 votes
1 view
in Devops and Agile by (28.1k points)

With "HTML" Selenium tests (created with Selenium IDE or manually), you can use some very handy commands like WaitForElementPresent or WaitForVisible.

<tr>

    <td>waitForElementPresent</td>

    <td>id=saveButton</td>

    <td></td>

</tr>

When coding Selenium tests in Java (Webdriver / Selenium RC—I'm not sure of the terminology here), is there something similar built-in?

For example, for checking that a dialog (that takes a while to open) is visible...

WebElement dialog = driver.findElement(By.id("reportDialog"));

assertTrue(dialog.isDisplayed());  // often fails as it isn't visible *yet*

What's the cleanest robust way to code such a check?

Adding Thread.sleep() calls all over the place would be ugly and fragile, and rolling your own while loops seems pretty clumsy too...

1 Answer

0 votes
by (48k points)

Implicit Waits

An implicit wait is to tell WebDriver to poll the DOM for a certain amount of time when trying to find an element or elements if they are not immediately available. The default setting is 0. Once set, the implicit wait is set for the life of the WebDriver object instance.

driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

Explicit Waits

An explicit wait is code you define to wait for a certain condition to occur before proceeding further in the code. The worst case of this is Thread.sleep(), which sets the condition to an exact time period to wait. There are convenience methods available to help you write code that will only wait as long as required. WebDriverWait in combination with ExpectedCondition is one way this can be accomplished.

WebDriverWait wait = new WebDriverWait(driver, 10);

WebElement element = wait.until(

ExpectedConditions.visibilityOfElementLocated(By.id("someid")));

Reference: 

https://www.seleniumhq.org/docs/04_webdriver_advanced.jsp#explicit-and-implicit-waits

Welcome to Intellipaat Community. Get your technical queries answered by top developers !


Categories

...