I'm reading over my AI textbook and I'm curious about what the difference is between monotonicity and admissibility of heuristics (I know they aren't mutually exclusive).

As far as I can tell, an admissible heuristic simply means you are ensured to get the shortest path to a solution if one exists.

What I'm struggling with is the concept of the monotonic property. Can someone describe this to me in a way I might understand?

Similarly, how can I determine if a given heuristic is monotonic/admissible? One of the examples given in the book is the 8-Piece Sliding Puzzle. One heuristic I'm considering is the # of out of place tiles, and intuitively I can say that I know that it is admissible but I have no formal way of showing if it is admissible/Monotonic.