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I have Hadoop 2.7.1 and apache-hive-1.2.1 versions installed on ubuntu 14.0.

Why this error is occurring ?

Is any metastore installation required?

When we typing hive command on terminal how the xml's internally called, what is the flow of those xml's?

Any other configuration's required?

When I am writing the hive command on ubuntu 14.0 terminal it is throwing the below exception.

 $ hive

    Logging initialized using configuration in jar:file:/usr/local/hive/apache-hive-1.2.1-bin/lib/hive-common-1.2.1.jar!/hive-log4j.properties

    Exception in thread "main" java.lang.RuntimeException: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.session.SessionState.start(SessionState.java:522)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.run(CliDriver.java:677)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.cli.CliDriver.main(CliDriver.java:621)

        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)

        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)

        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)

        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:520)

        at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.run(RunJar.java:221)

        at org.apache.hadoop.util.RunJar.main(RunJar.java:136)

    Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1523)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.<init>(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:86)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:132)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:104)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.createMetaStoreClient(Hive.java:3005)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.Hive.getMSC(Hive.java:3024)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.session.SessionState.start(SessionState.java:503)

        ... 8 more

    Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException

        at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)

        at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)

        at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)

        at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:426)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1521)

        ... 14 more

    Caused by: javax.jdo.JDOFatalInternalException: Error creating transactional connection factory

    NestedThrowables:

    java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException

        at org.datanucleus.api.jdo.NucleusJDOHelper.getJDOExceptionForNucleusException(NucleusJDOHelper.java:587)

        at org.datanucleus.api.jdo.JDOPersistenceManagerFactory.freezeConfiguration(JDOPersistenceManagerFactory.java:788)

        at org.datanucleus.api.jdo.JDOPersistenceManagerFactory.createPersistenceManagerFactory(JDOPersistenceManagerFactory.java:333)

        at org.datanucleus.api.jdo.JDOPersistenceManagerFactory.getPersistenceManagerFactory(JDOPersistenceManagerFactory.java:202)

        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)

        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)

        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)

        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:520)

        at javax.jdo.JDOHelper$16.run(JDOHelper.java:1965)

        at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)

        at javax.jdo.JDOHelper.invoke(JDOHelper.java:1960)

        at javax.jdo.JDOHelper.invokeGetPersistenceManagerFactoryOnImplementation(JDOHelper.java:1166)

        at javax.jdo.JDOHelper.getPersistenceManagerFactory(JDOHelper.java:808)

        at javax.jdo.JDOHelper.getPersistenceManagerFactory(JDOHelper.java:701)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.ObjectStore.getPMF(ObjectStore.java:365)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.ObjectStore.getPersistenceManager(ObjectStore.java:394)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.ObjectStore.initialize(ObjectStore.java:291)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.ObjectStore.setConf(ObjectStore.java:258)

        at org.apache.hadoop.util.ReflectionUtils.setConf(ReflectionUtils.java:76)

        at org.apache.hadoop.util.ReflectionUtils.newInstance(ReflectionUtils.java:136)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RawStoreProxy.<init>(RawStoreProxy.java:57)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RawStoreProxy.getProxy(RawStoreProxy.java:66)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.newRawStore(HiveMetaStore.java:593)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.getMS(HiveMetaStore.java:571)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.createDefaultDB(HiveMetaStore.java:624)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.init(HiveMetaStore.java:461)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingHMSHandler.<init>(RetryingHMSHandler.java:66)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingHMSHandler.getProxy(RetryingHMSHandler.java:72)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore.newRetryingHMSHandler(HiveMetaStore.java:5762)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStoreClient.<init>(HiveMetaStoreClient.java:199)

        at org.apache.hadoop.hive.ql.metadata.SessionHiveMetaStoreClient.<init>(SessionHiveMetaStoreClient.java:74)

        ... 19 more

    Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException

        at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)

        at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)

        at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)

        at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:426)

        at org.datanucleus.plugin.NonManagedPluginRegistry.createExecutableExtension(NonManagedPluginRegistry.java:631)

        at org.datanucleus.plugin.PluginManager.createExecutableExtension(PluginManager.java:325)

        at org.datanucleus.store.AbstractStoreManager.registerConnectionFactory(AbstractStoreManager.java:282)

        at org.datanucleus.store.AbstractStoreManager.<init>(AbstractStoreManager.java:240)

        at org.datanucleus.store.rdbms.RDBMSStoreManager.<init>(RDBMSStoreManager.java:286)

        at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)

        at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)

        at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)

        at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:426)

        at org.datanucleus.plugin.NonManagedPluginRegistry.createExecutableExtension(NonManagedPluginRegistry.java:631)

        at org.datanucleus.plugin.PluginManager.createExecutableExtension(PluginManager.java:301)

        at org.datanucleus.NucleusContext.createStoreManagerForProperties(NucleusContext.java:1187)

        at org.datanucleus.NucleusContext.initialise(NucleusContext.java:356)

        at org.datanucleus.api.jdo.JDOPersistenceManagerFactory.freezeConfiguration(JDOPersistenceManagerFactory.java:775)

        ... 48 more

    Caused by: org.datanucleus.exceptions.NucleusException: Attempt to invoke the "BONECP" plugin to create a ConnectionPool gave an error : The specified datastore driver ("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver") was not found in the CLASSPATH. Please check your CLASSPATH specification, and the name of the driver.

        at org.datanucleus.store.rdbms.ConnectionFactoryImpl.generateDataSources(ConnectionFactoryImpl.java:259)

        at org.datanucleus.store.rdbms.ConnectionFactoryImpl.initialiseDataSources(ConnectionFactoryImpl.java:131)

        at org.datanucleus.store.rdbms.ConnectionFactoryImpl.<init>(ConnectionFactoryImpl.java:85)

        ... 66 more

    Caused by: org.datanucleus.store.rdbms.connectionpool.DatastoreDriverNotFoundException: The specified datastore driver ("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver") was not found in the CLASSPATH. Please check your CLASSPATH specification, and the name of the driver.

        at org.datanucleus.store.rdbms.connectionpool.AbstractConnectionPoolFactory.loadDriver(AbstractConnectionPoolFactory.java:58)

        at org.datanucleus.store.rdbms.connectionpool.BoneCPConnectionPoolFactory.createConnectionPool(BoneCPConnectionPoolFactory.java:54)

        at org.datanucleus.store.rdbms.ConnectionFactoryImpl.generateDataSources(ConnectionFactoryImpl.java:238)

        ... 68 more

To avoid above error I created hive-site.xml with :

 <configuration>

      <property>

        <name>hive.metastore.warehouse.dir</name>

        <value>/home/local/hive-metastore-dir/warehouse</value>

      </property>

    <property>

      <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL</name>

      <value>jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/hivedb?createDatabaseIfNotExist=true</value>

    </property>

    <property>

      <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionDriverName</name>

      <value>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</value>

    </property>

    <property>

      <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionUserName</name>

      <value>user</value>

    </property>

    <property>

      <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionPassword</name>

      <value>password</value>

    </property>

    <configuration>

Also provided the environment variables in ~/.bashrc file; Still the error persist

#HIVE home directory configuration

export HIVE_HOME=/usr/local/hive/apache-hive-1.2.1-bin

export PATH="$PATH:$HIVE_HOME/bin"

1 Answer

0 votes
by (31.8k points)

You can do the following modifications:

1. ~/.bashrc

Inside bashrc file add the below environment variables at End Of File : sudo gedit ~/.bashrc

#Java Home directory configuration

export JAVA_HOME="/usr/lib/jvm/java-9-oracle"

export PATH="$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin"

# Hadoop home directory configuration

export HADOOP_HOME=/usr/local/hadoop

export PATH=$PATH:$HADOOP_HOME/bin

export PATH=$PATH:$HADOOP_HOME/sbin

export HIVE_HOME=/usr/lib/hive

export PATH=$PATH:$HIVE_HOME/bin

2. hive-site.xml

You have to create this file(hive-site.xml) in conf directory of Hive and add the below details

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>

<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="configuration.xsl"?>

<configuration>

<property>

  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionURL</name>

  <value>jdbc:mysql://localhost/metastore?createDatabaseIfNotExist=true</value>

</property>

<property>

  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionDriverName</name>

  <value>com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</value>

</property>

<property>

  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionUserName</name>

  <value>root</value>

</property>

<property>

  <name>javax.jdo.option.ConnectionPassword</name>

  <value>root</value>

</property>

<property>

  <name>datanucleus.autoCreateSchema</name>

  <value>true</value>

</property>

<property>

  <name>datanucleus.fixedDatastore</name>

  <value>true</value>

</property>

<property>

 <name>datanucleus.autoCreateTables</name>

 <value>True</value>

 </property>

</configuration>

3. You also need to put the jar file(mysql-connector-java-5.1.28.jar) in the lib directory of Hive

4. Below installations required on your Ubuntu to Start the Hive Shell:

    4.1 MySql

    4.2 Hadoop

    4.3 Hive

    4.4 Java

5. Execution Part:

1. Start all services of Hadoop: start-all.sh

2. Enter the jps command to check whether all Hadoop services are up and running: jps

3. Enter the hive command to enter into hive shell: hive

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