We code a program in a high-level language that is understandable by us. We call it source code but our machine cannot understand source code. The machine only understands the program written in 0’s and 1’s. So, a compiler or interpreter is used to convert the high-level language to machine code. The interpreter translates the code by one statement at a time. The interpreter is memory efficient and makes debugging easy. The interpreter is used in programming languages like Python, Ruby, etc. and C, C++, and Java use compilers for the same.
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