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I used a variable with a lot of data in it, say String data. I wanted to use a small part of this string in the following way:

this.smallpart = data.substring(12,18);

After some hours of debugging (with a memory visualizer) I found out that the objects field smallpart remembered all the data from data, although it only contained the substring.

When I changed the code into:

this.smallpart = data.substring(12,18)+""; 

..the problem was solved! Now my application uses very little memory now!

How is that possible? Can anyone explain this? I think this.smallpart kept referencing towards data, but why?

UPDATE: How can I clear the big String then? Will data = new String(data.substring(0,100)) do the thing?

1 Answer

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by (46k points)

Doing the following:

data.substring(x, y) + ""

creates a new (smaller) String object, and throws away the reference to the String created by substring(), thus enabling garbage collection of this.

The important thing to realise is that substring() gives a window onto an existing String - or rather, the character array underlying the original String. Hence it will consume the same memory as the original String. This can be advantageous in some circumstances, but problematic if you want to get a substring and dispose of the original String (as you've found out).

Take a look at the substring() method in the JDK String source for more info.

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