To become a cloud developer, one should first gain a solid understanding of programming languages and software development principles. It's also crucial to be familiar with cloud computing concepts like software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and infrastructure as a service (IaaS). Expertise in cloud scripting and automation technologies like Terraform, Ansible, and Cloud Formation, as well as practical expertise with cloud platforms like AWS, Azure, or Google Cloud, are prerequisites. You can further your education as a cloud developer by taking online courses, going to industry conferences, and earning cloud certifications like AWS Certified Solutions Architect.
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For your convenience, Intellipaat has made a video guide on this topic which covers the steps and effective methods to become a cloud developer in 2023. So, it is highly recommended to have a look once before proceeding further.