This post will give you a basic background in artificial intelligence and machine learning. It's a good place to gain an intro-level, working understanding of the categories, how they fit together, and their differences.
Artificial intelligence, described as an intelligence presented by machines, has many applications in today's society. More specifically, it is a Weak AI, the form of AI where programs are developed to perform specific tasks, that are being utilized for a wide range of activities like; medical diagnosis, electronic trading platforms, robot control, and remote sensing. AI has been used to produce and advance numerous fields and industries, including finance, healthcare, education, transportation, and more.
For more information regarding ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE REAL WORLD, refer to the following link: https://eiuperspectives.economist.com/sites/default/files/Artificial_intelligence_in_the_real_world_1.pdf