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Project Manager Roles and Responsibilities

Project Manager Roles and Responsibilities

Are you interested in a career as a project manager? This blog post will guide you through the job description, roles and responsibilities, and average salaries for project managers.

Table of Contents

Have a look at this video to gain a better understanding:

Who is a Project Manager?

Definition of what is project manager: A project manager is someone who takes charge of a project. They make plans, do the work, and watch over everything needed to finish the project well. They’re super important in making sure the project gets done on time, within budget, and meets the goals for quality. Project managers organize teams, give out tasks, handle risks, and talk to everyone involved. They use special ways of managing projects and tools to make things go smoothly.

For instance, let’s say a project manager is overseeing the development and launch of a new smartphone. What does a project manager do? Starting with planning the tasks, assigning roles, managing timelines, controlling resources and budgets, addressing risks, ensuring quality, communicating with stakeholders, and coordinating teams to achieve a successful product launch – he takes care of everything!

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Importance of Project Manager

Project managers are the backbone of any successful project, ensuring that tasks are completed on time and within budget. They juggle a variety of responsibilities, from planning and execution to fostering communication and collaboration. Without their expertise and guidance, projects can quickly spiral out of control, leading to missed deadlines, wasted resources, and frustrated team members.

They’re also the ones who keep an eye on the budget and make sure the project doesn’t end up costing more than it should. So, project managers are crucial because they keep things organized, make sure everyone is on the same page, and ensure that projects are completed successfully from start to finish.

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Key Roles and Responsibilities of a Project Manager

Roles within a project can be seen as the various tasks you need to carry out. This sheds light on how you collaborate with your team and interact with the individuals you’re assisting, including customers. Your duties stem from your role, outlining the tasks you’re accountable for.

If you’re the leader, you’ll have different things to do than if you’re a team member. Your responsibilities show how you make your role work to make the project successful.

Here are the different roles and responsibilities of a Project manager that one should know:

Creating a Plan

  • Project managers are in charge of making a clear plan for the whole project.
  • This plan shows what the project aims to do, what tasks are needed when they should be done, and what resources are available.
  • Think of the plan as a map that helps the team finish the project successfully.
  • It also makes sure everyone knows their jobs and what they need to do.

Example: Imagine a project manager tasked with organizing a fundraising event for a non-profit organization. They create a detailed project management plan that includes setting fundraising goals, outlining event activities, assigning tasks to team members, and setting a budget to ensure the event runs smoothly and achieves its objectives.

Scope of Management and Staying on Track

  • Project manager ensures the project stays on primary goals.
  • Clearly defines project boundaries to avoid scope issues.
  • Guards against unauthorized changes disrupting the project.
  • Checks changes to match initial project intentions.

Example: Consider a project manager overseeing the development of a new mobile app. As the project progresses, the project manager reviews feature requests from different teams. They ensure that these requests align with the original app’s purpose, preventing unnecessary additions that might delay the app’s release.

Managing Resources

  • Manages resource allocation including finances, materials, and human talent.
  • Ensures efficient and appropriate resource utilization.
  • Aligns resource usage with project requirements for optimal progress.

For example: In a construction project, a project manager allocates resources such as materials, machinery, and workers. They ensure that the right materials are ordered in the right quantities, equipment is available on-site when needed, and workers are assigned tasks according to their skills and availability.

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Handling Problems and Managing Risk

  • Anticipates project challenges in advance.
  • Formulates strategies to manage and mitigate risks.
  • Prepares team to tackle unforeseen obstacles effectively.

For example: Imagine a project manager leading a software development project. They identify possible risks, such as potential software bugs or delays in receiving third-party APIs. The project manager develops contingency plans, like having a dedicated testing phase and setting up communication channels with the API provider’s support team.

Communicating with the Team

  • Project manager ensures clear and widespread communication.
  • Acts as a hub for sharing crucial project details.
  • Keeps all stakeholders informed about progress and changes.

For example: In a marketing campaign project, a project manager communicates progress updates to the marketing team, designers, and client. They also ensure that changes in campaign direction are communicated promptly to all stakeholders, ensuring everyone is on the same page and informed about any adjustments.

Guiding and Leading the Team

  • Project managers lead by guiding teams and promoting unity.
  • They motivate collaborative and efficient work towards goals.
  • Providing direction, encouragement, and resolving challenges builds team cohesion.

For example: Consider a project manager leading a team of designers working on a website redesign. They inspire team members by acknowledging their contributions, providing feedback, and facilitating brainstorming sessions to tackle design challenges together.

Managing Deadlines

  • Project manager creates a task timeline and monitors progress.
  • Adjustments are made as needed to keep the project on schedule.

Imagine a project manager responsible for organizing a company-wide training program. They create a timeline outlining when training modules will be developed, when sessions will be conducted, and when assessments will occur. They ensure that each phase stays on schedule to meet the training program’s launch date.

Checking and Assuring the Quality

  • They maintain the project’s quality standards by consistently assessing project deliverables.
  • The aim is to confirm that the deliverables adhere to predetermined benchmarks and are in line with the project’s objectives.
  • This process guarantees the creation of outcomes that are of superior quality.

Example: In a manufacturing company, a project manager oversees the production of a new product line. They inspect prototypes and samples, ensuring that each product meets the quality standards set by the organization. They might initiate additional testing or adjustments if any quality issues are identified.

Stakeholder Management

  • Project manager connects stakeholders, addressing their interests and concerns.
  • Open communication fosters cooperation and collaboration.

For example: Consider a project manager coordinating the launch of a new retail store. They regularly communicate with the store owner, contractors, interior designers, and city officials to ensure that everyone’s input is considered and the store’s launch meets legal requirements and stakeholder expectations.

Keeping the Records and Documents

  • Project managers have the duty to record project advancement, choices, and results.
  • This documentation acts as a historical account of the project’s evolution.
  • Valuable lessons for upcoming projects can be drawn from this record.
  • Accountability and transparency are promoted through this practice.

For example: In a research project, a project manager keeps detailed records of experiment procedures, data collected, and results obtained. This documentation allows other researchers to replicate the experiments, verify the findings, and build upon the project’s conclusions.

Building A Career in Project Management

Becoming a project manager involves following a clear path that combines hands-on experience with essential knowledge. This role requires a mix of leadership and organizational skills. 

From building crucial skills to getting relevant certifications and gathering practical experience, the steps to becoming a skilled project manager are distinct yet rewarding. By following this path, you can learn to manage projects effectively and navigate the challenges of modern project management.

Here are some of the steps that are involved in this path to becoming a project manager:

Skillset Required

Below are a few essential skills and technical competencies required to pursue a career as a Project Manager in India.

Soft Skills:

  • Communication: The effective conveyance of ideas and information to team members, stakeholders, and clients is significant.
  • Leadership: Guiding and motivating are some of the skills that are required to encourage the team towards achieving project goals.
  • Problem Solving: Proficiency in identifying issues and devising practical solutions to ensure project progression is pertinent.
  • Time Management: Skillfully allocating time to tasks and adhering to project schedules is another major skill to possess. 
  • Adaptability: This is one of the crucial competencies of a project manager, which offers flexibility in response to changing project requirements and unforeseen challenges.
  • Negotiation: Proper negotiation during disagreements and collaborating with different parties to reach mutually beneficial outcomes are also counted to represent prowess.

Hard Skills

  • Scope Management: To prevent scope creep, it is necessary to define and control the project scope.
  • Quality Assurance: The assurance that project deliverables meet established quality standards is required.
  • Technical Knowledge: Understanding the technical aspects of the project domain to facilitate effective communication with team members is necessary.
  • Data Analysis: Utilizing data to monitor project progress and make informed decisions is another desired ability for this role.
  • Contract Management: Familiarity with contract terms and conditions when working with vendors and clients is imperative.
  • Procurement: The knowledge of sourcing and acquiring necessary resources for the project is necessary to have for this role.
  • Documentation: It is important to maintain accurate records of project details, decisions, and outcomes.


To become a Project Manager, it’s crucial to undergo formal training. After your 10+2 studies from a recognized Indian board, you can pursue a bachelor’s and then a master’s degree. Alternatively, you can start with a bachelor’s degree, work entry-level, and later pursue a master’s.

Earn a Certification

Seeking specialized certifications is an optional but beneficial aspect of the path to becoming a Project Manager in India. These certifications offer additional knowledge beyond your degree. Below are several specialized certification options to consider:

Certified Associate in Project Manager Certification TrainingProfessional Certificate in Project Manager – Role and Skills
Persuasion and Presence for Program and Project ManagersData Protection and Privacy for Leaders and Project Managers
Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM)Project Management Professional (PMP)

Prepare your CV

Creating an appealing resume is vital on your journey to becoming a Project Manager. Your resume should be informative yet concise and engaging. It should include your education, interests, and skills.

Exploring Internship Opportunities

Internships can be a big help. They offer valuable skills and insights into the industry. Many companies, even startups, offer internships. You can apply through websites like Internshala, Twenty19, Monster, and Naukri by uploading your resume.

Discovering Job Openings and Applying

After your internship, you’re ready to apply for full-time jobs. Look for openings on various platforms like Naukri, LinkedIn, and Indeed. Apply and wait for interview calls. Attend interviews that match your interests.

Starting Your Career

The final step in becoming a Project Manager in India is beginning your career. Review your interview results, choose the best job offer, and accept it. Join the company and start your exciting journey as a Project Manager.

Salary of a Project Manager

The salary of a Project Manager in India varies based on factors such as experience level, industry, location, and company size. For instance, a Project Manager with 10 years of experience in the IT field in a metropolis like Bangalore can expect a higher salary than a Project Manager with 5 years of experience in the manufacturing sector in a smaller city.

As per our reports collected from Glassdoor, the salary of a Project Manager in India is as follows:

Average Salary₹15 LPA
Salary Range₹5 LPA to ₹28 LPA

When it comes to countries other than India, the average salary of a Project manager is (this is just an average number):

United States$105,000 per year
United Kingdom£50,000 per year
Canada$85,000 per year
Australia$90,000 per year
Germany€65,000 per year


Project managers are essential for the success of projects across all industries. They juggle a variety of responsibilities, including managing project scope, timelines, and resources, fostering communication and collaboration, and proactively addressing challenges. Their ability to adapt to changing circumstances makes them indispensable in helping organizations achieve their goals.

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