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Why Investment Banking? A Detailed Guide (2024)

Few job options in the fast-paced world of finance are as appealing and challenging as investment banking. With enormous stakes and unique prospects, this profitable sector encourages ambitious individuals. However, investment banking, like any other profession, has its ups and downs. We look into the why, what, and potential risks of pursuing a career in investment banking in this detailed guide.

Table of Contents:

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Investment Banking Overview

An investment bank constitutes a specialized segment within the financial sector, offering essential financial services to both businesses and governmental entities. These services include capital raising, mergers, and acquisitions, as well as risk management. Investment banks play an essential role in financial markets, delivering crucial functions like underwriting, trading, and consulting. 

An investment banker works within financial institutions to assist clients in making informed financial decisions, analyzing current market trends, and enabling transactions such as mergers and acquisitions. The importance of investment banks and their personnel in the global economy must be considered, as they act as vital mediators, linking organizations in need of financing with prospective investors and providing strategic economic advice. 

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Why Investment Banking?

Why Investment Banking?

Investment banking plays an important role in a country’s economic progress because it connects businesses with capital, promotes entrepreneurship, and drives innovation. It allows businesses to raise capital for expansion, infrastructural improvements, and technological advancements, resulting in employment creation and enhanced productivity.

Let’s look at some of the important services it provides:

  • Capital Raising: 

Capital raising involves the obtaining of capital for firms and governments. Underwriting securities and making initial public offerings (IPOs) are services provided by investment banks. This vital service enables companies to access the cash they require for expansion and other strategic activities, eventually promoting economic growth and development.

  • Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A):

Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) are financial transactions that involve the combination of businesses. Mergers occur when two companies unite to form a new firm, whereas acquisitions occur when one company absorbs another. M&A transactions are strategic moves designed to achieve synergies, increase market share, and boost competitiveness. 

  • Financial Advisory Services:

The financial consulting services within investment banking offer expert guidance on critical financial decisions in areas such as mergers, acquisitions, and capital structuring. Investment bankers serve as valuable reservoirs of knowledge regarding market trends, effective risk management, and comprehensive financial planning.

  • Risk Management: 

There are multiple risks related to financial services, and investment banks help their clients manage the financial risks related to these financial services, such as currency changes, interest rates, and other market variables. This knowledge assists organizations in navigating difficult financial landscapes.

  • Economic Growth:

Investment banking contributes to and helps in economic growth by providing capital flow, assisting firms, and ensuring financial markets operate smoothly. As a result, employment and economic growth eventually increase.

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Impact of Investment Banking Globally

The global impact of investment banking is far-reaching, significantly influencing both financial landscapes and employment trends. Investment banks, through services such as capital raising and mergers and acquisitions, play a crucial role in shaping international economic dynamics. 

Their activities influence currency values by impacting trade flows and financial markets on a global scale. Furthermore, the success and stability of investment banking operations contribute to economic growth, promoting employment opportunities worldwide. 

Let’s have a look at the table below to see how the influence of investment banking has changed in some of the years globally:

Impact2020202120222023%Change 2022-2023
Global investment banking revenue (US$ billion)$112.0 billion$107.2 billion$145.3 billion$160.0 billion10%
Global equity and debt offerings underwritten by investment banks (US$ billion)$4.3 trillion$3.8 trillion$4.7 trillion$5.0 trillion6%
Global M&A deals advised on by investment banks (US$ billion)$4.6 trillion$ 4.2 trillion$5.1 trillion$5.5 trillion8%
Number of people employed by the top 10 investment banks globallyOver 380,000Over 350,000Over 400,000Over 420,0005%
Investment bank’s share of global financial sector profits revenue (%)Approximately 9.8%Approximately 9%Approximately 10%Approximately 10.5%5%
Investment bank’s share of global trade financing (%)Over 48%Over 45%Over 50%Over 50%0%

We can see in the above table how the impact of investment banking has changed or fluctuated over the years, but the trend of investment banking has been upward. This suggests that investment banking is growing massively.

Impact of Investment Banking in India

Investment banking in India has had a significant impact across several sectors over the years. One worthy influence can be found in the financial industry, where investment banks play an important role. 

The technology sector has also felt the effects, as investment banking helps develop IT businesses with finance and strategic transactions. Furthermore, investment banking activities support the infrastructure sector by securing financing for important projects, which contributes to the country’s development.

In the table below, we can see how the effect of investment banking has changed over time in India:

Impact2020202120222023%Change 2022-2023
Investment banking revenue in India (₹ crore)11,00012,00015,00018,00020%
Equity and debt offerings underwritten by investment banks in India (₹ lakh crore)
M&A deals advised on by investment banks in India (₹ lakh crore)751.01.52.033%
Number of people employed by the top 10 investment banks in India9,00010,00012,00014,00017%
Investment banking revenue as a share of total financial sector revenue in India (%)
Investment banking fees as a share of total capital raised in India (%)

Using the data in the accompanying table, it is clear that the total capital raised in India has been steadily increasing in recent years. This trend emphasizes the importance and increasing nature of India’s investment banking sector, confirming its essential role in the country’s economic landscape.

Why Choose Investment Banking as a Career?

A career in investment banking provides both intellectual stimulation and large financial benefits, making it a desirable choice for those seeking a demanding and rewarding professional path.

 Here are some of the reasons why you should choose investment banking as a career:

  • Financial Reward: This job is well-known for its significant financial perks, which include competitive pay along with high bonuses, making it a tempting alternative for anyone seeking financial success.
  • Career Growth Opportunities: In an investment banking career, there are a number of opportunities for advancement or growth in investment banking. You can advance your career by climbing the corporate ladder and taking on increasingly critical roles. It’s a fascinating field with many opportunities for development.
  • Transferrable Abilities: The abilities learned in investment banking, such as financial analysis, strategic thinking, and deal-making, are highly transferable, providing opportunities for a variety of professional pathways.
  • Long-Term Professional Growth: Choosing a career in investment banking corresponds with the pursuit of long-term professional growth, as the skills and experiences obtained are transferable across industries.

Career Opportunities in Investment Banking

Career Opportunities in Investment Banking

The field of investment banking provides a number of career prospects for individuals aspiring to enter the finance sector. Diverse job roles within investment banking exist, aligning with your unique skills and level of experience.

Let’s take a look at some of the job roles in investment banking:

  • Investment Banking Analyst: Investment banking analysts are responsible for financial modeling, data analysis, and assisting senior bankers with financial transaction execution.
  • Investment Advisor: An investment advisor is a financial specialist who gives clients personalized advice and knowledge on investment strategies and opportunities. These advisors are critical to navigating financial market difficulties and optimizing investment outcomes for their clients.
  • Investment Banker: An investment banker holds the responsibility of securing funds for clients by overseeing financial activities like mergers, acquisitions, and initial public offerings (IPOs).
  • Quantitative Analyst: A quantitative analyst, often called a “Quant,” uses maths and statistics to study financial markets and figure out how risky different investments are. They apply special models and techniques to understand and manage risks in the world of finance.
  • Financial Advisor: Financial advisors are specialists who provide consumers with reliable financial guidance. They advise consumers on how to invest and organize their cash sensibly.

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Drawbacks of a Career in Investment Banking

Drawbacks of a Career in Investment Banking

A career in investment banking offers various benefits, but it’s essential to balance the scales by acknowledging not only the advantages but also the potential challenges and drawbacks.

Some of the difficulties encountered in the investment banking profession are as follows:

  • Work Hours: One important disadvantage of a job in investment banking is the hard and unpredictable work hours, which frequently involve lengthy workdays and weekend commitments to fulfill project deadlines and client expectations.
  • High Stress Levels: The nature of the job, which includes high-pressure circumstances, continual market swings, and strict deadlines, can contribute to higher stress levels, negatively influencing the general well-being of experts in the area.
  • Intense Competition: Because there are only a few prestigious positions available in the sector, there is fierce competition among experts fighting for growth and recognition.
  • Entry Barriers: Breaking into investment banking frequently requires overcoming considerable entry barriers, such as the requirement for advanced degrees, relevant expertise, and a network of industry connections, making it difficult for aspiring individuals to enter the area.


Investment banking plays a crucial role in today’s financial world, supporting economic growth, innovation, and worldwide connections. This blog has explained its important role, influence, and career possibilities. Although there are appealing financial rewards and intellectual challenges in this field, it’s important to recognize potential difficulties like long work hours and tough competition. Still, for those navigating this complex landscape, investment banking provides opportunities for career advancement, strategic influence, and a significant impact on the global economy.

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