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What is AWS CloudFormation?

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This blog on AWS CloudFormation will provide you with a thorough understanding of the following:

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Definition of AWS CloudFormation

Managing your infrastructure while using many services might be challenging. It could take a lot of time and effort to create and manage several AWS resources.

In fact, if you choose to do this, you could find yourself spending more time maintaining your AWS resources than developing your products. How do we fix this problem?

As previously said, it allows you to easily construct and manage a group of AWS resources by providing and updating them in an orderly and predictable manner.

In simple terms, it enables you to develop and model your infrastructure and apps without having to execute manual tasks.

This is an AWS service that assists you in creating and managing resources so that you may spend less time managing those resources and more time focused on your AWS-hosted applications.

You only need to develop a template that outlines all of the resources you want, and AWS Cloudformation will manage and provide all of the resources for you.

You may create a template into which you can insert all of your resources using the Cloudformation designer offered by AWS. Additionally, you may list all the resources’ dependencies.

You may utilize your templates to recreate your infrastructure in other settings and places.

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Why do we need AWS CloudFormation?

Think about creating an application that will utilize a variety of AWS services.

The creation and management of those resources may be incredibly time-consuming and challenging.

Developing the application might be challenging if you are constantly managing AWS resources. What if such a service existed?

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Benefits of AWS CloudFormation

A variety of benefits that CloudFormation and other AWS-compatible IaC technologies offer to speed up and improve the effectiveness of setting up and managing cloud services.

Benefits of AWS CloudFormation

Deployment speed

  • You may nearly instantly deploy several instances of the same resources using a single CloudFormation template to control how AWS resources are configured and delivered.
  • Compared to manually setting up each deployment by executing commands on the CLI or hitting a button in the AWS interface, this technique provides a significantly quicker deployment.
  • Configuring your CloudFormation templates will take time, of course, which is a negative. But imagine you repeatedly do the same kind of deployment.
  • In that case, creating a CloudFormation template that you can use for each deployment would be far simpler than customizing each one individually.


  • The same configuration may be reused for designing and deploying AWS resources using CloudFormation templates.
  • Regardless of how many instances you create, CloudFormation ensures that your applications and services are consistent and uniform.
  • By individually setting up each resource, there is a higher chance that the working engineer would use different settings on separate instances, which may lead to incompatibility.
  • Controlling your environment will be harder as a consequence since certain resources may appear to be distinct from others although doing the same fundamental purpose.
  • The same application may operate on numerous EC2 instances simultaneously, or service may be subject to different IAM access constraints.
  • It will be challenging to manage resources effectively because of this mismatch.

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  • In a similar vein, even while CloudFormation isn’t a security technology in and of itself, it may increase the overall security of your AWS system by lowering the probability of oversight or human error that might lead to breaches.
  • The possibility of an engineer forgetting to activate key access restrictions is eliminated.
  • whether you build your CloudFormation templates safely, for instance, or by letting data flow unrestricted. You will have access to the general public because of this.

Simple update

  • You can use CloudFormation templates to modify already deployed resources in addition to launching new ones.
  • Tasks like expanding the storage available to a fleet of EC2 instances or changing the access control policies are made easier by this capability.

Change management and auditing

  • You can track the templates you’ve used and how they’ve changed over time when you utilize Cloud Formation to manage your infrastructure.
  • Without having to start again with logs, Cloud Formation’s change tracking feature lets you monitor how your AWS services and resources have evolved over time.

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AWS CloudFormation Templates Terms and Concepts

It is advantageous to comprehend the fundamental principles that guide how CloudFormation templates organize resources, variables, and functions.

  • Format version: The format version of a template establishes its capabilities.
  • Description: Provides any remarks about your template in the description.
  • Metadata: Using JSON or YAML objects, metadata can be used in the template to provide additional information.
  • Parameters: Parameters can be used to modify templates. Parameters enable you to provide your template with any values at runtime as you create or modify your stack.
  • Mappings: Mappings allow you to map keys to a named value specified in a conditional parameter. You can also use the “Fn:: FindInMap” intrinsic function to obtain values from a map.
  • AWS CloudFormation Template: An AWS service or resource’s configuration and deployment should be described in a CloudFormation template, which is effectively a text file that has been formatted in a certain way (details on formatting are provided below).
  • AWS CloudFormation Stacks: A stack is a collection of several Aws services that may all be managed together by adopting a single template, including EC2 virtual machines, S3 storage, and IAM access restrictions.

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How to create an AWS CloudFormation Template

AWS CloudFormation templates are text files in JSON or YAML format. To create these templates, you’ll need to utilize the AWS CloudFormation designer or a text editor.

CloudFormer, an AWS configuration tool that uses current AWS resources in your account to produce AWS CloudFormation templates, will be used to construct your own templates.

CloudFormation does not support all AWS resources or resource characteristics, but you should be able to generate basic templates without the need for any third-party programs.

To create your first CloudFormation template, follow the steps below:

  1. Using the AWS CloudFormation Console, create a CloudFormer stack.
  2. When the CloudFormer stack’s state is CREATE COMPLETE, the stack is ready to be launched.
  3. When constructing the CloudFormer stack, make sure your account and password are given.
  4. Before using CloudFormer to build a template, ensure that your account contains all of the AWS resources that you intend to include in your template.
  5. You should have an Amazon EC2 instance, an Amazon EC2 security group, and an Elastic IP Address in your account.
  6. With the correct tools and a thorough awareness of CloudFormation features, you’ll be able to design CloudFormation templates that can be used in any AWS application straight away.

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Alternatives for AWS CloudFormation

  • Although there are other cloud automation and IaC tools available in the AWS cloud to provide the above benefits, CloudFormation is Amazon’s own IaC solution.
  • Additionally, your group has access to third-party IaC technologies that work with AWS, such HashiCorp Terraform or Ansible.
  • AWS’s own IaC platform, CloudFormation, on the other hand, offers the most thorough user interface for the AWS cloud and includes tools like Designer that let you create and modify CloudFormation templates right on the AWS website.
  • The primary advantage of adopting a third-party IaC tool instead of CloudFormation is that the majority of third-party IaC solutions can configure resources working on several public clouds, not only AWS.
  • A third-party IaC tool platform is advantageous if you use multiple clouds concurrently, such as AWS and Microsoft Azure, because it enables you to use the same configuration management tool for all of your workloads.


AWS CloudFormation provides a range of tools to ease and automate infrastructure provisioning and application deployment; each deployment service has varied capabilities for managing applications.

To create a successful deployment architecture, compare the available features of each service to the requirements of your application and business.

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