Top Answers to Sharepoint Interview Questions

1. What is Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server?

MS SharePoint Portal Server is an integrated suite from server-side to help improve organizational effectiveness by providing:

  • Comprehensive content management
  • Enterprise search
  • Accelerating shared business processes
  • Information sharing across boundaries
  • A platform which includes server administration, application extensibility, and interoperability for IT professionals

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2. What are zones?

Zones are different logical paths (URLs) of gaining access to the same SharePoint web application.

Five zones:

  1. Internet zone
  2. Intranet
  3. Default
  4. Extranet
  5. Custom

3. What is Windows SharePoint services?

Creation of websites for information sharing and document collaboration will be enabled by Windows SharePoint Services. It provides additional functionality for MS Office system and other desktop applications. It also supports like a platform for the development of applications.

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4. How is SharePoint Portal Server different from the Site Server?

SharePoint Portal Server:
• Website creation for information sharing and document collaboration is treated as services by SharePoint Portal Server.
• SharePoint server services are key information worker infrastructure that provides additional functionality to the MS Office system applications.
Site Server:
• It manages websites with multiple technologies.
• Content management, product management, order processing, and advertisement serving are some of the functionalities.
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5. What is LINQ? How is it used in SharePoint?

LINQ is a feature of the programming languages C# 3.0 and Visual Basic .NET. LINQ allows a user to query in an object-oriented way, supports compile-time check, gives the user IntelliSense support in Visual Studio, and defines a unified, SQL-like syntax to query any data source. However, unlike other languages and query syntaxes which vary from one type of data source to another, LINQ can be used to query, in principle, any data source. Hence, developers may find that it is the only query syntax that they ever need to know. It is commonly used to query objects, collections, XML, and SQL server data sources.

LINQ to SharePoint is officially being supported with the 2010 release. It works similar to LINQ to SQL or LINQ to Entity.

The LINQ to SharePoint Provider is defined in the Microsoft.SharePoint.Linq namespace. It translates LINQ queries into Collaborative Application Markup Language (CAML) queries. The gateway class for the LINQ to SharePoint provider is Microsoft SharePoint.Linq.DataContext which represents the data of a SharePoint Foundation website.

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6. What are the hardware and software requirements for SharePoint 2010?

Hardware requirements: Processor 64-bit, four-core, 2.5 GHz minimum per core. RAM 4 GB for developer or evaluation use, 8 GB for single server, and multiple server farm installation for production use. Hard disk 80 GB for installation.

For production use, users need additional free disk space for day-to-day operations. Add twice as much free space as the users have RAM for production environments.

Software requirements: The 64-bit edition of Windows Server 2008 Standard with SP2. If the users are running Windows Server 2008 without SP2, the Microsoft SharePoint Products and Technologies 2010 Preparation Tool installs Windows Server 2008 SP2 automatically.

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7. What are the advantages of service applications over SSP?

The key limitation of the SSP architecture was that it was configured by using a set of services, and all web applications associated with the SSP bore the overhead of all the services even if they weren’t being used. To change the service configuration for a particular web application, a new SSP would have to be created.

The service application architecture, on the other hand, allows a set of services to be associated with a given web application and a different set of services to be associated with another web application. Also, the same service application can be configured differently in different web applications; therefore, websites can be configured to use only the services that are needed, rather than the entire bank of services.

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8. What is new SharePoint 2013?

SharePoint 2013 is the next version of Microsoft’s famous collaboration and document management software called SharePoint. This version follows SharePoint 2010 that was released back in May 2010. SharePoint 2013 was released (as preview and RTM versions) with some new and exciting features such as real-time social feed, shredded storage, SharePoint apps, cross-site publishing, out-of-box PDF support, minimal download strategy, and lot more.

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9. Why should a company migrate to SharePoint 2013?

Microsoft has added some incredible features to SharePoint 2013 that can be of huge benefit to all the companies that use SharePoint on a large scale. Most of the new features are introduced for improving SharePoint’s performance (for both browser and SQL) and to enhance the famous web content management capabilities. There is an improvement for all—end users, developers, and IT administrators.

10. What is the licensing model for SharePoint 2013?

With SharePoint 2013, Microsoft has introduced User License Enforcement capabilities—i.e., different licenses can be assigned to different users based on Active Directory security groups that are added in. A group of admins, for example, would need features that are offered by enterprise license, but a group of end users, on the other hand, can work with standard license and would not need to pay more. By default, the User License Enforcement is disabled and must first be enabled to begin assigning, using, and implementing user licensing capabilities.

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11. What are the features of SharePoint?

Communities: The new version of SharePoint allows users to work together in different ways. Microsoft has enhanced the social feature of SharePoint 2007 in SharePoint 2010 and has made it look better. Communities allow people to collaborate in groups, share knowledge, and find information on various topics easily.
Content: SharePoint content shifts SharePoint 2010 from a departmental solution to an enterprise solution. There has been massive improvement in content wherein users can add a significant number of documents to SharePoint. They can even use external data storage options to store more data.
Search: Microsoft SharePoint 2010 has acquired a fast search server, which improves the search tremendously for users. Now, users can search not only for content but also for people. Users can opt for better language options with thumbnails and previews. Users can even sort out search queries and study similar search to get relevant search results.
Insights: With the help of SharePoint insights, users can access information through different data sources such as dashboards, scorecards, reports, and more. To help users, Microsoft has introduced performance point server to the SharePoint platform. It is also known as performance point services for SharePoint. It helps users discover right people and expertise to make better business decisions.

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12. Why is it required to use sandbox solution in SharePoint?

The sandbox solution allows the usage of easy, deployable, and reusable packages that consist of features, site definitions, and many more functionalities. The sandbox solution can be enabled and disabled manually by going and changing from the settings. The solution can be deployed on the server. Sandbox allows the restriction to be put where the execution of the environment allows certain resources to be enabled and kept into the sandbox without affecting the rest of the server. Sandbox solutions can’t affect the whole server as they are not used to deploy at the administrative level. It can be deployed on a site with the administrator permissions using the site collection. Only the administrator is allowed to configure the sandboxed solutions that are related to settings like load balancing, tiers, quotas, resource points, etc.

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