Online SQL Compiler

An online SQL compiler is a tool that allows users to write, test, and execute SQL code online without installing any software on their computers. SQL stands for Structured Query Language and is used to communicate with databases.

An online SQL compiler provides a platform for users to practice writing SQL code, test it against sample databases, and troubleshoot any errors that may arise. This tool is beneficial for beginners who are learning SQL. It is useful for experienced users who need to quickly test some code without setting up a database environment.

Utilizing an online SQL compiler is a straightforward process. Access the tool through your web browser and begin writing your SQL code using the provided text editor. Moreover, the tool offers a sample database for convenient code testing.

Once you have written your SQL code, click the “Run” button to execute the code. The compiler will then display the results of your query in the results panel. You can also use the tool to save your SQL code, share it with others, and even collaborate in real time.

The SQL Compiler, also known as the SQL Integrated Development Environment (IDE), serves as a versatile tool for crafting and executing SQL queries. It finds extensive applications in the IT industry to handle databases, extract data, and generate reports. 

Here are the procedural steps in detail for utilizing the SQL Compiler:

Working of the SQL Compiler (IDE)

Step 1- Writing SQL Code: To begin with the SQL Compiler (IDE), the initial step involves writing SQL code. The developer accomplishes this task in the IDE’s text editor. It offers enhanced functionalities such as syntax highlighting, code completion, and other aids to simplify the code-writing process.

Step 2- Compilation: After composing the SQL code, the developer can proceed to compile it using the SQL Compiler (IDE). During this process, the SQL Compiler carefully scrutinizes the code’s syntax and grammar to ensure its correctness. If any errors are detected, the SQL Compiler promptly presents an error message, providing valuable details like the line number and the nature of the error encountered.

Step 3- Execution: Once the code is compiled, the developer gains the ability to execute it directly within the SQL Compiler (IDE). The SQL Compiler takes the SQL code and transmits it to the database management system (DBMS) for execution. The DBMS processes the SQL code and returns the resulting outcome to the SQL Compiler.

Step 4- Result Viewing: The SQL Compiler exhibits the result received from the DBMS in a designated result window. Depending on the features offered by the SQL Compiler, the developer has the option to view the outcome in different formats, such as tables, charts, or graphs.

Step 5- Debugging: If the SQL code does not execute correctly or produces incorrect results, the developer can use the SQL Compiler’s debugging features to identify and fix the problem. The SQL Compiler provides tools for stepping through the code line by line, setting breakpoints, and examining variables.

Step 6- Integration: Integrating a SQL Compiler (IDE) with other tools, such as version control systems, enhances the management of SQL code development. Furthermore, developers can utilize the IDE to create and execute intricate SQL scripts and conveniently store them for future use.


CREATE TABLE employees (
    name VARCHAR(50),
    age INT,
    department VARCHAR(50),
    salary DECIMAL(10,2)


This code creates a table called “employees” with columns for ID, name, age, department, and salary. It specifies what type of data can be stored in each column, like integers or text, and sets the ID column as the primary key.

SQL Syntax

SQL has various syntax rules that are scanned by IDEs. Following are some of the basic syntax that one should know to start their career in SQL:

SELECT statement syntax:

Syntax rule: SELECT column_name(s) FROM table_name

Example: SELECT name, age FROM employees

WHERE clause syntax:

Syntax rule: WHERE condition

Example: WHERE age > 30

JOIN statement syntax:

Syntax rule: JOIN table2 ON table1.column = table2.column

Example: SELECT * FROM employees JOIN departments ON employees.department_id =

ORDER BY statement syntax:

Syntax rule: ORDER BY column_name [ASC | DESC]

Example: SELECT name, age FROM employees ORDER BY age DESC

GROUP BY statement syntax:

Syntax rule: GROUP BY column_name(s)

Example: SELECT department, AVG(salary) FROM employees GROUP BY department

INSERT INTO statement syntax:

Syntax rule: INSERT INTO table_name (column1, column2, column3, …) VALUES (value1, value2, value3, …)

Example: INSERT INTO employees (name, age, department, salary) VALUES ('John Doe', 25, 'IT', 5000)

UPDATE statement syntax:

Syntax rule: UPDATE table_name SET column1 = value1, column2 = value2, … WHERE condition

Example: UPDATE employees SET salary = 5500 WHERE name = 'John Doe'

DELETE statement syntax:

Syntax rule: DELETE FROM table_name WHERE condition

Example: DELETE FROM employees WHERE age < 25

How to Write a Program in SQL

Planning: Prior to commencing the writing of any SQL code, it is crucial to undertake proper planning to determine the intended objectives. This entails identifying the relevant tables to work with, specifying the necessary data to retrieve, and considering any filtering or sorting requirements that may be necessary.

Opening an IDE: An Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is a software application that provides an environment for coding, testing, and debugging SQL scripts. Popular IDEs for SQL include MySQL Workbench, Oracle SQL Developer, and Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio.

Connecting to a Database: Upon opening an IDE, the subsequent step is to establish a connection with a database. This entails providing essential details such as the database name, server name, port number, and login credentials.

Writing SQL Statements: SQL statements are used to manipulate and retrieve data from a database. The basic SQL statements are SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE.

SELECT statement: This retrieves data from one or more tables. For example:
SELECT * FROM employees WHERE age > 30;
This statement retrieves all columns from the employees table where the age is greater than 30.

INSERT statement: This is used to add new data to a table. For example:
INSERT INTO employees (name, age, department, salary) VALUES ('John', 25, 'Sales', 50000);
This statement adds a new employee named John to the employees table with an age of 25, department of sales, and a salary of 50,000.

UPDATE statement: This is used to modify existing data in a table. For example:
UPDATE employees SET salary = 55000 WHERE name = 'John';
This statement updates the salary of the employee named John to 55,000.

DELETE statement: This is used to delete data from a table. For example:
DELETE FROM employees WHERE name = 'John';
This SQL statement removes the employee named John from the employees table.

Running the Code: Once you have completed writing the SQL statements, you can proceed to execute the code to observe the results. The IDE will showcase the output in tabular format or plain text.

Testing and Debugging: Testing the SQL code is essential to verify that it generates the intended results. In case any errors occur, the IDE’s debugging tools can be utilized to pinpoint and rectify the issues effectively.