Top 10 Investment Banks in the World in 2023
Updated on 27th Dec, 23 9.2K Views

In this blog, we’ll uncover the top 10 investment banks in the world that hold the keys to trillions of dollars and discuss some of the eye-opening statistics that depict their significant impact on the financial world.

Table of Contents

Learn about Investment Banking through this video by Intellipaat:

What are Investment Banks?

Investment banks are like financial middlemen for big and complicated money transactions. They step in when:

  • A new company wants to sell its shares to the public for the first time (IPO).
  • Two companies want to join forces.
  • Big organizations like pension funds need help with their financial decisions.

Readers also read: What is Investment Banking?

The Top 10 Investment Banks in the World

As per the feedback of the lenders, we have mentioned below the scores of the top investment banks:

Top Investment Banks2023 Score
JPMorgan Chase & Co.8.148
Bank of America Corp.6.562
Morgan Stanley8.286
Goldman Sachs Group, Inc.8.886
Citigroup Inc.6.170
UBS5.278
Wells Fargo Securities7.933
Deutsche Bank6.753
HSBC Holdings7.74
Barclays6.039

Here is a list of the top Investment Banks in the world along with their market cap, net income, and other factors:

JPMorgan Chase & Co.

JPMorgan Chase & Co.

JPMorgan Chase, the largest bank in both the United States and the world as of 2023, boasts a storied history dating back to its founding in 1799. Its current status as a financial powerhouse emerged from the merger of the Chase Manhattan Company and J.P. Morgan & Co. in 2000. 

This institution excels in various financial services, including assisting companies, managing wealthy clients’ assets, and providing standard banking services under the Chase brand. With assets totaling $3.87 trillion, it ranks fifth globally and leads in investment banking revenue. Nonetheless, it faces occasional scrutiny due to concerns about its risk management practices and legal matters, attributed to the complexity of its financial operations.

  • Market Capitalization: US$388.5 billion
  • Net Income: US$37.68 billion 
  • Total Assets: US$3.87 trillion
  • Total Equity: US$292.3 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries: 
    • Chase Manhattan Corp.
    • Bank One Corp.
    • The Bear Stearns Companies Inc.
    • Washington Mutual Bank.
    • Cazenove Group.
    • InstaMed.
    • WePay.

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Bank of America

Bank of America

Bank of America, often referred to as BofA, is a major American financial institution headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, with key operations in Manhattan. It’s the second-largest bank in the United States and the world by market capitalization, following JPMorgan Chase.

BofA provides a wide range of financial services, including commercial banking, wealth management, and investment banking. Its roots can be traced back to the Bank of Italy, founded in 1904, which served Italian immigrants facing discrimination. Over time, through mergers and acquisitions, it has become a significant player in the global financial industry, despite legal challenges and investigations.

  • Market Capitalization: US$348.4 billion
  • Net Income: US$27.53 billion
  • Total Assets: US$3.1 trillion
  • Total Equity: US$273.2 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries: 
    • Merrill Lynch
    • U.S. Trust
    • Countrywide Financial
    • FleetBoston Financial
    • LaSalle Bank

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Morgan Stanley

Morgan Stanley

Morgan Stanley is a prominent American multinational investment bank and financial services company, headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, with a global presence spanning 41 countries and a workforce of over 75,000 employees. The firm caters to a diverse clientele, including corporations, governments, institutions, and individuals, and was ranked 61st in the 2021 Fortune 500 list of the largest U.S. corporations based on total revenue. 

Its origins date back to the establishment of the original Morgan Stanley in 1935, a response to the Glass–Steagall Act’s requirement to separate commercial and investment banking. In its inaugural year, it quickly captured a significant market share. In 1997, the firm merged with Dean Witter Discover & Co., subsequently adopting the name “Morgan Stanley Dean Witter Discover & Co.” under Philip J. Purcell’s leadership. 

The company later reverted to its original name, “Morgan Stanley,” in 2001. Today, the company’s core areas of operation encompass institutional securities, wealth management, and investment management, and they hold systemic importance as designated by the Financial Stability Board.

  • Market Capitalization: US$298.7 billion
  • Net Income: US$11.1 billion
  • Total Assets: US$1.18 trillion
  • Total Equity: US$101 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries: 
    • Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC
    • Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC
    • Morgan Stanley Bank, N.A.
    • E*TRADE Securities LLC
    • Morgan Stanley Investment Management

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Goldman Sachs

Goldman Sachs

Goldman Sachs, founded in 1869 and headquartered in New York City, is a prominent American multinational investment bank and financial services firm with global reach. It operates in major financial hubs worldwide, including London, Hong Kong, and Tokyo.

It ranks as the world’s second-largest investment bank by revenue and is listed 55th on the Fortune 500. However, the company has faced criticism for its perceived lack of ethical standards, associations with authoritarian governments, and close ties to the U.S. federal government through a revolving door of former employees.

Employees have reported grueling work conditions, excessive hours, and a lack of mental health support. Despite these controversies, Goldman Sachs is known for its involvement in financing startups, often benefiting from their initial public offerings. Notable companies it has supported include Twitter, Spotify, Foodpanda, and Dropbox, and it maintains a partnership with the World Economic Forum.

  • Market Capitalization: US$294 billion
  • Net Income: US$11.26 billion
  • Total Assets: US$1.44 trillion
  • Total Equity: US$117.2 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries: 
    • Goldman Sachs Bank USA
    • Goldman Sachs Mortgage Company
    • GSCP (DEL) Inc.
    • Goldman Sachs Credit Partners L.P.
    • GSTM LLC

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Citigroup Inc.

Citigroup Inc.

Citigroup, often called Citi, is a major American bank based in New York City. It was created in 1998 through a merger of Citicorp and Travelers Group but later separated from Travelers in 2002. Citigroup owns Citibank and operates globally. It’s one of the largest banks in the United States and is considered crucial for the financial system’s stability. 

Citigroup is among the top global investment banks and ranked 33rd on the Fortune 500 in 2021. With around 200 million customer accounts in over 160 countries and 223,400 employees. The number of employees decreased after the financial crisis of 2007–2008. In 2020, Citigroup was a major player in securities services, with over $2.36 trillion in assets under custody. In February 2021, Jane Fraser became its CEO, making her the first female CEO of a major U.S. bank.

  • Market Capitalization: US$185 billion
  • Net Income: US$14.85 billion
  • Total Assets: US$2.3 trillion
  • Total Equity: US$201.2 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries: 
    • CITIGROUP FINANCIAL PRODUCTS INC
    • Associates First Capital Corporation
    • Citigroup Global Markets Holdings Inc.
    • Citigroup Pty Limited
    • Citi Private Bank
    • Citicorp North America, Inc

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UBS

UBS

UBS Group AG is a prominent Swiss bank that provides a wide range of financial services globally, including private banking, wealth management, and investment banking for individuals, corporations, and institutions. It is renowned for its strict client confidentiality and banking secrecy practices.

Due to its substantial presence in key financial markets across America, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia, it holds the status of a critically important global bank. UBS also manages a significant portion of the world’s private wealth, serving a substantial number of billionaires. Alongside its global investment banking operations, UBS is notable for safeguarding gold reserves in secure locations, although its discretion has led to scrutiny from tax authorities in various countries.

UBS ranks as one of Europe’s largest banks, boasting substantial assets, and is recognized for its security measures and client loyalty. Nevertheless, it faces criticism for facilitating tax avoidance and offshore financing. Additionally, UBS plays a vital role as a primary dealer and forex counterpart for the U.S. Federal Reserve.

  • Market Capitalization: US$176.9 billion
  • Net Income: US$7.63 billion
  • Total Assets: US$3.96 trillion
  • Total Equity: US$56.9 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries: 
    • UBS Group AG standalone
    • UBS AG consolidated
    • UBS AG standalone
    • UBS Switzerland AG standalone
    • UBS Americas Holding LLC
    • UBS Europe SE
    • Credit Suisse AG consolidated
    • Credit Suisse AG standalone

Wells Fargo Securities

Wells Fargo Securities

Wells Fargo is one of the major American banks. However, it faced issues due to allegations of unfair consumer treatment and computer system failures. Recently, the complications increased as a result of illegal money transactions and discrepancies in consumer accounts.

But, despite these problems, Wells Fargo managed to earn over $20 billion in the second quarter of 2023.

  • Market Capitalization: US$153.66 billion
  • Net Income: US$13.2 billion
  • Total Assets: US$1.875 trillion
  • Total Equity: US$178.4 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries: 
    • Wells Fargo Bank, N.A
    • Wells Fargo Advisors, LLC
    • Wells Fargo Securities, LLC
    • Wells Fargo Insurance Services
    • Wells Fargo Merchant Services

Deutsche Bank

Deutsche Bank

Deutsche Bank, a well-known German multinational investment bank and financial services firm based in Frankfurt, Germany, has a rich history dating back to its founding in 1870. Over the years, it has grown through acquisitions, including notable ones like Disconto-Gesellschaft in 1929 (which led to a brief name change to DeDi-Bank), Bankers Trust in 1998, and Deutsche Postbank in 2010. 

With a presence in 58 countries as of 2018, Deutsche Bank is a major player in Europe, the Americas, and Asia. It’s often seen as the largest German bank, although the Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe surpasses it in combined assets. Since 2011, Deutsche Bank has been recognized as a globally significant financial institution by the Financial Stability Board.

  • Market Capitalization: US$78.5 billion
  • Net Income: €5.7 billion
  • Total Assets: €1.337 trillion
  • Total Equity: €62 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries: 
    • DWS Group
    • Postbank
    • Deutsche Bank Securities 
    • Deutsche Bank Transaction Banking

HSBC Holdings

HSBC Holdings

HSBC Holdings plc, often referred to as HSBC, is a major British bank based in London with strong ties to East Asia and a global presence. It is the largest European bank in terms of total assets, totaling around $2.953 trillion as of December 2021. HSBC’s history dates back to its establishment as a trading house in British Hong Kong, and it later expanded to Shanghai in the mid-1800s. 

In 1991, the current parent company, HSBC Holdings plc, was formed in London, with the Hong Kong-based bank becoming its subsidiary. In 1992, HSBC acquired Midland Bank, becoming one of the UK’s largest banks. HSBC operates in 64 countries and serves approximately 40 million customers. It is listed on stock exchanges in Hong Kong and London, and it has been involved in various controversies, including fines related to money laundering and tax avoidance schemes.

  • Market Capitalization: US$64.5 billion
  • Net Income: US$16.670 billion
  • Total Assets: US$2.966 trillion
  • Total Equity: US$196.028 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries:
    • Hang Seng Bank Limited
    • HSBC Bank USA
    • HSBC Bank Mexico

Barclays

Barclays

Barclays, headquartered in London, is a British banking institution divided into two primary segments: Barclays UK and Barclays International, with support from Barclays Execution Services. Its origins date back to 1690 as a goldsmith banking business, later evolving into a joint-stock bank known as Barclays and Co. in 1896. Throughout its history, Barclays has expanded nationwide and pioneered the first cash dispenser in 1967. 

Notable acquisitions include Woolwich in 2000 and Lehman Brothers’ North American operations in 2008. Listed on the London Stock Exchange, Barclays holds significance in global financial stability, operating in over 40 countries with approximately 80,000 employees, solidifying its status as one of Europe’s largest banks. 

Barclays UK handles British retail banking, credit cards, wealth management, and corporate banking, while Barclays International specializes in investment banking, offering financial services to large corporations and governments.

  • Market Capitalization: US$42.6 billion
  • Net Income: £5.973 billion
  • Total Assets: £1.514 trillion
  • Total Equity: £69.260 billion
  • Top Subsidiaries:
    • Barclaycard
    • Barclays Bank plc
    • Barclays Bank UK plc
    • Barclays Shared Services

Conclusion

In summary, the blog showcased the top 10 investment banks and their individual strengths. These banks offer a range of services to meet diverse client requirements. It’s important to stay informed about these key players to get crucial financial services and advice. Remember to stay vigilant and informed to seize the best investment opportunities.
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