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What is Master of Business Administration (MBA)?

If you are an MBA aspirant, then we are here to guide you in your journey of pursuing an MBA degree. This article will cover topics such as what is MBA, details of the entrance exam, types of courses included in it, and much more. 

Learn How to Choose MBA Specialization through this video

What is an MBA?

An MBA is a postgraduate degree program that focuses on building the skills and information required to become effective company executives. MBA programs encompass a wide spectrum of business and management areas such as finance, digital marketing, accounting, human resources, and more.

The fundamental goal of an MBA program is to give students a well-rounded education in business and management, with a focus on developing analytical, problem-solving, and leadership abilities. MBA graduates are prepared to work in a range of fields, including finance, consulting, marketing, entrepreneurship, and more.

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MBA programs are normally two years long while certain programs can be completed in one year. Many MBA programs require applicants to have work experience before applying; however, the quantity of experience necessary varies by program.

What is MBA stand for? MBA stands for Master of Business Administration, this program was formed in the early twentieth century, with the first program established at Harvard University in 1908. MBA programs have become increasingly popular and specialized over time, with institutions providing a focus on fields like finance, marketing, and management. MBA programs are now provided by institutions all over the world and are considered one of the most elite graduate degree programs. MBA benefits include improved career opportunities, higher earning potential, and enhanced leadership and management skills.

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All about MBA Entrance Exam

MBA entrance examinations are standardized assessments that measure candidates’ preparation and aptitude for admission to MBA programs. These tests are intended to assess a variety of skills and talents, including analytical thinking, numeric reasoning, and verbal communication. The results of these tests are an important aspect of the admissions process for MBA programs.

The most prominent MBA admission tests approved by business schools worldwide are the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) and the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). GMAT is primarily meant for MBA applicants, and it assesses verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skills.GRE, on the other hand, is much broader and is extensively utilized for various graduate programs, including MBA.

Other entrance tests used for MBA program admissions in India include the Common Admission Test (CAT), Xavier Aptitude Test (XAT), SNAP, IIFT, TISSNET, NMAT, and Management Aptitude Test (MAT).

MBA entrance examinations are often made up of multiple-choice questions and are attended through a computer. Depending on the subject, some exams may additionally contain portions on analytical writing or integrated reasoning. Exams often have a time restriction for each component and a total duration of three to four hours.

The MBA requirements include- exam scores, along with academic performance, job experience, and personal essays. Preparing properly for the examinations is critical for achieving a competitive score, and there are several platforms available to assist students in studying, such as preparatory classes, practice tests, and review materials.

Here are the types of MBA entrance exams you need to know about:

Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT)

The GMAT is exclusively intended for MBA program applicants, and it assesses verbal, quantitative, and analytical writing skills. It is generally recognized by business schools worldwide.

The speciallity of this exam is that it’s ‘Adaptive’ which means that the level of next questions will depend on correctness of your answer to current question. Correct answer increases the level while incorrect answer lowers it to have better understanding of your knowledge in the domain.

The Graduate Management Admission Test, or GMAT, is a critical exam for students who aspire to attend some of the world’s most esteemed business schools. This exam includes both subjective and objective questions and is computer-adaptive, meaning the difficulty of the test adjusts based on the test taker’s responses. The GMAT consists of 80 questions, and test-takers are given a total of 3 hours and 7 minutes to complete it.

The GMAT is conducted on a computer and is given in English. The scoring for the GMAT ranges from 200 to 800, with the average score typically landing between 400 and 500. If a test-taker achieves a score of 760 or above, they’ve landed in the top 1% of test-takers i.e., 99 percentile, which is a significant accomplishment.

Graduate Record Examination (GRE)

Contrary to GMAT, GRE is a more generic test that is utilized for a range of graduate school programs, including an MBA. It assesses verbal reasoning, mathematical reasoning, and analytical writing abilities.

Common Admission Test (CAT)

The CAT is largely used for admission to MBA programs in India. It measures a candidate’s numerical ability, linguistic ability, logical reasoning, and data interpretation skills. Most of Indian colleges accept scorecard of CAT exam to provide MBA to eligible candidates.
The cutoff for CAT for IIM’s is usually above 90 percentile for general candidates with sectional percentiles 75 and above.

Xavier Aptitude Test (XAT)

The XAT is also commonly utilized for admission to MBA programs in India. It assesses an applicant’s linguistic skills, numeric capacity, decision-making ability, and general awareness. The primary college to apply via XAT is XLRI Jamshedpur for which the cutoff is around 34-36 marks in the XAT exam.

Management Aptitude Test (MAT)

Another test utilized for admission to MBA programs in India is MAT. It assesses an applicant’s verbal, mathematical, data analysis, and reasoning abilities.

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Types of MBA Courses

Here are the types of MBA courses that are available for students:

Types of MBA Courses

One-year MBA

The one-year program is a full-time graduate-level MBA degree program that seeks to provide students with the information and abilities needed to excel in the business world in less time than a standard two-year MBA program. These programs are often intense, immersive, and fast-paced, focusing on real-world experience and practical application.

One-year MBA programs are meant for students who have some work experience and want to improve their skills and knowledge to develop their careers. The curriculum is identical to that of a typical two-year MBA program; however, it is compressed into a shorter time frame.

Part-time MBA

A part-time MBA program is a graduate-level MBA degree developed for working individuals who desire to get an MBA while maintaining full-time employment. These programs are generally flexible, allowing students to earn their MBA degrees at their leisure over a two- to four-year period.

Part-time MBA programs offer the same curriculum as full-time MBA programs, including core business courses and electives. Accounting, finance, marketing, operations management, and organizational behavior are just a few of the subjects covered in the basic courses. Students might specialize in entrepreneurship, consultancy, or international business through optional courses.

Executive MBA

An Executive Master of Business Administration (EMBA) is a graduate-level program developed for mid-career professionals and executives who wish to improve their business acumen and leadership abilities while continuing to work full-time.

EMBA programs often require applicants to have more than two years of work experience and may demand the completion of preparatory courses, such as accounting or statistics. The length of the program varies; however, it usually takes between 1-2 years to finish.

Distance MBA

A distance MBA program is a flexible, online variant of the typical Master of Business Administration (MBA) program. It lets students do their homework online and study from anywhere on the globe, making it a handy choice for working people who are unable to attend a typical MBA program in person.

The curriculum of a distance MBA program is comparable to that of a typical MBA program, and it includes a wide variety of business disciplines such as accounting, finance, marketing, operations, leadership, and strategy. However, the distribution method is different, as the coursework is provided online via virtual lectures, online conversations, and assignments.

Online MBA

An Online Master of Corporate Administration (MBA) program is a graduate-level degree program that provides students with the skills and knowledge required for leadership roles in the corporate world. This program is aimed to provide students with a thorough grasp of business ideas and practices such as finance, marketing, accounting, operations management, and organizational behavior.

Online MBA programs are designed similarly to traditional MBA programs, but they provide the flexibility of learning from anywhere with an internet connection. The curriculum of an online MBA program generally includes core business courses, electives, and a capstone project.

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Average Salary for an MBA Graduate in India

The average MBA salary in India varies based on numerous aspects, including the kind of MBA program (full-time, part-time, or executive), the reputation of the business school, the industry, and the candidate’s job experience and talents.

According to the most recent data, the average annual pay for an MBA graduate in India is roughly Rs. 8-10 lakhs (approximately USD 10,700 to 13,500). Candidates from top-tier business schools such as Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and XLRI Jamshedpur, on the other hand, can anticipate beginning wages of Rs. 20-25 lakhs per annum (about USD 27,000 to 34,000) or more.

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MBA Course Details

Here are some common MBA course specifics:


The MBA program normally lasts two years, split into four semesters. Some universities, however, may offer a one-year accelerated MBA program or a part-time MBA program that requires more time to finish.

Eligibility conditions

Depending on the school, the eligibility conditions for an MBA program may differ. The most typical prerequisites, however, are a bachelor’s degree in any subject from a recognized institution, a minimum percentage or CGPA in the qualifying test, and a legitimate score in management entrance examinations such as CAT, XAT, GMAT, and so on. Work experience in a relevant field may also be required by some institutions.

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The MBA curriculum generally consists of a combination of core and optional courses covering several business disciplines such as finance, marketing, operations, human resources, and strategy. Projects, internships, and case studies are also included in the curriculum to provide students with hands-on experience in the corporate world.


Many MBA programs offer specializations or majors that allow students to specialize in a specific area of business such as finance, marketing, operations, human resources, entrepreneurship, or international business.

Career Opportunities

Students who complete an MBA program can pursue careers in management consulting, investment banking, marketing, operations, entrepreneurship, or general management. MBA graduates are in great demand in the top firms, and they may expect to earn more than their undergraduate counterparts.

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MBA Specializations

Here is a quick rundown of several common MBA specializations list that are as follows:

MBA Specializations

MBA in Operations Management: 

This specialization focuses on operations management, supply chain management, logistics, quality control, and other relevant issues. Students learn how to create, manage, and optimize operational processes to boost efficiency and production.

MBA in Human Resource Management: 

This specialization focuses on human resource management and development, including recruitment, selection, training, performance evaluation, remuneration, and employee relations. Students learn how to establish a healthy company culture that encourages employee happiness and productivity.

MBA in International Business: 

This specialization examines the problems and possibilities that come with doing business on a global scale. To establish successful foreign business plans, students must traverse cultural variations, legal and regulatory frameworks, and market circumstances.

MBA in Marketing: 

This specialization focuses on market research, customer behavior, product creation, branding, advertising, and other relevant issues. With this specialization, students learn to create digital marketing strategies that effectively advertise products and services.

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MBA in Finance: 

This specialization focuses on financial analysis, investment management, risk management, and other related areas. Students learn to analyze financial data, manage financial resources, and make informed financial decisions.

MBA in Entrepreneurship: 

This specialization focuses on the creation of new firms and the introduction of novel products and services to the market. Students learn how to discover business opportunities, create business strategies, and obtain financing to start and expand their businesses.

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Various trends, such as digital transformation, flexible learning, specialization, and sustainable business practices, are expected to affect the future of MBA programs. With the growing emphasis on technology in business, MBA programs are set to become increasingly tech-focused, providing courses in areas such as artificial intelligence and cybersecurity. 

Furthermore, the rising desire for flexible learning choices will almost certainly push the creation of additional online and hybrid MBA programs that cater to the demands of working people. 

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