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What is Scrum
Updated on 03rd Jun, 23 4.9 K Views

We will cover, what is scrum along with its framework and benefits in this blog post. We will start with the article now. 

Table of Contents

For a visual explanation of the topic, you must look at this video

What is Scrum?

Scrum is a renowned framework for managing complicated projects, especially in the field of software development. It is a project management methodology that stresses flexibility, cooperation, and continual development.

A good illustration of Scrum can be a software development project to produce a new mobile app. The product owner prepares a product backlog that covers all of the features and functionality that the app should have. The Scrum team has a sprint planning meeting to examine the product backlog and choose a set of tasks to focus on during the first sprint. 

During the sprint, the team works on these tasks, conducting daily stand-up meetings to review progress and identify any problems. The team organizes a sprint review meeting after the sprint to show the product owner the finished work and get comments.

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A sprint retrospective meeting is also held to reflect on the sprint and identify ways to enhance the process for the future sprint. The process is then repeated when the team picks a new set of items from the product backlog for the following sprint.

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Scrum Framework

The Scrum framework is outlined below:

  1. Product Backlog: The Product Backlog is a prioritized list of tasks that must be done for the product goals to be met. The Product Owner is in charge of developing and maintaining the Product Backlog. User stories, issues, and technical tasks are all part of the Product Backlog.
  1. Sprint: A sprint is a time-limited period of development that typically lasts 2-4 weeks. During the Sprint, the Development Team works to accomplish the items from the Product Backlog that have been prioritized. The Development Team has a Daily Scrum meeting to monitor progress and identify any roadblocks to their success.
  1. Sprint Planning: The Development Team meets with the Product Owner at the start of each Sprint to choose things from the Product Backlog to work on during the Sprint. The Development Team then develops a Sprint Goal, which is a summary of what they hope to accomplish during the Sprint Backlog.
  1. Sprint Review: At the end of the Sprint, the Development Team shows the Product Owner and any other stakeholders that are interested in the finished work. The Sprint Review gathers input on the work accomplished during the Sprint and identifies any adjustments that need to be made to the Product Backlog.
  1. Sprint Retrospective: After the Sprint Assess, the Development Team conducts a Sprint Retrospective to review their procedures and find areas for improvement. The Sprint Retrospective is a collaborative dialogue between the Development Team and the Scrum Master.

Roles Addressed under Scrum

Scrum is an Agile software development approach that stresses teamwork, iterative development, and adaptability. In Scrum, there are three key roles:

  • Scrum Master 
  • Product Owner 
  • Development Team

Let’s look at each role in more detail:

Product Owner

The Product Owner is in charge of defining and prioritizing the tasks that the development team will do. They collaborate with stakeholders to learn their requirements and communicate their concerns to the development team. 

Only the Product Owner has the authority to add, alter, or remove items from the Product Backlog (a list of items that the Development team will work on). They are also responsible for ensuring that the development team has a clear knowledge of the product’s goals, vision, and business objectives.

Scrum Master

The Scrum Master is in charge of assisting the Scrum process and ensuring that the Scrum framework is appropriately applied. They assist the Development Team and Product Owner in learning about Scrum and its concepts.

The Scrum Master removes any obstacles to the Development Team’s growth and helps the team become self-organizing and cross-functional. The Scrum Master also supports and helps to assure the effectiveness of Scrum events (such as Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective).

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Development Team

The Development Team is a self-organizing, cross-functional group of individuals tasked with producing a potentially shippable product increment after each Sprint. The Development Team possesses the skills and expertise necessary to provide a high-quality product increment, and they collaborate to meet the Sprint Goal, which is established at the start of each Sprint. 

The Development Team is in charge of assessing the effort necessary for each item in the Product Backlog and determining how much work they can do in each Sprint.

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Benefits of Scrum

Benefits of Scrum

The Scrum framework has various advantages in project management, notably in software development. Here are some of the main advantages:

Flexibility and Adaptability

Scrum is supposed to be adaptive and agile in response to changing conditions. This implies that teams can adjust swiftly to changing needs or unanticipated problems that develop throughout a project. Scrum’s iterative nature allows teams to change and pivot as needed to guarantee that they are producing the proper product.

Improved Communication

It encourages cooperation and communication among team members, especially Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team. This ensures that everyone is working towards the same objective and that any difficulties or complaints are addressed as soon as possible.

Increased Transparency

Through the use of frequent meetings such as Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective, Scrum delivers a clear and transparent perspective of the project’s progress. This enables the team to detect and handle issues in a timely way, while also providing stakeholders with a comprehensive picture of the project’s status.

Better Quality and Predictability

By utilizing Scrum’s iterative process and continuous feedback loops, teams may increase the quality and predictability of their work. The team is constantly testing and improving their work, which aids in the identification and resolution of difficulties early in the development process.

Higher Productivity

It can lead to higher productivity since it focuses on prioritizing work and breaking it down into manageable bits. This allows the team to focus on the most critical tasks and deliver significant features in stages.

Motivated and Engaged Teams

Scrum emphasizes self-organization and empowerment of the Development Team, which can result in more motivated and engaged team members. The team is given greater autonomy and responsibility, which can boost their work satisfaction and sense of ownership over the project.

While there are several advantages to employing the Scrum framework for project management, there are also possible drawbacks to consider. 

Disadvantages of Scrum

Here are some of the major drawbacks:

Dependence on the Development Team

Scrum is largely reliant on the Development Team’s abilities and competence, as they are in charge of delivering the product incrementally. If the team lacks the requisite abilities or expertise, or if team members are absent or quit the project, the project’s development might suffer significantly.

A dedicated Scrum Master is required

The Scrum framework requires a committed Scrum Master who is skilled in Scrum principles and practices in order to be effective. If the Scrum Master is unable to fulfill their function properly, the team’s capacity to operate efficiently and effectively suffers.

Possibility of scope creep

It provides flexibility and adaptation, which may be advantageous, but it can also lead to scope creep. If the Product Owner constantly adds new things to the Product Backlog, the project may grow bloated, resulting in delays.

May require significant change management

It requires considerable change management since it is a significant departure from traditional project management practices, which may be difficult for firms to implement. To guarantee that stakeholders, team members, and other parties understand and are willing to embrace Scrum techniques, extensive change management initiatives may be required.

Lack of predictability

While Scrum places a premium on adaptation and flexibility, this might come at the sacrifice of predictability. Because Scrum is iterative, it can be difficult to anticipate project schedules or give stakeholders a clear picture of when certain features or deliverables will be finished.

Not suitable for all projects

While Scrum can be a useful solution for many types of projects, it may not be appropriate for all projects. Traditional project management systems may be more suitable for projects with well-defined and consistent needs, as well as those requiring a high degree of expertise.

Core Values of Scrum

The Scrum framework is based on five core values that help to guide the behavior and mindset of the Scrum team. These values are:

Core Values of Scrum
  1. Commitment: Scrum team members are committed to achieving the goals of the sprint and delivering high-quality products. This commitment requires a willingness to work together, prioritize work, and deliver on promises.
  1. Courage: Scrum team members must be willing to speak up and take risks. They must be courageous enough to challenge the status quo and to suggest new ideas, even in the face of uncertainty or opposition.
  1. Focus: Scrum team members must remain focused on the goals of the sprint and on delivering value to the customer. This requires the ability to prioritize work and avoid distractions.
  1. Openness: Scrum team members must be open and transparent in their communication and in decision-making. This requires a willingness to share information, listen to feedback, and adapt to changing circumstances.
  1. Respect: Scrum team members must respect each other’s opinions, skills, and perspectives. This requires a culture of collaboration and empathy, where team members support and encourage each other.


Scrum’s future is bright since it remains a popular and productive project management paradigm. Scrum will continue to expand and adapt to suit the changing demands of modern companies as firms continue to adopt agile methods and prioritize innovation and agility.

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