DevOps is a cultural shift from traditional software development environment to a new more advanced software development and delivery process that meets the customer’s exact needs. The term DevOps is coined by Patrick Debo is in the year of 2009. DevOps is a fusion term of development and operations.
In recent years, software development practices are evolving from utilising latest tools and technologies to improving productivity and quality of software applications. This new trend has created an impact on traditional IT space. New job roles and designations are replacing traditional IT job roles.
So let’s discuss in detail about the DevOps culture and the various DevOps Jobs roles along with what exactly each job role demands and how each DevOps professional fits into the grand scheme of things. Finally, we shall also be discussing about the career opportunities that are available within the various DevOps job roles.
Main aim of DevOps is to have a continuous development and continuous deployment lifecycle of software application. Software development is unending process since new applications are continuously developed and some features are added or removed from an application quite frequently. Various tools like Puppet, Chef, Ansible are used to achieve automation in traditional infrastructure to facilitate the change in practices.
A DevOps team is built on top of existing software development processes. DevOps controls end to end software development and deployment, usually a person who sits on the top has to manage the entire team with both technical and non-technical expertise. Although there is no one absolute way of DevOps, every organization implements DevOps according to their needs. But almost all DevOps implementation are directed towards automating the entire process as much as possible. Below are some of the DevOps job roles, their vital responsibilities and the skills needed.
DevOps Release Manager
A release manager is an experienced professional in the software domain. Usually a release manager has at least 3-4 years of IT experience. He/She should have a strong knowledge of end-to-end software development and deployment lifecycle. A release manager is expected to have good communication skills because he often has to communicate with both the management professionals and technical personnel involved in a project. A release manager has to take care about multiple projects and multiple DevOps pipelines and deadlines.
Roles and Responsibilities of a DevOps Release Manager
- Control the Software delivery lifecycle
- Manage Project Planning, &documentation for team members
- Ensure quality assurance by recording client feedback
- Manage risk and mitigate them by proper planning
- Maintain communication between technical and management personnel.
A Release Manager usually is an industry-recognized certified professional. Some of the certifications that will help you be a successful DevOps Release Manager are AWS DevOps certification,Intellipaat Agile trainingand certification, PMP agile certified practitioner, etc.
DevOps lead is a person who sits on top of whole DevOps cycle and responsible for proper execution of the process. He/ She should have extensive knowledge of various automation tools used by different part of team members. A DevOps lead should have knowledge how to implement DevOps cycle. A DevOps lead is person who has 3-4 years of experience in DevOps only. He/she should have knowledge of wide DevOps tools and technologies and should be able to decide which tools and technology would be appropriate according to the need of project. A DevOps lead is responsible to maintain high availability of production and non-production environment.
Roles and Responsibilities of a DevOps Lead
- Sits on top of the CI/CD pipeline
- Monitor whole process,infrastructure of continuous integration and deployment
- Have knowledge about the implementation of CI/CD pipelines by using tools like Jenkins, Chef, Puppet, Git.
- Have knowledge of monitoring tools like NAGIOS, Zabbix etc.
- Responsible for managing high availability of production and non-production infrastructure.
- Knowledge of different cloud computing platforms like IaaS, PaaS, SaaS
- Have strong experience using AWS, Azure, OpenShift etc.
To be a successful DevOps Lead you need to have the right certifications. Here are some of the top certifications recognized by the industry. The Intellipaat AWS training and certification, Microsoft Azure certification, AWS certification by Amazon, etc can help you realize your dream of becoming a DevOps Lead professional.
DevOps Automation Expert
DevOps automation expert is a person who is responsible to create automated pipelines for production and non-production environment. He/She typically has 2-3 years of experience in IT. The DevOps automation expert has worked with Unix and Linux machines and has strong understanding of how to automate task using shell scripting, Python or Perl which is very useful to manage CI/CD pipelines.
Roles and Responsibilities of a DevOps Automation Expert
- Create automated CI/CD pipelines
- Have knowledge of GIT,SVN, Jenkins
- Have strong knowledge of Unix
- Understand Shell script, Perl, Python
- Have experience of creating automated CI/CD pipelines by using tools like Gitlab, Jenkins, Chef, Ansible, and Puppet.
- Have knowledge of deploying containers by using containerization tools like docker.
You too can become a DevOps automation expert with the right training, skills and the right certification. Some of the most sought-after certifications for this domain include Intellipaat AWS certification, Intellipaat Azure certification, AWS certification by amazon, Azure certification by Microsoft.
DevOps Testing Professional
A DevOps testing professional is an individual who is responsible to write automated test cases for applications in development. The DevOps testing professional should have 2-3 years of IT experience in software testing. Good understanding of tools like Selenium, Cucumber, Silktest is required for a career in automated DevOps testing.
Roles and Responsibilities of a DevOps Testing professional
- Have strong knowledge of software testing
- Able to create automated test pipelines
- Have strong knowledge of unit testing
- Able to code in Python, Java
- Have a crystal-clear vision of DevOps.
If you want to become a DevOps testing professional, then you need to have the right skills along with the right certifications. Some of the top certifications held by DevOps testing professionals includeSelenium Certification by Intellipaat, Test architect MastersCertification by Intellipaat, ETL Testing certification by Intellipaat among other certifications.
Check the Intellipaat Top DevOps Interview Questions.
If a software developer wants to make a career in companies who are using DevOps tools and technologies, then he/she should have experience of writing high quality code for 2-3 years. He/she should have worked with software versioning tools like Git, SVN etc. and should be familiar with different phases of software development processes.
Roles and Responsibilities of a DevOps Software Developer
- Expertise in commercial IDEs like IntelliJ idea, Komodo etc.
- Able to write high quality code
- Have deeper understanding of algorithm and data structure
- Strong knowledge of C, Java, Ruby etc.
if you want to become a DevOps software developer then you need to have the relevant certification help you realize your dream. Here are some of the top certifications needed to be a DevOps software developer professional. You can go for the Intellipaat Java training and certification or Intellipaat Data Structures training and certification.
A DevOps system engineer should have experience of maintaining and monitoring IT infrastructure systems. He/she should know how to create highly available, fault tolerant systems for production and non-production environment. IT companies are embracing cloud computing very rapidly and hence the DevOps system engineer should be well-versed in all these aspects to do justice to his job role.
Roles and responsibilities of a DevOps System Engineer
- Responsible for maintaining infrastructure.
- Have strong knowledge of UNIX, Linux
- Expert in scripting using Shell script, Python, Perl,
- Have strong knowledge of AWS, Azure, OpenShift, etc.
- Have knowledge of MySQL
If you want to become a DevOps system engineer then you need to have one of these certifications viz. RHCE, Linux advance administration certification by Intellipaat, AWS associate certification, or Master’s certification in Linux administration by Intellipaat.
Security professional in DevOps has around 2-3 years of experience in IT infrastructure security. Security professional is responsible for providing security for infrastructure. They assess the security loopholes in the infrastructure and create a plan to counter security threats.
Roles and Responsibilities of a DevOps Security Professional
- Clearly understands system security and network security.
- Can do risk assessment and make a plan to mitigate them.
- Have strong understanding of Firewalls, IDS, OS.
- Have strong understanding of penetration testing
- Have used tools like Metasploit, Nmap, Wireshark, Snort etc.
- Have strong knowledge of cloud security.
To become a successful DevOps security professional, you need to possess the certifications demanded by the industry. Some of the most sought-after certifications in this domain include CCNP, CEH, CISSP and others.
Most professionals who are working in DevOps domain are either system admins who have acquired greater understanding of coding or are coders who have developed skills of system administration. There are many trainings out there to help IT individuals to facilitate the shift from traditional software development practices to DevOps. These certifications are designed according to the demand of industry to help IT professionals in learning advance concepts of DevOps and make a successful career.
Intellipaat is offering the industry designed training in DevOps which can be taken by working IT professional to make a successful switch towards the DevOps domain.
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