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What is Angular Node?

What is Angular Node?

If you are unfamiliar with Angular Node, this comprehensive guide will assist you in getting started by providing essential information and covering various topics. The guide begins with fundamental concepts and gradually explores more advanced aspects of the Angular Node.

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What is Angular Node?

Angular Node is a framework that brings together two widely used technologies, Angular and Node.js. Angular is a well-known front-end framework created by Google that enables the development of single-page web applications. On the other hand, Node.js is a popular back-end technology that utilizes JavaScript as its programming language, and it is extensively employed for constructing server-side applications.

Angular Node is a comprehensive JavaScript framework for developing web applications that offer developers an effective and efficient approach to creating scalable and resilient software. It employs TypeScript, an enhanced version of JavaScript with static typing, to facilitate the production of code that is both well-organized and easily maintainable. Additionally, Angular Node harnesses the capabilities of Node.js, enabling developers to build server-side applications using JavaScript.

Why Use Angular Node?

There are multiple factors that attract developers towards utilizing Angular Node for constructing web applications. Let us examine some of the advantages associated with employing Angular Node:

Faster Development

Angular Node enables faster development by providing developers with a set of pre-built components and tools that can be easily integrated into their applications. This significantly reduces the development time and enables developers to focus on building unique features for their applications.

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Scalability

Angular Node is extremely scalable, making it a perfect choice for constructing intricate applications. It equips developers with the necessary resources to create applications capable of managing substantial volumes of traffic and data. This scalability is attained by utilizing Node.js on the server side, enabling the concurrent processing of multiple requests.

Improved Performance

Angular Node enhances performance by leveraging cutting-edge front-end technologies and tools. It empowers developers to construct applications that deliver a smooth and gratifying user experience

Better User Experience

Angular Node enhances the user experience by equipping developers with the necessary resources for constructing responsive and engaging applications. This is accomplished by leveraging pre-existing components and tools, which enable the development of vibrant user interfaces.

Community Support

The Angular Node platform benefits from a vibrant and engaged community of developers who actively contribute to its advancement and offer assistance to fellow developers. This community offers an abundance of valuable assets, such as tutorials, code snippets, and libraries, facilitating the development of applications for programmers.

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Getting Started with Angular Node

Having understood the benefits of using Angular Node, let’s now dive in and see how to get started with it.

Install Node.js:
The first step to getting started with Angular Node entails installing Node.js, as it is required to run the server-side code in an Angular Node application. Through the Node.js website, it can be downloaded and installed.

Install Angular CLI:
The Angular Command-Line Interface (CLI) allows developers to create and manage Angular applications. To install it, run the following command after opening the terminal window:

npm install -g @angular/cli

This command will install Angular CLI globally on your machine.

Create a New Angular Node Application:
Running the following command in your terminal window helps create a new Angular Node application:

ng new my-app --routing --style=scss --skip-install

This command will create a new Angular Node application named my-app. The “–routing” flag creates a routing module for the application; the “–style=scss” flag sets the default style sheet format to SCSS; and the “–skip-install” flag skips the installation of npm packages.

Start the Application:
The below-mentioned command must be run in your terminal window to start the application:

cd my-app
ng serve

This command mentioned here starts the application and launches it in your default browser at the location http://localhost:4200/.

Components and Modules of Angular Node

Angular Node Components and Modules

As a popular front-end web development framework, Angular enables developers to create dynamic and responsive web applications by providing a robust set of tools and features to simplify the development process, including the use of components and modules.

Components and modules are the building blocks of Angular applications. Components are reusable user interface elements that define the behavior and presentation of a particular feature. Modules are containers for related components, services, and other functionality.

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  • Creating Components
    Components can be created quite easily in Angular. It entails using the @Component decorator to first define the component’s metadata. The metadata comprises information about the component’s selector, template, and style.

    Having defined the component’s metadata, you should then create the component class. The class defines the component’s behavior and logic; it should implement the OnInit lifecycle hook, which is called when the component is initialized.

    As the next step, you define the component’s template; it is the HTML markup that defines the component’s appearance. Here, you can also define styles for the component using CSS or SASS.

    Having defined the metadata, class, and template of the component, it is now ready to be used in your Angular application. Ensure to add the component’s selector to the HTML markup of the page where you want to use it.

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  • Creating Modules
    Modules are essential for organizing your Angular application and keeping it maintainable. A module is a container for related components, services, and other functionality.

    Creating a module entails defining its metadata first using the @NgModule decorator. The module’s imports, declarations, exports, and providers are among the information comprised within its metadata.

    Having defined the module’s metadata, you should then create the module class. The class defines the module’s behavior and logic; it should implement the NgModule interface.

    As the next step, the module’s components, services, and other functionalities must be defined. Ensure to add them to the module’s declarations and the provider’s arrays.

    Having defined the metadata and functionalities of the module, it is now ready to be used in your Angular application. Ensure to import the module into the component or module where you want to use it.

Templates and Directives of Angular Node

Templates and directives are essential concepts in Angular development. Templates are HTML markup that defines the structure and appearance of your Angular application, whereas directives are special HTML attributes that add behavior to the HTML markup.

Templates are used to define the structure and appearance of your Angular application. You can use templates to create reusable components that can be used across your application. Templates can also include directives, which are special HTML attributes that add behavior to the HTML markup.

Directives, on the other hand, are used to add behavior to your Angular application. They can be utilized to create custom attributes, events, and structural directives to modify the behavior of the HTML markup.

  • Creating Templates and Directives
    To create templates in Angular, you can either use the built-in template syntax or Angular’s template syntax if you want to create custom templates. Template syntax includes structural directives like ngFor, which is used to loop through arrays, and ngIf, which conditionally displays content.

    To create directives in Angular, you can either use the built-in directives or Angular’s @Directive decorator if you want to create custom directives. The @Directive decorator allows you to define custom directives that can be used to add behavior to your Angular application.

Services and Dependency Injection in Angular Node 

Angular Node Services and Dependency Injection

As an effective JavaScript framework for creating online and mobile applications, Angular Node is a great option for developing intricate and dynamic applications. It has a wide range of functionality, such as data binding, routing, and HTTP services. The usage of services and dependency injection, which facilitate the creation of modular and reusable code, is a fundamental concept in Angular Node.

  • Creating Services
    A service in Angular Node is a class that provides specific functionality that can be shared across different components. They can be employed to manage data, handle HTTP requests, and perform other tasks that need to be shared between multiple components. The straightforward process of creating a new service in Angular Node entails creating a new class and adding the @Injectable() decorator.

    Let’s take the scenario where you wish to create a service that manages user data. As seen below, you can make a new service class called UserService:
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class UserService {
  private users: any[] = [];
  addUser(user: any) {
    this.users.push(user);
  }
  getUsers() {
    return this.users;
  }
}

In this example, we have created a new class called UserService, which is decorated with the @Injectable() decorator. This tells Angular Node that this class can be injected as a dependency into other components.

UserService has two methods to add users and retrieve users lists: addUser() and getUsers(). Adding new users requires calling addUser() while getting all users is achieved through getUsers().

  • Using Dependency Injection in Angular Node
    Dependency injection is a technique used in Angular Node to manage the dependencies of an application. It is a way of passing dependencies to a component rather than creating them within the component. This helps decouple components from their dependencies, which makes them more modular and easier to maintain.

    In Angular Node, dependency injection is implemented using the @Injectable() decorator and the constructor of the component. When a component is created, Angular Node checks its constructor to see if any dependencies are needed. If a dependency is required, the Angular Node creates a new instance of the dependency and passes it to the component.

    Consider a component called UserListComponent that shows a list of users as an example. As seen below, UserService can be injected as a dependency in the UserListComponent’s constructor:
import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { UserService } from './user.service';
@Component({
  selector: 'app-user-list',
  template: `
    <h1>User List</h1>
    <ul>
      <li *ngFor="let user of users">{{ user.name }}</li>
    </ul>
  `
})
export class UserListComponent {
  users: any[];
  constructor(private userService: UserService) {
    this.users = this.userService.getUsers();
  }
}

In this example, a new component called UserListComponent has been created, which is decorated with the @Component decorator. UserService has been injected in the UserListComponent’s constructor as a dependency using the private keyword. This instructs the Angular Node to create a new instance of the UserService and pass it to the UserListComponent.

Conclusion

Powerful Angular Node features such as services and dependency injection aid in the creation of modular and reusable code. While services are utilized to manage data, handle HTTP requests, and perform other tasks that need to be shared between multiple components, dependency injection helps manage the dependencies of an application to make the components more modular and easier to maintain.

While there is more to learn about services and dependency injection in Angular Node, the concepts discussed in this article should provide a solid foundation for understanding how they work and how they can be used to create more efficient and scalable applications. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced developer, it is worth investing the time to learn these concepts. You can apply them to your own Angular Node projects.

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About the Author

Techical Research Analyst - Front End Development

As a Technical Research Analyst, Kislaya specializes in Front End Development. He is a Full Stack Developer, known for crafting scalable architectures and user-centric interfaces. He has a massive international client base and is an expert in cloud computing, Linux, and Java Script, personifying a commitment to quality and information sharing.

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