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What is Containerization?

What is Containerization?

In this blog, we will dive into the basics of containerization, exploring its origins, benefits, and use cases. We will also discuss the difference between containerization and virtualization, as well as the most popular containerization tools, such as Docker and Kubernetes.

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What is Containerization?

Containerization is a method of packaging and deploying software applications in a way that makes them portable and easily scalable across different computing environments. It involves isolating an application and its dependencies from the underlying infrastructure, so that it can run consistently and reliably on any host system, regardless of its configuration.

Traditionally, software applications were installed directly onto the operating system of a host machine, making it difficult to move the application to a different machine or to scale it up or down. Containerization solves this problem by packaging an application along with its dependencies and libraries into a single executable unit called a container.

A container provides a lightweight, self-contained environment for an application to run in, without requiring a full virtual machine. Each container shares the host operating system kernel, but has its own isolated file system, network stack, and process space. This isolation ensures that containers don’t interfere with each other, and provides security and stability.

One of the most popular containerization platforms is Docker, which uses a file format called Docker images to define the contents of a container. Docker images can be easily shared and reused, allowing developers to build and test applications in a consistent environment and deploy them to production without worrying about dependencies or compatibility issues.

Check out this Docker Tutorial to learn more about Docker!

Benefits of Containerization

Benefits of Containerization

Containerization has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its many benefits for developers and organizations. Here are some of the key benefits of containerization:

  • Portability: One of the main benefits of containerization is that it makes applications highly portable. Containers provide a consistent runtime environment for applications, regardless of the underlying infrastructure.
    This means that developers can create applications in a containerized environment, and then easily move them to any other computing environment that supports containers.
    This portability makes it easier for organizations to adopt new technologies, move to the cloud, or switch to a different cloud provider without having to modify or reconfigure their applications.
  • Scalability: Containerization enables applications to be easily scaled up or down to meet changing demands. Containers are lightweight, self-contained units that can be rapidly deployed and replicated to handle increasing traffic or workloads.
    This makes it easy for organizations to scale their applications to meet changing business needs, without having to worry about compatibility or configuration issues.
    Containerization also allows for more efficient use of resources, as containers can be deployed on any available host machine, regardless of the underlying operating system.
  • Security: It also provides a more secure environment for running applications. Containers are isolated from the underlying host operating system. That is even if a container is compromised, it cannot affect other containers or the host system.
    This isolation also means that applications can be run with fewer privileges, reducing the attack surface and limiting the impact of any potential security breaches.
    Additionally, containerization makes it easier to implement security policies and enforce compliance requirements, since containers can be configured with specific security settings and restrictions.

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Applications of Containerization

Containerized Applications

Containerized applications are software applications that have been packaged into containers using containerization technology. Containerization involves isolating an application and its dependencies from the underlying infrastructure, so that it can run consistently and reliably on any host system, regardless of its configuration.

In the context of containerization, a container includes everything needed to run an application, such as libraries, dependencies, and configuration files. Containers are isolated from each other and from the underlying host operating system, which ensures that they do not interfere with each other and provides security and stability.

Let us understand it via a real-time example: Netflix

Netflix is one of the most well-known examples of a containerized application. The company has been using containerization technology to run its streaming service since 2013 when it migrated from a monolithic architecture to a microservices architecture.

By using containers, Netflix is able to quickly deploy new features and updates, and scale its infrastructure up or down as needed to handle traffic spikes. Containerization also allows Netflix to isolate different parts of its system, which improves security and makes it easier to troubleshoot issues.

The other example is Kubernetes

Kubernetes is an open-source container in cloud computing platform that is a containerized application. Kubernetes allows developers to manage and deploy containerized applications at scale, provides features such as automatic scaling, load balancing, and self-healing.

By containerizing Kubernetes, developers can easily deploy it on any cloud provider or on-premises infrastructure, without having to worry about compatibility or configuration issues. Containerization also makes it easier to update and maintain Kubernetes, since updates can be made to a single container image rather than requiring changes to be made to each individual host machine.

Go through Docker Interview Questions and Answers asked in top MNCs to crack your interview!

Containerization Tools

Containerization tools have become essential for modern software development and deployment, as they enable organizations to create, deploy, and manage containerized applications at scale. Here are some of the most popular containerization tools and their key features:


Docker is a popular open-source containerization platform that allows developers to build, ship, and run containerized applications.

  • It uses a client-server architecture, where the Docker client communicates with the Docker daemon to create and manage containers.
  • It provides a number of features that make it easy to use, such as a simple command-line interface and a large library of pre-built container images.
  • Provides tools for managing container networks and storage, and integrates with a wide range of other tools and platforms.
  • Not only this it is used by many organizations to streamline their development and deployment processes and improve the reliability and scalability of their applications. Also, Docker in Linux enhances development efficiency by providing lightweight, portable containers that streamline application deployment, facilitate seamless scalability.

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OpenShift is a container application platform based on Kubernetes, which is designed to simplify the deployment and management of containerized applications.

  • It provides a number of features that make it easy to use, such as a web-based user interface, integrated developer tools, and a built-in container registry.
  • It also provides tools for managing container networking, storage, and security, and integrates with a wide range of other tools and platforms.
  • Used by many organizations to accelerate their development and deployment processes, and to provide a consistent and reliable platform for running containerized applications.

Get to know the Differences Between Kubernetes Vs. OpenShift, from our blog!


Podman is a container engine that provides a simple and secure way to run containers on Linux systems.

  • Unlike Docker, it does not require a separate daemon to run, and instead uses standard Linux tools such as systemd and cgroups to manage containers.
  • It provides a command-line interface that is similar to Docker and supports a wide range of container images and registries.
  • It also provides features such as container networking and storage and can be used to run containers as non-root users for improved security.


Containerization has revolutionized the way we develop, deploy, and manage applications. By packaging applications and their dependencies into portable containers, we can achieve greater consistency, portability, and scalability across different environments. So, if you haven’t already, it’s time to dive into the world of containerization and explore its endless possibilities!

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About the Author

Application Architect

Rupinder is a certified IT expert in AWS and Azure, working as a DevOps Architect and specializing in cloud and infrastructure. He designs and builds entire IT setups for important apps in banking, insurance, and finance.