What is Extent Report in Selenium?
Updated on 04th Sep, 23 9.1K Views

Before delving into the depths of Extent Report in Selenium, ensuring a solid foundation is crucial. Familiarity with Selenium WebDriver and Java programming language is essential. Understanding concepts such as test automation frameworks and HTML reporting will be beneficial. With these prerequisites in place, you’ll be equipped to grasp the intricacies of Extent Report, its features, and how it enhances test reporting in Selenium. So, let’s embark on this informative journey.

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What is Extent Report in Selenium?

Introduction to Extent Report in Selenium

In the dynamic world of software testing, reporting is crucial for effective communication and analysis of test results. Extent Report in Selenium has gained immense popularity among Selenium users. It is a comprehensive reporting framework that provides detailed and interactive reports, enhancing the visibility and understandability of test execution outcomes. 

  • Extent Report serves as a robust reporting library designed specifically for Selenium WebDriver. It offers many features that enable testers to create attractive and informative reports.
  • The fundamental objective of the Extent Report is to deliver straightforward and inclusive reports that aid in the identification of test failures, monitoring progress, and facilitation of data-driven decision-making.
  • In Selenium, extent reports are interactive with HTML-based reporting. The reports generated are visually appealing, intuitive, and easily navigable. 
  • They showcase detailed information such as test case status, execution time, log statements, screenshots, and exception details. 
  • Additionally, Extent Report supports the generation of historical reports, allowing testers to compare results across multiple test runs.
  • Extent Reports can categorize tests and assign them to different test suites. This categorization aids in organizing tests based on various criteria, such as functionality, priority, or business area. 
  • The reports can be generated at the test suite, test class, or even at individual test case levels, providing flexibility and granularity in reporting.
  • Extent Report offers seamless integration with popular build tools and continuous integration (CI) servers like Maven, Jenkins, and TeamCity.
  • This integration allows for the automatic generation of reports after each test execution, ensuring up-to-date and readily accessible information for the entire team.

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How to Create an Extent Report in Selenium?

To create an Extent Report in Selenium, follow these steps:

1. Install the ExtentReports library by executing the command below in your terminal:

   npm install extentreports 

2. Create a new Java class named “ExtentReportDemo.java” in your Java project.

3. Import the ExtentReports library in your “ExtentReportDemo.java” class:

   import com.relevantcodes.extentreports.ExtentReports;

4. Create an instance of the ExtentReports class:

   ExtentReports extent = new ExtentReports("extentreport.html");

5. Add a test case to the report:

   ExtentTest test = extent.startTest("My First Test Case");

6. Include log messages in the test case:

   test.log(LogStatus.PASS, "This is a pass message");

7. Finish the test case:

   extent.endTest(test);

8. Save the report:

   extent.flush();

9. Run the “ExtentReportDemo.java” class from your IDE or command line.

After running the “ExtentReportDemo.java” class, you will find a new HTML report in your Java project directory. The report will contain the test case you created along with the log messages you added.

Also, check out the blog on Maven in Selenium.

Benefits of Using Extent Report in Selenium

Benefits of Using Extent Report in Selenium

Extent Report, when integrated with Selenium, offers a powerful solution for generating detailed and insightful test reports. Let’s explore the benefits of utilizing Extent Report in Selenium, highlighting its impact on test automation and decision-making processes.

  • Concise and Comprehensive Reporting: Extent Report provides concise and well-organized reports that capture detailed information about test execution, including test status, duration, and error logs. Its user-friendly interface presents data visually appealingly, enabling stakeholders to grasp the overall test progress and identify failures.
  • Real-Time Monitoring and Analysis: With Extent Report, test execution can be monitored in real-time, allowing immediate identification of any issues or bottlenecks. The ability to track test progress dynamically empowers teams to take timely actions and make informed decisions based on the live status updates provided by the report.
  • Customizable and Interactive Dashboards: Extent Report offers customizable dashboards that enable users to tailor the report’s appearance and content according to their specific requirements. This flexibility allows for creating interactive charts, graphs, and visual representations, enhancing the report’s readability and facilitating data-driven analysis.
  • Multi-Level Reporting: The hierarchical structure of Extent Report allows for multi-level reporting, making it suitable for projects with complex test scenarios. It supports the generation of reports at various levels, such as module-wise, test suite-wise, or individual test-wise, providing detailed insights into specific application areas under test.
  • Seamless Integration and Extensibility: Extent Report seamlessly integrates with Selenium, making it easy to incorporate into existing test automation frameworks. It also supports integrating additional libraries and frameworks, further extending its capabilities and compatibility with other tools and technologies.

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How to Generate Extent Reports?

You can effectively generate Extent Reports in Selenium by following these step-by-step instructions. These reports will empower you to analyze test outcomes, track progress, and make informed decisions based on the data-driven insights derived from the comprehensive test execution reports.

  • Step 1: Establishing the Selenium Environment: 
    Ensuring a well-configured environment is of utmost importance. It entails installing crucial software components, specifically the Java Development Kit (JDK), Selenium WebDriver, and an Integrated Development Environment like Eclipse or IntelliJ.
  • Step 2: Incorporate Extent Reports Dependency:
    To integrate Extent Reports into your Selenium project, include the Extent Reports dependency in your project’s build configuration file (pom.xml for Maven projects). Specify the appropriate version of Extent Reports to ensure compatibility with your Selenium WebDriver version.
  • Step 3: Configuring Extent Reports: 
    Specify the configuration for your Extent Reports, encompassing parameters such as the report path, report name, document title, and additional customization options. This pivotal stage allows you to customize the report generation process to align with the specific demands of your project.
  • Step 4: Initialization of Extent Reports: 
    Begin the initialization process by creating an instance of the ExtentReports class within your Selenium test suite. Specify the desired output path for the report and optionally include supplementary details such as system information and test environment specifics.
  • Step 5: Generating Extent Reports: 
    Throughout the execution of tests, extract the pertinent test results and supply them to Extent Reports. Employ the ExtentReports instance to generate test logs, allocate categories, incorporate screenshots, and furnish extensive information concerning test failures, successes, and other pertinent metrics.

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What are the Applications of Extent Reports?

What are the Applications of Extent Reports?

Extent Reports prove to be an invaluable asset in the Selenium ecosystem, offering a wide range of applications that enhance test result analysis and decision-making. Its comprehensive reporting capabilities, customization options, cross-platform compatibility, historical analysis, and CI tool integration make it a powerful tool for software testers and developers. 

By leveraging Extent Reports effectively, teams can improve collaboration, streamline testing processes, and ensure high-quality software delivery.

  • Comprehensive Test Result Analysis: 
    Extent Reports excel in generating comprehensive reports that offer detailed insights into test execution. Its rich and interactive dashboards provide a holistic view of test outcomes, including test status, duration, and failure details. 
    These reports enable testers to identify failing tests, pinpoint error sources, and analyze trends over time, thus facilitating efficient debugging and issue resolution.
  • Customizable Reporting: 
    With Extent Reports, customization is key. Its flexible architecture allows users to tailor reports to specific project requirements, incorporating custom logos, styles, and layouts. 
    By presenting test results in a visually appealing and branded format, Extent Reports enhance professionalism and readability, making reports more engaging for stakeholders.
  • Cross-Browser and Cross-Platform Compatibility: 
    Extent Reports seamlessly integrate with various Selenium-supported browsers and platforms. This compatibility ensures test results are accurately represented regardless of the testing environment. 
    Whether tests are executed on Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Windows, macOS, or Linux, Extent Reports ensure consistent and reliable reporting across different environments.
  • Historical and Trend Analysis: 
    One of the notable advantages of Extent Reports is its ability to store historical test results. By maintaining a repository of past reports, testers can track test progress over time. They can also identify performance patterns and measure the effectiveness of code changes or system updates. 
    This historical data enables stakeholders to make data-driven decisions based on long-term trends and insights.
  • Integration with Continuous Integration (CI) Tools: 
    Extent Reports seamlessly integrate with popular Continuous Integration (CI) tools such as Jenkins, Bamboo, and TeamCity. This integration enables automated report generation and distribution, providing real-time visibility into test results for all team members. 
    The ability to trigger Extent Reports within CI pipelines streamlines the reporting process, making it an integral part of the software development lifecycle.

Also, check out the blog on how take screenshot in Selenium.

Conclusion

Extent Report is a robust reporting framework for Selenium automation testing. It provides comprehensive and visually appealing reports that aid in analyzing test results. With its rich features, including customizable dashboards, screenshots, and detailed logs, Extent Report enhances test visibility and simplifies result interpretation. By integrating Extent Report into your Selenium testing workflow, you can effectively communicate test outcomes and make informed decisions for optimizing software quality. Experience the benefits of this invaluable reporting tool and elevate your Selenium testing to new heights.

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