Before getting in with Git vs GitHub, you need to know about version control systems. What is a version control system? Let’s check out!
What is a Version Control System?
A version control system (VCS) helps save the program of a project, keeps track of changes made to the code, and undoes those changes if necessary. This feature is really helpful when working with huge projects. By using a version control system, you can easily overcome the conflicts.
Since you know about version control systems now, it is easy to understand Git. let’s get into the discussion.
What is Git?
Git is an open-source, distributed version control system that helps the project team members work together on a project and collaborate easily. It also allows the changes done by multiple members to be merged into one source. So with Git, you will be working on your part of the code, which will be saved in the project repository.
To know more about Git, watch this video tutorial:
Following are the concepts that are covered in this blog:
Features of Git
- Compatibility: Git is compatible with all operating systems. It can also access remote repositories created by subversion (SVN).
- Branching: The branching feature helps make modifications in the project without affecting the original version.
- Reliability: The data stored in the central repository is always backed up. Even when the central server is crashed, the data will never be lost, and it can be gained back easily.
- Speed: Git handles large projects more efficiently; it is very fast and scalable compared to other version control systems (VCS).
- Economical: Git can be used for free, and it is released under the General Public License (GPL) that helps save money on pricey servers.
Steps to Install Git
Step 1: To download the latest version of Git for your operating system, click here
Step 2: After completing the download process, open it. If you get a dialog box showing ‘Do you want to allow this app,’ then click on Yes. Or, if the below dialog box appears, click on Next
Step 3: If you want to go with the default location, click on Next. Or, you can change the location by clicking on the Browse option
Step 4: Click on Next to install the default components. Otherwise, you can install additional components by selecting the checkboxes as below
Step 5: Click on Next for the default start menu folder or Browse for a new folder location
Step 6: Click on Next to select the default text editor for Git
Step 7: Click on Next to adjust your path environment
Step 8: Choose the SSL/TLS library that you will use for an HTTPS connection and then click on Next
Step 9: Click on Next to select the default line endings. Or, you can choose other options
Step 10: For Git Bash, choose the terminal emulator and then click on Next
Step 11: Select all extra options you want to configure and then click on Install
Step 12: Select any of the two options in the below screenshot and click on Next/Finish to complete the setup
Step 13: Once Git GUI is launched by the bash shell, type in the git gui command and press Enter
Step 14: Now, you can create a new repository or clone and open an existing repository. Here, let us create a new repository by entering the directory name
Step 15: As you can see, you have created a blank repository now!
What is GitHub?
GitHub is a cloud-based distributed version control system that is user friendly and also offers a Git repository hosting service. This makes it easy for developers and team members to collaborate very easily. You can sign in and host a public code repository for free. The project repositories will be stored in the GitHub cloud. It is like a ‘cloud for the code.’
Features of GitHub
- Drag-and-drop gist: Gist is a GitHub widget that allows hosting a piece of code in your file. It also provides a large number of code snippets in various languages.
- File finder: This feature is used to navigate quickly through the files that are present in any project repository. To activate this feature, you have to hit the ‘T’ key or type the file name that is there in your mind.
- GitHub emoji: GitHub emojis are the tiny emotion icons that can express people’s feelings. You can add these emojis in the README.md file and Wiki.
- Linking lines: This feature is used to share the specific lines of a file by adding #L followed by the number of the line. Here, you need to copy the starting and ending lines and paste them after the #L parameter, i.e., #L5-15. This selects lines from 5 to 15.
- Git.io: Git.io is used to shorten GitHub URLs. This feature makes it easy to share your GitHub repository.
Steps to Install GitHub
Step 1: To download the latest version of GitHub for your operating system, click here.
Step 2: Click on download for Windows (64bit)
Step 3: Click on Run when prompted
Step 4: Allow to download and install
Once the installation is completed, the GitHub Desktop will be launched.
Step 5: After signing in with your credentials, you can start working on the GitHub desktop
On the GitHub desktop, you can perform various tasks such as merge, collaborate, rebase, and many more. GitHub won’t work on your local computer if you have not installed Git on it.
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Now, as you have come to know ‘what is Git and GitHub?’ and their advantages, let’s dwell into the focus of this blog: GitHub vs Git.
Difference Between Git and GitHub
Below are some of the differences between Git versus GitHub:
|Developed in the year 2005 by Linus Torvalds||Developed in the year 2008 and purchased by Microsoft|
|Focuses on code sharing||Focuses on source code hosting|
|Installed locally on a system||Hosted on the web|
|A software tool||A service tool|
|Primarily, a command-line tool||Administered through the web|
|Doesn’t have a user management feature||Has the user management feature|
|Competes with IBM, ClearCase, Mercurial, and Subversion||Competes with GitLab and Atlassian Bitbucket|
|A licensed open-source tool||A pay-for-use tier|
|Has a minimal external tool configuration||An active for tool integration|
In the programming world, technologies and their functions keep on changing constantly, hence it is worth knowing about ‘what is the differences between Git and GitHub’. I hope this blog was helpful to you.
If you’re new to Git and GitHub or want to explore more in this field to advance your career, your right path will be to sign up with Intellipaat’s Git and GitHub Training. Through this online training course, you will gain a great understanding of how Git or GitHub are being used. To take your career to the next level, enroll today!