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How to Become an Illustrator? Beginner Guide and Career Tips

How to Become an Illustrator? Beginner Guide and Career Tips

While becoming an illustrator requires continuous practice and persistence, it can be an immensely fulfilling career for those with artistic talent and vision. This guide will walk you through the key steps to becoming an illustrator, from building your skills to finding work to advancing your career. Let’s get started!

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Who is an Illustrator?

An illustrator is an artist who creates visual representations of concepts, ideas, and stories through various mediums, such as traditional or digital illustration. They use their skills in drawing, painting, and graphic design to produce images that communicate a message or tell a story.

Illustrators are artists who create visual representations of ideas, stories, and concepts. They are mostly employed in specific sectors, including book publishing, advertising, editorial, and animation. To become an expert in this domain, an illustrator must be brilliant in these mentioned styles, such as developing realism, cartooning, or character design, based on the project requirements. 

Having strong attention to detail, technical skills, and the ability to visually communicate complex ideas are essential for success as an illustrator. Collaborating effectively with clients, editors, and other artists is also crucial in bringing their creative vision to life.

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How to Become an Illustrator?

How to Become an Illustrator?

An illustrator job can be challenging, as it requires a high level of artistic skill, technical proficiency, and persistence. While some individuals may have a natural talent for drawing or painting, it takes significant effort and practice to develop the necessary skills to become a successful illustrator. You can definitely become an illustrator by following the below steps:

Develop your Illustration Skills

Developing your illustration skills is the first and foremost step to becoming an illustrator. You must master illustration fundamentals like perspective, shading, anatomy, color theory, etc. Practice different illustration styles like cartooning, realism, stylization, etc. You can take online courses, read ui ux tutorial, and practice consistently to hone your skills. 

Learn Best Illustration Tools

Following are some of the best illustration software programs that any designer should utilize to create unique graphics simply.

  • Adobe Illustrator: Adobe Illustrator is a powerful tool used by professional graphic designers and digital artists for 2D and 3D graphics manipulation. It offers a wide range of features and is known for its efficiency in the designer’s workflow.
  • Canva: Canva is an adaptable graphic design platform that operates on the cloud, catering to a wide range of design requirements. It empowers users to craft social media graphics, presentations, posters, logos, t-shirts, web designs, and various promotional materials.
  • Inkscape: Inkscape is a free and open-source software that specializes in creating and editing vector-based graphics. It provides tools for creating paths, shapes, text, gradients, and supports layers and object grouping.
  • Adobe Photoshop CC: Adobe Photoshop CC is renowned worldwide for its capabilities in image editing and graphic design. It provides an extensive range of tools and features to facilitate various tasks, including layer editing, masking, filters, drawing, painting, and working with 3D graphics, video, and animation.
  • Clip Studio Paint: Clip Studio Paint is a highly adaptable software specifically designed for digital painting, favored by professionals in the fields of illustration, comic art, and animation. It boasts exceptional capabilities in producing top-notch digital artwork, comics, and animations, while also offering a comprehensive range of features for precise inking and rendering.

These software tools cater to different user needs and have received high ratings, making them among the top choices for illustrators and designers in 2024.


Determine your Illustration Niche

Promoting your illustration services is key to getting new clients and progressing in your career. You need to spread the word about your work through various channels actively. Start by building a professional website to showcase your portfolio and services. Ensure your website is optimized for search engines with the right keywords and meta descriptions. Engage your audience on social media platforms like Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter by posting your latest illustrations and sharing updates.  

Look for opportunities to get publicity in magazines, blogs, and podcasts related to illustration and design. Pitch stories about your recent projects or new accomplishments to the editors. Apply to give talks or conduct workshops at design conferences and events. This is a great way to raise your credibility and visibility.

Learn the Business Side

Developing good relationships with your clients is essential for getting repeat work and word-of-mouth referrals. Communicate regularly with your clients to ensure you have a clear understanding of their needs and expectations. Meet all deadlines and deliver high-quality work. Make revisions promptly based on the client’s feedback. Thank your clients for their business and ask if they have any additional projects you can assist with. 

Long-term clients can become collaborators and help promote your services through recommendations to other potential clients. Building trust and rapport with your clients will lead to a sustained workstream over the years.

Find Illustration Work

While having an illustration niche is recommended, do not put all your eggs in one basket. Look for ways to diversify your illustration work across different industries, mediums, and clients. Take on a range of projects, from book covers to product design, editorial illustrations to album art. Work with publishers as well as corporate clients. Broadening your scope will open you up to more opportunities and make your business more resilient to change. 

You can also expand into related areas like graphic design, fine art, surface pattern design, or art directing. Some illustrators teach at schools to generate an additional source of income and share their passion for the craft. Experiment with different illustration styles, tools, and subjects to keep enhancing your skills and staying ahead of trends. A diverse body of work will demonstrate your adaptability and flexibility as an illustrator. 

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Tips to Improve Your Craft

Tips to Improve Your Craft

As an illustrator, continual learning and practice are important to career success. Make ongoing skill development a priority with these tips:

  • Practice Daily: Set aside time each day, even if it’s just 30-60 minutes, to work on improving your illustration skills. You might draw from life, do anatomy studies, create character designs, practice new digital techniques, etc.
  • Take Additional Classes or Workshops: Look for opportunities to strengthen your illustration abilities through online courses, video tutorials, webinars, or in-person workshops at local art schools or community centers. 
  • Learn New Styles and Mediums: Try illustrating in styles you’re less familiar with, like manga, fantasy, or realism. Or experiment with mediums outside of your norm, such as oil painting, sculpture, or stop-motion animation. Pushing your boundaries will make you a better all-around illustrator.
  • Stay up-to-date with Tools and Software: With technology constantly evolving, keep your digital skills and knowledge fresh by learning the latest updates of illustration tools and programs you use. Subscribe to relevant YouTube channels and online course platforms to get tutorials on new features.   
  • Get Feedback from Others: Share your illustrations on websites like Behance, Dribbble, and Instagram, and ask for constructive criticism from fellow illustrators and creative professionals. Look for ways to improve your technique, composition, use of color, etc. Then incorporate the useful feedback into your work.  

Advance Your Illustration Career  

Once you’ve gained the necessary skill-set, and several years of professional experience as an illustrator, you’ll be ready to take your career to the next level. Some options for career advancement include:  

  • Build a larger client base: Focus on networking, promoting your services, and reaching out to new clients to gain more consistent and higher-paying illustration work. You might get commissions from additional publishing houses, bigger ad agencies, popular websites, etc.  
  • Increase your rates: As your skills and experience improve over time, you can charge higher rates for your illustration services. But only increase your fees incrementally and in line with the type of clients you work with. 
  • Become an art director: Experienced illustrators are often prime candidates for art director roles, overseeing the work of other illustrators and visual designers. Art directors earn a higher salary but also have more responsibilities. 
  • Teach illustration: Share your knowledge and skills with others by teaching varied illustration courses at local art schools, community colleges,  universities, and even online. You can teach drawing, digital illustration, a specialized illustration style, and so on.    

Don’t forget to check out our blog on the scope of web designing if you’re aspiring to become a great web designer.

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Difference between Graphic Designer vs Illustrator

Here is a comparison between Graphic Designer and Illustrator in tabular form:

AspectGraphic DesignerIllustrator
Primary FocusVisual communication and designCreating illustrations and artwork
RoleDesigns logos, brochures, websites, advertisements, etc.Creates drawings, illustrations, and vector graphics
Software UsedAdobe Photoshop, Adobe XD, Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, etc.Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, Inkscape, etc.
Skills RequiredDesign principles, layout, typography, image editingDrawing, illustration, vector art, graphic design
OutputDigital and print mediaDigital illustrations and artwork
Industry ApplicationsAdvertising, marketing, web design, print mediaPublishing, animation, character design, vector graphics
Main Output FormatJPEG, PNG, PDF, etc.Vector files (AI, SVG, EPS)

Skills Required to Become an Illustrator

In order to excel as an illustrator of high caliber, it is imperative to possess artistic talent, demonstrate creativity, and exhibit proficiency in utilizing digital tools. Presented below are critical skills essential for becoming a top-notch illustrator:

  • Drawing Skills: Strong drawing abilities are at the core of illustration. Practice sketching regularly to improve your line work, composition, and understanding of form.
  • Creativity: Illustrators need to think creatively and imaginatively to bring unique and engaging ideas to their artwork.
  • Storytelling: Illustrators often work on projects that convey a narrative. Being able to tell a story through your illustrations enhances their impact and appeal.
  • Digital Illustration: Familiarity with digital illustration tools like Adobe Illustrator, CorelDRAW, Procreate, or Affinity Designer is essential in the modern illustration industry.
  • Traditional Media: Proficiency in traditional art media such as watercolors, acrylics, pencils, or ink adds versatility to your skills as an illustrator.
  • Color Theory: Understanding color theory helps in creating harmonious and visually appealing illustrations.

Responsibilities of an Illustrator

The responsibilities of an illustrator can vary depending on the specific field they work in and the projects they undertake. However, here are some common responsibilities that illustrators typically have:

  • Creating Artwork: The primary responsibility of an illustrator is to create visually appealing and engaging artwork. This can include illustrations for books, magazines, advertisements, websites, packaging, and more.
  • Understanding Project Requirements: Illustrators need to comprehend the requirements and objectives of the project they are working on. This involves collaborating with clients or art directors to ensure their illustrations align with the project’s goals.
  • Developing Concepts and Sketches: Before creating the final artwork, illustrators often create rough sketches and concepts to present to clients or team members for approval.
  • Choosing Artistic Style: Illustrators must decide on the artistic style that best suits the project and target audience. They might work with a variety of styles, ranging from realistic to abstract, depending on the project’s needs.
  • Using Digital Tools: Many illustrators work with digital illustration software, such as Adobe Illustrator or Procreate, to create their artwork efficiently and achieve precise results.

Salary of an Illustrator

Here is a general comparison of the average annual salaries for illustrators in the USA and India:

United States

  • The average annual salary for illustrators in the United States can range from approximately $30,000 to $80,000 or more.
  • Entry-level illustrators may earn around $30,000 to $50,000, while experienced and highly skilled illustrators with successful freelance careers or working with reputable companies can command higher salaries.


  • In India, the average annual salary for illustrators is generally lower than that in the USA. Entry-level illustrators may earn around INR 2,50,000 to INR 5,00,000.
  • Mid-level illustrators with more experience and proficiency may earn between INR 5,00,000 to INR 10,00,000 or more per year.

Future in Illustration

Becoming an illustrator is a challenging yet rewarding career path. With diligent work on developing your skills, building your portfolio, finding the right clients, and continually improving and advancing in your field, you can successfully earn a living as a professional illustrator. While the competition is fierce, the opportunities are abundant for those with artistic vision, original style, and persistence. 

If you have a passion for creating visual art and are willing to put in the necessary effort, then becoming an illustrator may be your ideal creative career choice. Start today by picking up a pencil or stylus and brushing up on your drawing skills. Build momentum by setting small, achievable goals and tackling them individually. 

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Illustrators are like magicians, using their artistic skills to bring ideas and stories to life in a visually captivating way! Becoming a successful illustrator requires continuous work and persistence. Build upon your skills, develop your personal illustration style, create a compelling portfolio, tap into new networks, keep diversifying, and stay passionate about your craft. While it can take time to establish yourself, with enough dedication, you can thrive as an illustrator. Keep learning, adapting, and promoting your unique talents – the opportunities are out there waiting to be pursued.

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About the Author

Technical Research Analyst - Full Stack Development

Riva is a Technical Research Analyst and Full Stack Developer with expertise in crafting web applications from inception to deployment. Proficient in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, React, Angular, MySQL, and MongoDB, she’s committed to enhancing user experiences through intuitive design and advanced technology.