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Exploring Scope of Managerial Economics

In this blog, we will explore the different parts of what managerial economics covers, how it’s used, and why it matters in the business world.

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What is Managerial Economics?

Managerial economics means using ideas from economics to make decisions in business. It’s about using economic thinking to solve problems in business. Managerial economics is a new subject that came about in the 1900s when smart people called economists saw that businesses had special problems when making choices. These problems couldn’t be solved using regular economic ideas. As time passed, managerial economics became its own area of study with its own knowledge and ways of analyzing things.

Managerial economics is the application of economic theory and principles to business decision-making. It helps managers understand and analyze the economic forces that affect their businesses, and to make informed decisions about pricing, production, investment, and other areas.

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What is the Scope of Managerial Economics?

What is the Scope of Managerial Economics

Managerial economics is a way to handle different business issues in companies. It’s connected to both small and big economic concepts. Here are some reasons why it’s important:

  • Demand Analysis and Forecasting: This part of business economics is all about figuring out how much people want to buy something and anticipating how much they’ll want to buy in the future. This helps make choices about how much to charge for the item, how much to make, and how to promote it.
  • Cost and Production Analysis: This part of business economics is about learning how much it costs to make things and what things make the costs go up or down. People can use this knowledge to decide how much to sell things for, how much to make, and how much stuff to keep in stock.
  • Pricing Decisions, Policies, and Practices: In simple words, this part of business economics is about deciding how much to charge for things you sell. It can be a bit tricky because you have to think about different things like how many people want it, how much it costs to make, and what other companies are doing.
  • Profit Management: This aspect of managerial economics revolves around maximizing profitability. To achieve this goal, you need to make important choices about product prices, production amounts, advertising plans, and other key business decisions.
  • Capital Management: This part of managerial economics is about getting and handling money. It involves deciding if we should borrow money, how to invest money, and how to deal with financial risks.

Besides these main topics, managerial economics also includes many other areas, such as the following:

  • Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: In the field of business management, this part of economics deals with making choices when we’re not sure about what might happen.
  • Game Theory: This area of managerial economics studies strategic interactions between decision-makers. 
  • Econometrics: In the field of managerial economics, people use math and numbers to study information about money.
Principle of Managerial Economics

A firm applies principles of economics to answer these questions. The first question is about:

  • What goods and services to produce and how much: The manager uses demand theory to choose what to produce. It examines consumer behavior in terms of:
  1. Type of goods and services they are likely to purchase in the current period and in the
  2. future, Goods and services that they may stop consuming
  3. Factors influencing the consumption of a particular good or service, and
    the effect of a change in these factors on the demand for that particular good or service.

Studying how consumers behave helps management decide on products. A company can choose to introduce new products or stop offering existing ones at any time. Knowing how demand changes with price helps a company set prices to make money. Demand forecasting helps determine how much of a product or service to make.

  • How to produce goods and services is the second basic question. It entails the selection of inputs and production procedures. Purchase decisions are made for things ranging from raw materials to capital equipment. Managers use production and cost analyses to guide their hiring, staffing, and input procurement. Using a PC network to automate clerical tasks made production more capital-intensive. Capital budgeting considerations are also a component of the second fundamental question. We can use project evaluation methods to allocate money for long-term investment projects.

Firms’ third basic question relates to the segmentation of the market. A firm has to decide:

  • For whom it should produce the goods and services. For example, it must determine whether to target the domestic or international markets. Another example of market segmentation is the production of a premium good. Different market types determine how prices and output are decided.

Because the business environment is complicated, people are focusing on making good decisions using economic methods. Since the economy always changes, managers need to regularly review their actions. In this situation, important ideas are how people buy things, how prices change demand, how we predict demand, how we analyze production and cost, how we study market structure, and how we plan investments.

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Career Options in Managerial Economics

Career Options in Managerial Economics

Managerial economics helps companies identify priorities and define objectives. Furthermore, it helps assess how well the company is doing now and suggests ways to improve. We’ve made a list of the top career choices you can make in managerial economics.

  • Management Consultant: Managerial Economics teaches you how to analyze tough business problems and make informed decisions. You will figure out how money-related things affect business tasks, how to decide on prices, and how the market works. This information is very helpful for giving smart advice to companies that want to improve efficiency, make money, and succeed.  
  • Financial Analyst: Your knowledge of Managerial Economics will enable you to analyze financial markets, study economic indicators, and interpret major economic trends. Knowing this information helps us make wise investment decisions, understand the impact of the economy on finances, and predict financial outcomes.
  • Data Scientist: Studying Managerial Economics helps you develop a solid foundation for working with numbers and critical thinking. You’ll learn how to work with big sets of information, make models that can predict things, and find important ideas. Using economic ideas to understand real information will make you stand out as a skilled data expert.
  • Research Analyst: Managerial Economics helps you learn how to do research. This means you can collect and study data to find answers to hard business questions. You can use these skills to figure out how people buy things, what’s happening in markets, and how industries are changing. The things you learn will help you give useful advice for making decisions in business.
  • Economics Professor: Your understanding of Managerial Economics will assist you in effectively teaching students about economic theories, decision-making, and business strategies. You’ll be really important in helping the next generation learn how economics affects business.
  • Business Analyst:  Learning Managerial Economics will help you get better at finding problems and solving them. You’ll learn how to see where things are not working well, make them better, and come up with good ideas to fix issues. You’ll also get good at understanding information and giving smart advice to help businesses grow and do well.
  • Market Research Analyst: With your understanding of Managerial Economics, you’ll excel in conducting comprehensive market research. You can study how consumers behave, find market trends, and give advice for marketing strategies, making products, and targeting.
  • Risk Analyst: Your knowledge of Managerial Economics will help you assess various economic and financial risks that organizations face. You’ll be able to analyze potential outcomes, evaluate the impact of uncertainty, and devise risk mitigation strategies to protect the business.
  • Supply Chain Analyst: Learning about Managerial Economics helps you understand how things are bought and sold, how much they cost to make, and why prices go up and down. This information is crucial for ensuring timely deliveries, managing inventory, and optimizing resource usage.
  • Operations Manager: By understanding Managerial Economics, you can optimize resource allocation, manage production processes, and make effective operational decisions. You’ll play a key role in streamlining operations, reducing costs, and enhancing overall efficiency.

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics says that jobs for managerial economists will grow by 7% from 2020 to 2030. This growth rate is similar to the average for all occupations. The demand for data-driven decision-making in businesses is increasing, driving growth.

A recent job analysis on Naukri.com shows various opportunities in managerial economics. These opportunities offer varying numbers of positions and have different median annual salaries. As of August 17, 2023, there are total 29,276 jobs for managerial economics below are some of demanding jobs in the country: 

JobNumber of JobsAverage Annual Salary
Management Consultant4,593+₹6,00,000 – ₹42,00,000 per year
Financial Analyst3,684+₹4,00,000 – ₹12,00,000 per year
Data scientist2,973+₹5,00,000 – ₹27,00,000 per year
Research Analyst2,562+₹3,00,000 – ₹11,00,000 per year
Economics Professor841+₹8,00,000 – ₹30,00,000 per year
Business Analyst2,253+₹3,00,000 – ₹15,00,000 per year
Market Research Analyst1,982+₹2,50,000 – ₹8,60,000 per year
Risk Analyst1,841+₹3,50,000 – ₹18,00,000 per year
Supply Chain Analyst1,762+₹3,00,000 – ₹14,00,000 per year
Operations Manager1,672+₹4,00,000 – ₹19,00,000 per year

These are a few of the many career options available to those with a degree in managerial economics. Managerial economics helps you learn how to solve problems and make decisions, which can get you ready for exciting and well-paying jobs in business.

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Managerial Economics at a Glance

Managerial economics applies economic principles to help shape business decisions. It’s like a toolbox that managers can use to make better choices for their businesses. These choices cover a wide range of things such as pricing, sales strategies, finance, and personnel.

Employing managerial economics can benefit businesses across diverse sectors. It facilitates improved decision-making, enhanced revenue generation, and a competitive edge over rivals. The business world is becoming more complex. This means there is a greater need for people who understand managerial economics.

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