What is Ruby on Rails? | Intellipaat Blog

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What is Ruby on Rails
Updated on 07th Aug, 23 10 K Views

This blog will take you on a journey through the exciting world of Ruby on Rails. You’ll learn what it is, how it works, and why it’s become such a popular choice for web developers. We’ll also explore some of its most powerful features, including its active record pattern, MVC architecture, and powerful libraries and plugins.

So, if you’re ready to dive into the exciting world of Ruby on Rails, grab your coffee and let’s get started!

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What is Ruby on Rails?

Ruby on Rails is a powerful, efficient, and user-friendly framework for building websites and web applications. With its focus on convention over configuration, MVC architecture, and library of gems, it has become a popular choice among developers worldwide.

It is also known as Rails, is a web development framework that helps simplify the process of building dynamic and interactive websites and web applications.

It is based on the Ruby programming language, which is known for its user-friendly syntax and ease of use. With Rails, developers can create a website or web application with less code, making the process faster and more efficient. This means that projects can be completed more quickly, with less room for error.

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One of the key features of Ruby on Rails is its focus on “convention over configuration.” This means that there are standardized ways of doing things in Rails that make it easier for developers to work on projects together. Instead of spending time figuring out the best way to do something, developers can follow the established conventions and get straight to work building the website or application.

Another important aspect is its MVC (Model, View, Controller) architecture. This separates the data, presentation, and control aspects of a website or application, making it easier to maintain and update over time.

Rails also has a vast library of plugins, known as gems, that can be easily added to a project to provide additional functionality. These gems, created by the Rails community, range from authentication and authorization to image processing and payment processing.

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What is Ruby on Rails Used For?

What is Ruby on Rails Used For?

Whether you’re building a simple website or a complex web application, it is a great option to consider. It is used by individuals and businesses of all sizes, from small startups to large enterprises.

So, what exactly can you build with Rails? The possibilities are endless, but some popular examples include:

  • E-commerce websites:

Rails is well-suited for building online stores, as it makes it easy to manage product listings, shopping carts, and checkout processes.

  • Social media platforms:

Rails have the capability to build social media networks, where users can connect, share information, and interact with one another.

  • Content management systems (CMS):

Rails can be used to create custom content management systems for websites, blogs, or other types of online content.

  • Project management tools:

Rails can be used to build project management tools, where teams can collaborate and keep track of their work.

  • News and media websites:

Rails can be used to build news and media websites, where users can access articles, videos, and other types of content.

Ruby on Rails Architecture

Ruby on Rails Architecture

Ruby on Rails has a unique architecture that sets it apart from other web development frameworks. This architecture called the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture, is designed to make it easier for developers to build and maintain complex web applications.

This MVC architecture helps to separate the different components of the application, making it easier to understand, maintain, and improve. For example, if you need to change the way the data is displayed, you can make the changes in the view without affecting the model or the controller. This makes the development process smoother and more efficient.

Here’s a brief explanation of each component of the MVC architecture:

  • Model:

The model is responsible for managing the data of your application. It interacts with the database and retrieves the data that will be displayed in the view.

  • View:

The view is what the user sees on the website. It displays the data retrieved from the model in a visually appealing way, using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

  • Controller:

The controller is the glue that connects the model and the view. It retrieves data from the model, processes it, and passes it on to the view to be displayed. It also handles user interactions, such as submitting forms and communicates with the model to update the data.

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Ruby vs Ruby on Rails

Ruby vs Ruby on Rails

Ruby is a general-purpose programming language that was created in the mid-1990s. It is known for its user-friendly syntax and object-oriented design, as well as its dynamic typing.

Ruby on Rails, on the other hand, is a web development framework built using the Ruby programming language. It was created to simplify the process of building dynamic and interactive websites and web applications.

Apart from the definitions, Ruby and Rails do have their own differences. We have discussed a few below:

DifferencesRubyRuby on Rails
DefinitionA programming language   A web development framework    
PurposeGeneral-purpose programming           Building dynamic and interactive websites and web applications    
Key Features           User-friendly syntax, Object-Oriented, Dynamic TypingConvention over Configuration, MVC Architecture, a vast library of plugins (gems)  
Use Cases     Standalone applications, scripts, game developmentE-commerce websites, social media platforms, CMS, project management tools, news and media websites    

Ruby on Rails Limitations

Ruby on Rails Limitations

Despite the below listed limitations, Ruby on Rails is still a popular choice for web development, especially for small to medium-sized projects. By understanding these limitations, developers can make informed decisions about whether or not Rails is the right choice for their project.

  • Performance:

While Rails has improved in terms of performance over the years, it can still be slow for applications with a large amount of data or heavy traffic. This is due to the framework’s architecture and its use of the Ruby programming language.

  • Steep Learning Curve:

Rails can be difficult to learn, especially for those who are new to web development. The framework has a lot of conventions and best practices that must be followed, which can make the learning curve steep.

  • Limited Scalability:

Rails is not as scalable as some other web development frameworks, such as Node.js. This can be a problem for large applications that need to handle a lot of traffic or a large amount of data.

  • Memory Bloat:

Rails is known for consuming a lot of memory, which can slow down applications and make them less efficient.

  • Dependence on Gems:

Rails relies heavily on gems, which are plugins that add functionality to the framework. While this can make development easier, it can also lead to compatibility issues and other problems if not managed carefully.

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Ruby on Rails is a fantastic framework for building web applications that can bring your ideas to life. However, like any tool, it has its limitations, such as performance and scalability issues, a steep learning curve, memory bloat, and dependence on gems. With Ruby on Rails, the possibilities for your next web application are endless!

If you’re interested in learning more about Ruby on Rails, we encourage you to keep learning and exploring its capabilities. And if you have any questions or doubts along the way, our community page is here to help. Simply drop your queries and we’ll answer them quickly so that you can continue to grow your knowledge and skills.

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