What is Web Development
Updated on 20th Jan, 24 9.3K Views

Technology plays an integral part in our day-to-day lives. It surrounds us in the simplest of places to perform ordinary tasks and make room for great inventions. All the web pages and software that we use to make our lives easier are developed by Web Developers. However, the Web Development meaning is still not clear to many of us, so let’s start there and learn more about what Web Development is.

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In the process of Web Development, Developers build web pages and applications for either the Intranet, a private network, or the Internet. It does not necessarily focus on a website’s design; rather, it is majorly concerned with the programming and coding part, which is the main reason for the functioning of the website.

It refers to developing and maintaining web pages, including bits and pieces of concepts like web design, web programming, web publishing, and database management. Further, it includes various types of web development tools and techniques such as text editors for manually coding the websites, Dreamweaver for developing a web page, using a blogging website to update blogs and more.

From basic and simple websites to complex web applications and social media platforms and from numerous online shopping web pages to even content management systems (CMS), all the online tools and websites that we use regularly are part of Web Development. Besides, all these tools and websites are built by Web Developers.

This blog includes the topics mentioned below:

You can learn Web Development basics, along with advanced concepts, by taking up one of the best online Web Development courses.

In this blog on ‘What is Web Development?’ let’s find out the various platforms that you can use in this domain.

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Web Development Platforms

In the world we live in today, rather than being a trend, a website is a necessity. No matter how small or how big an organization is, to survive and succeed in this era of digitization, making a website and reaching out to the crowd using online methods are necessary. These days, people are also building their web pages to share information or their personal experience with others. Some of the most popular website development platforms include:

Web Development Platforms


WordPress is among the most influential web development platforms used to design web pages. It comprises 62 different programming languages, which allows people to easily understand and use it. It is a free web page that offers various options for web hosting. Moreover, it includes numerous customization options, templates, etc., allowing users to build personalized web pages on this platform.


Wix is another amazing and popular web building platform used commonly. It allows you to choose from a wide range of features and layouts available on the website in just some clicks. It is a user-friendly and self-explanatory platform that allows you to build your blog, along with online shopping stores.

Its drag-and-drop feature allows even new users to use this website without any hassle. Also, in Wix, you can choose a blank template and create your page from scratch. Besides, it also offers a free storage plan, along with limited bandwidth. If necessary, you can also opt for the Wix premium plan based on your requirements.


Weebly is one of the most convenient platforms for web development. It consists of the drag-and-drop functionality that allows users to build a well-designed web page. It also includes an app store for the users to add and update new features to their web pages easily.

Similar to Wix, it helps move elements efficiently and adds various features to the website when required. But, users can add these functionalities only to those areas on the web page that are predetermined such as the footer of the web page and the main area of content. Further, the users can also switch in-between templates an ample number of times to get the perfect look for the website they are creating.


Jimdo is another name on the list of trending Web Development platforms. It allows you to build your website in a hassle-free manner. This web page creator platform is based on templates using which you can develop attractive, attention-grabbing, and responsive web pages with little or no programming skills and knowledge. It supports all types of businesses including e-commerce capabilities, portfolio options, and many more.

It has a wide range of options and features especially for new users to choose from. Editing color, background, or font is easy and can be done with a few simple clicks and drags. These templates help you design personalized websites for your use and purpose. To change the outlook of your web page, you can switch the templates while retaining your work.

You will now come across some of the popular and common tools used in Web Development.

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To build functioning websites efficiently and easily, there are various tools that Web Developers can use. These tools allow them to build well-functioning websites with friendly user interfaces. Some of the widely used Web Development tools are as follows:

  • GitHub
  • Sass
  • CodePen
  • AngularJS
  • TypeScript
  • Sketch
  • JQuery
  • Sublime Text
  • Bootstrap
  • Grunt
  • Chrome DevTools
  • NPM
  • Visual Studio Code

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Web Development Technologies

To learn ‘What is Web Development?’ in-depth, you need to understand and have knowledge of the technologies used in Web Development. Below are some of the most common Web Development technologies that every Web Developer should learn to work with:

  • HTML
  • Browsers
  • Programming languages
  • CSS
  • Frameworks
  • Databases
  • Libraries
  • Servers
  • Clients
  • Frontend Development
  • Backend Development
  • Protocols
  • Data formats
  • API
Web Development Technologies

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Web Development Frameworks

Web Development frameworks are created by Developers to make it easier to develop and work with various programming languages. These frameworks remove all the redundant and difficult tasks that are involved in the process of setting up a web page. The frameworks either do the tasks themselves or make it easier for Developers to complete those tasks.

Below are a few frameworks that Web Developers generally use:

  • Node.js: A JavaScript framework for server-side
  • Ruby on Rails: A full-stack framework developed with the help of Ruby
  • Ionic: A mobile framework
  • Django: A full-stack framework developed in Python
  • Bootstrap: A user interface (UI) framework to develop using CSS/HTML/JavaScript
  • Cordova/PhoneGap: A mobile framework used to expose native Android and iOS APIs to use while writing JavaScript
  • WordPress: A CMS developed on PHP
  • .NET: A full-stack framework developed by Microsoft
  • Foundation: A UI framework used to build with JavaScript/CSS/HTML
  • Angular.js, Backbone.js, and Ember.js: Front-end JavaScript frameworks
  • Drupal: A CMS framework developed using PHP

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Web Development Languages

Programming languages are used to communicate with other systems and computers and give them necessary instructions. Developers have a plethora of languages to choose from to do the same. Some of these languages are given below:

  • Python
  • Java
  • Ruby
  • JavaScript
  • Go
  • CoffeeScript
  • PHP
  • Swift
  • Objective-C

Among these, Java Web Development and PHP Web Development are the most frequently used when compared to the others.

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3 Layers of Web Development

The Web Development process can broadly be defined in the following three layers:

  • Frontend Web Development
  • Backend Web Development
  • Full Stack Web Development
Web Development Layers

Frontend Web Development

This type of Web Development helps convert information and available data into a graphical user interface using CSS, HTML, and JavaScript such that users can easily interact with the provided interface. It deals with the part of the website that users can see and easily comprehend.

For instance, on your browser, you as a user see and interact with the website’s front end. It consists of all the things that you can view and experience directly, including colors, text, images, buttons, etc.

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Backend Web Development

The backend part of any web page is the portion that users don’t or can’t see. It is the backbone of the website. Users cannot see it, but it is the part responsible for the functioning of the website. It allows developers to store and organize data, as well as ensures the proper working and functioning of everything available on the front end or the client side.

The backend portion interacts with the frontend part of the web page by sending and receiving data that is shown live on the website. When users enter some data, fill out forms, or purchase something, the browser sends that request to the backend (the server-side) which, in turn, sends back the data as frontend code for the web page to comprehend, interpret, and make it visible for you.

Full Stack Web Development

Full Stack development is the combined development of the frontend and the backend of a web page. It includes the development of the graphics and design of the web page, along with managing the database for data organization and storage.

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Future Scope of Web Development

With technologies like Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Data Science, and more rising day by day in terms of need and use, they can immensely help in the field of Web Development, thereby increasing the opportunities for Web Developers. No matter what requirements change the future holds, Web Developer Skills will always be in demand. Web Development offers some of the most secure and promising careers that you can opt for with numerous job opportunities available.


In this blog, you learned about ‘What is Web Development?’ and all the requirements needed to build a web page. You also came across various types and layers of Web Development. To learn the necessary skills and become a professional in this field, you can also register for a Web Development course with benefits like online support and job assistance. Also, have a look at our blog on Data Science vs Web development to learn more.

To clear your doubts about Web Development, you can refer to our Web Technology Community!

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