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What are the Containers in Cloud Computing
Updated on 21st Apr, 23 35 Views

Earlier, cloud applications were OS-dependent (Operating System). You couldn’t easily move your application from one cloud or service provider to another, even if you hosted it remotely. Containers have transformed the application development processes.

We’ll dig more into the topic to help you understand all about Containers.

We’ll explore the following aspects in this article:

To gain better insights about Cloud Computing, you must have a look at this visual explanation by Intellipaat

What is a Container?

Containers are a form of operating system virtualization that allow applications and their dependencies to run in isolated environments. Containers provide an efficient and lightweight alternative to traditional virtual machines, as they share the host operating system and resources while providing isolated environments for each container.

Containers work by encapsulating an application and its dependencies into a single package, including the application code, runtime, libraries, and system tools. This allows Containers to run consistently across different platforms and environments, without being affected by differences in operating systems, libraries, or other dependencies.

The four stages of standard container management are-

What is a Container?
  1. Image Creation: The first stage is to create a container image, which is a blueprint of the application and its dependencies. This image can be stored in a centralized repository for later use.
  2. Container Deployment: The next stage is to deploy the container image to a host, where it can be run as an isolated environment.
  3. Container Management: The third stage is to manage the running Containers, including monitoring, scaling, and updating.
  4. Container Retirement: The final stage is to retire Containers that are no longer needed, either because the application has been decommissioned or because a new version of the application has been deployed.

During these stages, container orchestration tools, such as Kubernetes or Docker Swarm, can be used to automate and manage the deployment and management of Containers, making the process more efficient and scalable.

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Use Cases of Containers in Cloud Computing

Containers have various applications in software development and deployment. Here are some of the most typical container usage cases, in detail:

  1. Application development and testing: Containers are an excellent approach to creating and testing programs in a repeatable and consistent environment. Developers may create containers with the required dependencies and libraries that can be used to develop, test, and debug their apps.
  2. Microservices: Containers are ideal for microservices architecture, which entails dividing an application into tiny, independent services that can be created, deployed, and scaled separately. Containers allow microservices to be readily packaged and deployed across diverse environments, making individual services easier to maintain and expand.
  3. Cloud-native applications: Containers are an important component of cloud-native applications, which are designed to run in a cloud environment and take advantage of cloud-based services such as auto-scaling, load balancing, and microservices. Containers are used to bundle the program and its dependencies, which can then be deployed on any cloud platform that supports containerization.
  4. DevOps: Containers are an important aspect of DevOps, which is a software development methodology that emphasizes collaboration, automation, and continuous delivery. Containers make it simpler to design, test, and deploy apps in a consistent and repeatable manner, which is critical for DevOps operations.
  5. Hybrid cloud deployments: Containers can be used to develop hybrid cloud deployments, which entail executing an application across different cloud environments, such as public and private clouds. Containers provide the movement of applications between environments, which can be beneficial for disaster recovery, load balancing, and cost optimization.
  6. Legacy application modernization: By packaging legacy applications into containers and delivering them on contemporary infrastructure, containers may be used to modernize outdated applications. This strategy can assist organizations in utilizing current technologies such as cloud computing and microservices without having to rework their old systems.

Check out this Cloud Computing Tutorial to enhance your Knowledge!

Pros of Containers

A developer’s local laptop, an on-premises data center, or even the cloud can all be used as environments for Containers, which simplify the building, testing, deployment, and redeployment of programs. The benefits of using Containers include:


One of your apps, along with the appropriate versions of any necessary supporting software, is contained in a container. Because various Containers are completely independent of one another, it doesn’t matter if they contain programs that need various versions of the same supporting software.

This also implies that as you progress through the many phases of your development lifecycle, you can be completely certain that any image you design will function perfectly when it goes through testing.


By utilizing the portability and performance benefits offered by Containers, you may improve the responsiveness and agility of your development process. If you enhance your continuous integration and continuous delivery procedures to make use of Containers and technologies like Visual COBOL Development Hub, it will be simpler for you to deploy the proper software at the appropriate time.


Your containerized application will function just as it did during testing if you deploy it to any other system with a compatible container engine running.


Although virtual machines are an alternative to Containers. Containers have significantly smaller footprints, start quickly, and have a faster creation process. Virtual machines contain an operating system while Containers do not.

Go through these Cloud Computing Interview Questions And Answers to excel in your Interview.


Containerization is a technique for bundling a program with all of its dependencies into a single container-like package. The container may then be routinely used in development, testing, and production computing environments without experiencing any problems.

Because containers include everything a program needs to function, including code, libraries, system tools, and settings, they offer a compact and effective approach to packaging and distributing software applications. As a result, managing dependencies, ensuring consistency across many environments, and hastening and reliably deploying apps are all made easier.

For instance, you had to put the Windows version of a software program on a Windows computer. The creation of a single software package, or container, that works with multiple platforms and operating systems is possible thanks to containerization.

Containerization is a method of packaging software applications and their dependencies into Containers that can be easily deployed and run on different computing environments.

Advantages of Containerization include-

  • Portability: Containers can be easily moved from one platform to another, without the need for extensive modification or testing.
  • Scalability: Containers can be easily scaled up or down, depending on the requirements of the application.
  • Improved Resource Utilization: Containers allow for better utilization of resources, as each container runs in its own isolated environment.
  • Improved Security: Containers provide an isolated environment for applications, reducing the risk of security breaches and ensuring that one application does not affect the other.
  • Improved Development Workflow: Containerization allows developers to work in isolated environments, reducing the risk of conflicts and improving collaboration.

How are Containers different from Virtual Machines?

CountVirtual MachinesContainers
1Instead of installing the software directly on the computer, a Virtual Machine (VM) lets you install other software inside of it, giving you virtual control over the computer.A container is a piece of software that permits an application’s various features to be used independently.
2VM systems allow for the use of several OSes by applications. However, an OS is shared by all apps executing in a container context. The computer system is virtualized via VM.  Containers just virtualize the operating system.
3The size of the VM is huge.The container is only a few gigabytes in size.
4Because of their size, VMs take a long time to run.Whereas running Containers takes a short while.
5VM offers high security.Containers are less secure.

Container orchestration

The automation of container deployment, scaling, and administration is referred to as container orchestration. It offers an effective and scalable method of managing complicated applications by managing and coordinating numerous Containers.

Tools for container orchestration include:

  1. Kubernetes
  2. Docker Swarm
  3. Apache Mesos
  4. Amazon Elastic Container Service (ECS)

Career Transition


Beyond application development and testing, businesses have progressively increased the production deployment of container software, especially Kubernetes. The majority of enterprises now place a greater focus on container orchestration. As a result, Container software has become more widely used in a number of IT fields, including security, networking, and storage.

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