In this blog, we’ll explore further the intriguing world of EVs and look ahead to an exciting future. So buckle up and get ready to take a ride into the future of electric vehicles!
Given below are the following topics we are going to discuss in detail:
Watch this course introductory video for more information about the EV Course
Future Scope of Electric Vehicles
According to The Hindu, by the time we reach 2035, 80% of two-wheelers and three-wheelers, 100% of buses, and 30% to 70% of cars would be electric in India. Electric mobility is receiving funding and attention as the nation moves toward its 2075 objective of zero emissions.
Each year, India purchases crude oil for about 7 lakh billion rupees. This is expected to treble during the next three to four years.
We are required to bear the burden of our overwhelming reliance on fossil fuels in order to address climate change. India has been focusing on alternative and efficient energy sources, much like its foreign counterparts.
Contrary to popular belief, India’s adoption of electric vehicles has a very bright future. Reduced manufacturing and operating costs are a result of the groundbreaking EV technologies that have been developed in India and throughout the world, as well as the dedication to distributing these innovations for the benefit of everybody.
Here are some of the key factors that will or may influence the future of Electric vehicles:
1. Technological developments
Technological developments are one of the most important variables that will influence the future of EVs. EV technology is still advancing, with areas like battery technology, charging infrastructure, and vehicle economy still having space for development. We should expect more economical, efficient, and dependable EVs with longer ranges and faster charging times as technology progresses.
2. Government rules
Government rules will also have an impact on the future of EVs. Governments throughout the world are taking initiatives to cut emissions and battle climate change, and several have implemented regulations to encourage the use of electric vehicles. Some nations, for example, provide tax credits, refunds, or other incentives to EV customers, whilst others have established objectives for the proportion of EVs on the road.
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3. Infrastructure development
Another important aspect influencing the future of EVs is infrastructure development. More charging stations, particularly fast-charging stations, along highways and key routes will be required to facilitate the broad adoption of EVs. We may also anticipate cities implementing more EV-friendly rules, such as dedicated EV parking and access to HOV lanes.
4. Consumer demand
Consumer demand is an important aspect of the success of EVs. We should expect greater demand for EVs as more people become aware of their benefits, such as cheaper operating costs and lower emissions. Furthermore, as more manufacturers launch EV models, buyers will have more options, and the cost of EVs is likely to fall.
5. Battery innovation
Lastly, battery technology is an important issue that will influence the future of EVs. Batteries are an important component of EVs, and advances in battery technology may result in greater ranges, shorter charging times, and reduced costs. Much research is being conducted to produce new types of batteries, such as solid-state batteries, that may be more efficient and last longer than existing lithium-ion batteries.
Looking forward to kickstart your career in the evolving field, then enroll in Intellipaat’s Electric Vehicle Course to grow as a professional in this sector.
Types of Electric Vehicles
Discussing the types of electric vehicles, there are four types.
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV):
These are entirely electric vehicles. These vehicles have only rechargeable battery packs as their power supply.
To refuel, these vehicles connect to an electrical outlet.
There is no requirement for a backup power source with an electric scale of 240–495 km.
Example models of BEV: Tesla, Nissan, Hyundai, Kia, and MG.
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV):
An internal combustion engine (ICE) and an electric drive system are combined to create a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV).
The engine is designed to get higher fuel efficiency than a regular automobile.
These vehicles lack a rechargeable plug.
Examples of HEV models: Ford Fusion Hybrid, Ford Escape Hybrid, Peugeot 508 RXH HYbrid4, and Toyota Prius
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV):
A battery and a conventional internal combustion engine are both included in plug-in hybrid electric cars.
In contrast to hybrid electric cars, the battery has to be maintained, and can typically cover a distance between 20 to 60 kilometers on pure electricity.
The Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, which has an estimated distance of 585 km and a battery-powered electric range of 56 km, is available through membership.
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV):
A fuel cell vehicle (FCEV) is an electric car that uses a fuel cell to power its internal electric motor, often in combination with small batteries or ultracapacitors. As fuel cells only emit heat and water, the vast majority of them are regarded as zero-emission automobiles.
Future of Electric Vehicles in the Automotive Industry
The necessity for human drivers is reduced by self-driving or autonomous cars, which appear ready to revolutionize daily transportation. Innovative recognition technology used in EVs enables them to recognize things on the road and successfully avoid crashes. These technologies, according to researchers, have the potential to significantly reduce traffic accidents brought on by human weariness or ignorance.
The general deployment of self-driving cars is still a ways off, despite the fact that numerous automakers have been testing them for the past five years. However, with the advent of autonomous vehicles that can do tasks like hands-free parking, we are starting to witness the initial stages of this groundbreaking initiative.
Though they are not an especially new trend, electric cars (EVs) are swiftly rising to the top of the automotive market worldwide. The United States has set a target of a 50% share of the market for EVs by 2030, while worldwide sales of electric vehicles reached historic heights in 2021. Due to the urgent need to fulfill global sustainability goals, the market for electric and hybrid vehicles is growing quickly.
The main advantage of electric vehicles is the contribution they may make to enhancing urban air quality and lowering the consumption of fossil fuels. When driving, fully electric vehicles emit no carbon dioxide, significantly lowering air pollution. Electric cars will soon be more widely available and more cheaply priced as environmental concerns continue to increase and the US government moves through with its ambitious 2030 Net-Zero targets.
Working of an Electric Vehicle (EV)
Electric automobiles, like smartphones and tablets, their working rely on lithium-ion batteries for electricity, which are replenished by connecting to the electric grid. While a depleted EV may fully charge overnight in your garage, an internal combustion car might need to make a pit stop at the gas station once or twice every week to refill.
The battery pack of an electric vehicle normally consists of several smaller modules, each of which contains thousands of individual battery packs. These cells’ stored energy is directed toward a traction generator, which transforms DC power into AC power to drive the car’s specialist motor.
Instead of employing a combustion engine’s multispeed transmission, a compact electric vehicle (EV) gearbox delivers adequate power across a broad range of speeds allowing the car to accelerate swiftly with just one gear.
This implies that the total electric powertrain only has around 1% of the moving components. As a result, maintenance needs are significantly diminished. EVs produce far less energy (as well as pollutants) due to the absence of a gasoline engine and the connected exhaust system, which permits innovative powertrain packing and frequently adds extra storage space under the hood of the vehicle.
Future Benefits of Electric Vehicles
Electric Vehicles provide several benefits, such as:
- Governmental support
- Zero transportation fees
- Decreased Noise Pollution
- Enhanced resale value
- Less polluted environment
- Less expensive operation
- Tariffs for renewable energy
- More efficiency in driving
The future of electric vehicles is bright and growing. Electric vehicles consist of electric motors which are more efficient than internal combustion engines as electric motors do not release any pollutants that can harm the environment. Electric vehicles will incite crucial changes in the Indian automobile market, and their growing adoption will lead to more futuristic business models.
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