Various Tax Implications for Salaried Employees in India 2023

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Various Tax Implications for Salaried Employees in India- 2023
Updated on 06th Aug, 23 7.3 K Views

Tax implications play a significant role in the financial lives of individuals. Being aware of them is essential to maintaining compliance with the law and optimizing one’s finances. Taxation encompasses various aspects, including income tax, deductions, exemptions, and allowances, which impact salaried employees in India. 

Understanding the nuances of these tax implications is crucial to effectively managing personal finances, maximizing savings, and planning for the future.

In this blog, we will help you navigate the complex world of taxes in a simple and accessible manner.

Table of Contents

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What is Income Tax Slab?

What is Income Tax Slab

The income tax slab refers to categorizing individuals based on their annual taxable income and determining the tax rates applicable to them. In India, the income tax slabs are structured progressively. Tax rates increase with higher income brackets.

The slabs are defined by the government and revised periodically. Each slab has a corresponding tax rate. Individuals fall into a particular slab based on their income range. 

They can assess their tax due and make financial plans based on it. Several deductions and exemptions are also available to lower the taxable income further and optimize tax payments.

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Types of Taxable Income in India

Types of Taxable Income in India

In India, taxable income is categorized into different types. Understanding these types is crucial for individuals to determine their tax liability accurately. Here are the key types of taxable income in India:

  1. Salary Income
  • Salary income refers to the income received by an individual from their employer in exchange for their services.
  • It includes the basic salary, allowances (house rent allowance, travel allowance), bonuses, commissions, and perquisites.
  • Some common perquisites include company-provided accommodation, car facilities, club memberships, or medical reimbursements.
  • Employers deduct tax at source (TDS) from the salary based on the applicable tax slab rates.
  1. Income from House Property
  • Income from house property includes the rental income earned by an individual from a property they own.
  • This income is taxable even if the vacant property is not rented out.
  • The taxable income is calculated by deducting municipal taxes paid and a standard deduction of 30% from the rental income.
  • Additionally, individuals can claim a deduction on the interest paid on a housing loan for the property.
  1. Income from Business or Profession
  • Income from business or profession refers to the income generated by individuals engaged in business activities, trade, or a specific profession.
  • It includes self-employment income, partnership earnings, proprietorships, or consultancy fees.
  • Individuals engaged in business or profession must maintain books of accounts and file income tax returns accordingly.
  • Expenses incurred for business or profession can be deducted from the gross income to arrive at the taxable income.
  1. Capital Gains
  • Capital gains arise when an individual sells a capital asset at a profit, such as property, stocks, mutual funds, or gold.
  • The asset’s holding period determines whether the capital gain is classified as short-term or long-term.
  • Short-term capital gains are taxed at higher rates compared to long-term capital gains.
  • Certain exemptions or deductions may apply to reduce the taxable amount, such as investing in specified capital gains bonds or utilizing the capital gains to purchase another property.
  1. Income from Other Sources
  • Income from other sources includes income that does not fall under any specific category mentioned above.
  • It encompasses various sources, such as interest earned from savings accounts, fixed deposits, bonds, or dividends received from investments.
  • Lottery winnings, gifts exceeding specified limits, and income from hobbies or freelance work also fall under this category.
  • Deductions and exemptions applicable to income from other sources are limited compared to other income types.

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Income Tax Slabs for FY 2023–24 Under the New Tax Regime

The Government of India has recently announced changes to the income tax slabs in the new tax regime through the 2023 budget. These modifications aim to make it more appealing for individual taxpayers. Effective April 1, 2023, the revised income tax slabs will apply for the financial year 2023–24. The basic exemption limit has been increased to Rs 3 lakh from Rs 2.5 lakh. 

Here are the updated income tax slabs under the new tax regime:

  • Income up to Rs 3,00,000 is exempt from tax.
  • Income between Rs 3,00,001 and Rs 6,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 5%.
  • Income between Rs 6,00,001 and Rs 9,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 10%.
  • Income between Rs 9,00,001 and Rs 12,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 15%.
  • Income between Rs 12,00,001 and Rs 15,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 20%.
  • Income above Rs 15,00,001 is taxed at the highest rate of 30%.

Tax Implications of Investing

The tax implications of investing differ based on the type of investment and the duration of holding. Short-term capital gains (STCG) are taxed at your ordinary income tax rate, while long-term capital gains (LTCG) are subject to a lower tax rate. Dividends are also taxed differently, depending on whether they are qualified or not.

Tax Implications of Selling Stocks

When selling stocks, capital gains tax may apply, determined by the holding period and your income tax bracket. Stocks held for less than 36 months are subject to short-term capital gains tax at your ordinary income tax rate, while those held for more than 36 months incur long-term capital gains tax at a reduced rate.

Tax Implications of Dividends

Regarding dividends, they are generally taxed at your ordinary income tax rate. However, resident Indian investors receiving dividends from foreign companies might qualify for a partial exemption from taxes.

Tax Implications of Retirement Savings

For retirement savings, India offers various tax-advantaged plans such as the Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Pension System (NPS), and Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF). These plans provide different levels of tax relief on retirement savings.

Tax Implications of Real Estate

In real estate investments, tax implications vary based on the investment type and holding period. Capital gains on residential property sales are taxed at a higher rate compared to commercial property sales. Additional taxes like stamp duty, property tax, and capital gains tax may also apply to real estate investments.

Income Tax Slabs for FY 2023–24 Under the Old Tax Regime

No changes have been announced in the income tax slabs for the old tax regime in the Union Budget 2023–24. Individuals who opt for the old tax regime will continue calculating their income tax payable using the same tax rates as in the previous financial year (FY 2022–23). The basic exemption limit varies based on an individual’s age and residency status.

Individuals who are younger than 60 years old have a consistent basic exemption limit of Rs 2.5 lakh. Senior citizens, who are aged 60 years and above but below 80 years, are entitled to a basic exemption limit of Rs 3 lakh. For super senior citizens, who are 80 years old and above, the basic exemption limit is even higher at Rs 5 lakh. Non-resident individuals have a basic exemption limit of Rs 2.5 lakh regardless of age.

Here are the income tax slabs for individuals under the old tax regime for FY 2023–24:

Income tax slabs for individuals (below 60 years):

The income tax slabs for individuals below 60 years of age in India
  • Income up to Rs 2,50,000 is exempt from tax.
  • Income between Rs 2,50,001 and Rs 5,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 5%.
  • Income between Rs 5,00,001 and Rs 10,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 20%.
  • Income above Rs 10,00,001 is taxed at the highest rate of 30%.

Income tax slabs for senior citizens (aged 60 years and above but below 80 years):

The income tax slabs for senior citizens aged 60 years and above but below 80 years in India
  • Income up to Rs 3,00,000 is exempt from tax.
  • Income between Rs 3,00,001 and Rs 5,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 5%.
  • Income between Rs 5,00,001 and Rs 10,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 20%.
  • Income above Rs 10,00,001 is taxed at the highest rate of 30%.

Income tax slabs for super senior citizens (aged 80 years and above):

Income tax slabs for super senior citizens (aged 80 years and above):
  • Income up to Rs 5,00,000 is exempt from tax.
  • Income between Rs 5,00,001 and Rs 10,00,000 is taxed at a rate of 20%.
  • Income above Rs 10,00,001 is taxed at the highest rate of 30%.

Conclusion

In conclusion, understanding the income tax slabs and various types of taxable income in India is crucial for salaried employees in 2023. Familiarizing oneself with the income tax slabs for both the new and old tax regimes for FY 2023–24 is essential for accurate tax calculations. 

Individuals can plan their finances and optimize their tax payments by staying informed about these tax implications. Whether under the new or old tax regime, by acquiring knowledge in this area, individuals can confidently navigate the tax landscape and ensure compliance with the law while managing their finances effectively.

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