Array is a collection of homogeneous elements that is similar types of elements which are stored in contiguous memory location. In array you can store only fixed set of elements. Array is a index based data structure.
Index of First Element = 0
Index of Last Element = n-1
Where n is the size of array.
 
Types of Array:
There are two types of array:

  • One Dimensional Array
  • Multi Dimensional Array

 
1. One Dimensional Array
oned array
 
Declaration:

Datatype [] Array_name;
Or Datatype Array_name[];

 e.g.

int []i;
or int i[];

 
Instantiation

Array_name=new Daatatype[size of Array];

 e.g.

i= new int[6];

You can do declaration and instantiation together as follows:-

int i[] = new int[6];

 
Example of one dimensional Array

class Intellipaatarray{
public static void main(String args[]){
int i[]=new int[6]; //declaration and instantiation together
i[0]=10;//initialization
i[1]=20;
i[2]=30;
i[3]=40;
i[4]=50;
i[5]=60;
// int i[]={10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60}; declaration, instantiation and initialization
for(int k=0;i<i.length; k++)
{
System.out.println(i[k]+”\n”);  //print array
}
}
}

Output
10
20
30
40
50
60
 
2. Multi Dimensional Array
 Generally two dimensional array is used in which data is stored in the form of row and column i.e is in matrix form.
Declaration:

Datatype [][]Array_name;
Or Datatype Array_name[][];

e.g.

int [][]i;
or int i[][];

Instantiation

Array_name=new Datatatype[number of rows][number of Columns];
i=new int[2][2];//2 row and 2 column

You can do declaration and instantiation together as follows:-

int i[][] = new int[2][2];

Example of two dimensional Array

class Intellipaatclass{
public static void main(String args[]){
int i[][]={{1,2},{3,4}};  //declaring and initializing 2D array
for(int i=0;i<2;i++){
for(int j=0;j<2;j++){
System.out.print(arr[i][j]+" ");
}
System.out.println(“\n”);
}
}
}

Output
1   2
3   4
 
Passing Array to Method
You can pass the array to the method so that you can use again the similar logic on any array.
Syntax

Method_name(Array_name);

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