In this blog, we will cover the following topics:
What is Cyber Security?
Cyber Security is a domain and body of knowledge consisting of technologies, practices, and processes to secure networks, systems, devices, and data from cyber threats, cyberattacks, and unauthorized access. Sometimes, cyber security is also referred to as information technology security; the professionals specializing in this domain are known as cyber security experts.
Cyber Security has become one of the highly sought-after careers all over the world. As technology evolves, the importance of data security from attackers or hackers is becoming essential for achieving organizational success and growth.
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The following image shows some interesting must-know cyber security statistics for 2022:
Cyber Security Job Roles and Salaries
Network Security Engineer
A network security engineer identifies cyber malware, malicious bugs, and hacking attempts. A network security engineer needs to ensure an organization’s network security by keeping track of suspicious activities and building strong configurations for systems to avoid future IT threats.
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Roles and Responsibilities of a Network Security Engineer:
- Create and configure firewalls and intrusion detection systems to ensure security and data privacy
- Maintain security-related hardware and software
- Plan and monitor the overall network system
- Define security policies
- Install security infrastructure devices to maintain VPC, web protocols, and email security
- Perform security and forensic analyses to detect malicious incidents
Salary of a Network Security Engineer in India:
The below image shows the average salary of a network security engineer in India:
According to Indeed, the following salaries are paid to the network security engineers in different cities in India:
Cyber Security Analyst
A Cyber Security Analyst works in an organization to test for vulnerabilities. They do penetration testing to find the loopholes that lie in the organizational network, which can be used to intrude and exploit the system.
Roles and Responsibilities of a Cyber Security Analyst:
- Test and evaluate threat patterns and security breaches
- Identify weaknesses in the existing firewalls and encryption
- Be up to date with the latest cyber security threats and manage them
- Monitor all unusual, unauthorized, and illegal activities
- Ensure disaster recovery and make plans for the same in the event of a security breach
Salary of a Cyber Security Analyst in India:
As cyber security analysts in India, professionals are paid an impressive salary as per their experience in the field. The average salary of a cyber security analyst in India is as follows:
As per PayScale, the salary of cyber security analysts varies in different cities:
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As the name suggests, security architects have to keep in check the security of organizational hardware and software. Security architects design systems in such a way as to thwart malicious attacks. To do this, security architects have to be familiar with the tactics that the attackers use to gain unauthorized access.
Roles and Responsibilities of a Security Architect:
- Research and design organizational system security architecture
- Design security policies, standards, and procedures
- Ensure integrity during new software installations, upgradations, and uninstallations
- Review the costs to bring them within budget
- Provide advice and awareness to employees about cyber security issues and the best practices to avoid them
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Salary of a Security Architect in India:
The average salary paid to a security architect in India is as shown below:
As per PayScale statistics, the salaries paid to security architects in different Indian cities are:
Cyber Security Manager
Cyber security management plans and designs effective solutions in the case of computer security breaches. They provide reports to the management and concerned employees to implement security measures in the system.
Roles and Responsibilities of a Cyber Security Manager:
- Create a plan and enact it at the time of high-level IT security issues
- Supervise the employees who implement security measures
- Hire new employees
- Prepare the security budget for the organization
- Evaluate and configure new software tools and technologies
- Have expertise in cyberattack detection, protection, response, and recovery
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Salary of a Cyber Security Manager in India:
The average salary earned by a cyber security manager in India is shown below:
According to PayScale, cyber security managers are paid highly in the cities mentioned below:
Types of Cyber Security Attacks
There are various types of cyber security attacks. Some of the cyber security attacks are mentioned below:
Malware is software that performs malicious actions, such as data corruption or taking over a system, on a device or network. Malware makes its way into a system through a malicious link or email that is clicked by a user. Once a system is infected by malware, it can block access to the critical components of your network, gather sensitive data, and damage the system.
Spyware is a form of malware that stays concealed on a device and transmits real-time data, such as bank details and passwords, covertly to the host.
When a hacker attempts to bait individuals into disclosing critical information, such as personally identifiable information (PII), banking details, and passwords, it is known as phishing. An email can trick the email recipient into providing confidential information or downloading malware into the system by clicking on a hyperlink in the email.
Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS)
DDoS attacks are aimed to disrupt a computer network by overwhelming the servers and requests. During a DDoS attack, the network gets flooded with superfluous requests from hundreds or thousands of IP addresses that overload the system and keep the legitimate requests from being fulfilled. It causes the target system, such as a website, to crash from an overload of demands.
As the name suggests, ransomware is a type of malware that blocks access to a system or data until a ransom is paid. The attack involves data encryption on the target system that renders all files inaccessible and demands a monetary ransom to give back access to the owner again. These attacks can be low-level nuisances or even have damaging consequences.
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A zero-day exploit is a cyber attack that happens the same day a flaw occurs in software, hardware, or firmware. Because the software flaw is recent, it is hard to put up a protection system in place immediately.
Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs)
An APT refers to an unauthorized user gaining access to a system or network and remaining there without being detected for a long period.
Named after the Trojan Horse of ancient Greek history, this type of malware or code initially acts as a legitimate standard application or file and tricks one into loading and executing the malware on their device. Once inside the host system, the Trojan releases the malicious code that has the potential to damage or steal data or execute some other harmful activity on a network.
A wiper attack is a type of malware that intends to wipe out the hard drive of the computer that is infected by the attack. This involves wiping, overwriting, or removing data from the victim’s computer. These kinds of attacks are primarily destructive and often do not involve the demand for a ransom. Sometimes, wiper attacks are used to cover the tracks of a separate data theft that is being carried out simultaneously. Wiper attacks aren’t covert for the most part, as they are not meant to linger quietly in the background.
Intellectual Property Theft
Intellectual property theft is stealing or using someone else’s intellectual property without their permission.
Man-in-the-middle Attack (MITM Attack)
A MITM attack is when an attacker inserts themselves in the middle of a communication between two parties, such as a user and an application, and attempts to steal information. During a MITM attack, the attacker can eavesdrop or impersonate one of the parties, making it seem as if the normal exchange of information is underway.
A drive-by-download attack is a download that happens without a person’s knowledge, often installing a malicious program such as spyware, malware, or virus. The download can happen in two ways:
- Downloads that happen after the authorization is given by the user but without understanding the consequences; for example, downloads that install an unknown or counterfeit executable program.
- Downloads that happen without the knowledge of the user; for example, a computer virus, spyware, malware, or crimeware.
Malvertising otherwise referred to as malware advertising, is online advertisements that spread malware and compromise systems. Generally, this happens through the injection of malicious code into ads.
Rogue Security Software
Rogue security software is a malware and internet fraud that is disguised as real software; it tricks users into believing that their computer has a virus and convinces them to pay for a fake malware removal tool that installs malware on their computer.
Sometimes, natural disasters can disrupt the data center that houses the software.
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Cyber Security Scope in India
With the growing sophistication of cyberattacks, the demand for cyber security professionals has increased over the last few years. Additionally, with a majority of professionals working from home, the need for network security has risen as well. Professionals aspiring to build a career in this domain must upskill themselves. Forrester predicts that the spending by organizations on cloud security tools is expected to reach US$12.6 billion by 2023. Gartner also forecasts worldwide security and risk management spending to exceed US$150 billion in 2022. Hence, India, being home to a lot of MNCs offices, is expected to witness huge growth in the cyber security domain. According to Glassdoor, the average annual salary of a cyber security professional in India is INR600,000.
The cyber security domain in India is surely going to see a rise in the coming future. Some interesting cyber security roles are Information Security Analyst, IT Security Architect, Senior Cyber Security Consultant, etc. Hence, those willing to develop a career in this domain can expect a decent career trajectory in India.
Cyber Security Types
In the entire process of network security, numerous techniques are employed to prevent malicious activities and secure the network by only allowing the entry of authorized users. The network is secured with a firewall that acts as a barrier between the network system and external attacks.
Similar to protecting networks, having a strong app-level security system is also important. Application security is designed and implemented usually before deploying the application and requires a strong password from the user. Some of the techniques involved in application security are two-factor authentication, security questions, and more.
With most organizations moving toward the cloud for data storage, a majority of the cloud platforms, such as Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, Apple iCloud, etc., are being used predominantly. This has led to further need for their security. This type of security is known as cloud security. Since a huge amount of confidential data is involved, ensuring the security of the cloud is necessary at all times. Some of the techniques used are end-user interface, data storage security, backup plans, and more.
Operational security involves identifying sensitive data and possible threats, analyzing vulnerabilities and threat levels, and implementing plans to mitigate threats. Operational security refers to utilizing risk management to identify potential threats and prevent sensitive information from getting into the wrong hands.
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Need of Cyber Security
There is no indication that the reliance on technology will ever subside. This means that more sensitive information and bank details will be stored in cloud storage services, which can result in frequent data leaks and identity thefts. So, it is crucial to be aware of Cyber Security.
From using computer systems every day to the rise in cloud services, we have to be concerned about a myriad of Cyber Security threats. Governments around the world are turning their attention to cybercrimes. There have been major cyberattacks over the years; for example, the Melissa virus attack in 1999, the WannaCry ransomware attack in 2017, the NASA cyberattack in 1999, etc. Councils such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have begun releasing frameworks to help everyone understand the security risks, Cyber Security measures, and prevention methods.
Cyberthreats can arise at any level in an organization and the attacks are getting more sophisticated day by day. For example, the WannaCry attack flooded millions of systems across the world in May 2017. Organizations are now aware of such attacks and spend loads of time and money on Cyber Security technologies and processes. Reports state that the Indian government has increased the funds allocated for Cyber Security in the IT industry. For 2020-2021, the figure has reached INR170 crores from INR102 crores. As per the report by the Data Security Council of India, the country’s Cyber Security services industry is projected to reach US$7.6 billion by 2022. The world has witnessed a shift to remote working; hence, the importance of cyber security now is more than ever before.
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