## Operators

Operators are used to perform operations. OperatorsÂ are the symbols which perform the operation on the some values. These values are known as operands. There are following types of operators to perform different types of operations in C language:

• Arithmetic Operators
• Relational Operators
• Logical Operators
• Assignment Operators
• Bitwise Operators
• Misc Operators

### 1. Arithmetic Operators

 Operator Operator Name Description Example + Addition Adds two operands I = 40, J= 20I + J = 60 â€“ Subtraction Subtracts second operand from the first I = 40, J= 20I â€“ J = 20 * Multiplication Multiplies both operands I = 40, J= 20I * J = 800 / Divide Perform division operation I = 40, J= 20I / J = 2 % Modulus Return the remainder after Division I = 40, J= 20I % J = 0 ++ Increment Increase the operand value by 1 I=40,I++ = 41,Â ++IÂ  = Â 40 (print 40 but next time its value is 41) â€” Decrement Decrease the operand value by 1 I=40Iâ€“ = 39,Â â€“I =Â  40 (print 40 but next time its value is 39)

### 2. Relational Operators

It is also known as comparison operator because it compares the values. After comparison it returns the Boolean value i.e. either true or false.

 Operator Operator Name Description Example == Equal to If the values of two operands are equal then it returns true. I = 20, J =20(I == J) is true != Â Not Equal to If the values of two operands are not equal then it returns true. I = 20, J =20(I == J) is False < Less than If the value of left operand is less than the value of right operand then it returns true I = 40, J =20(I < J) is False > Greater than If the value of left operand is greater than the value of right operand then it returns true I = 40, J =20(I > J) is True <= Less than or equal to If the value of left operand is less than or equal to the value of right operand then it returns true. I = 40, J =20(I <= J) is False >= Greater than or equal to If the value of left operand is greater than or equal to the value of right operand then it returns true. I = 40, J =20(I >= J) is True

### 3. Logical Operators

 Operator Operator Name Description Example and Logical AND When Both side condition is true the result is true otherwise false 2<1 and 2<3False or Logical OR When at least one condition is true then result is true otherwise false 2<1 or 2<3True not Logical NOT Reverse the condition Not(5>4)False

### 4. Bitwise Operators

It performs bit by bit operation. Suppose there are two variable I = 10 and J = 20 and their binary values are
I = 10 = 0000 1010
J = 20 = 0001 0100

 Operator Operator Name Description Example & Binary AND If both bits are 1 then 1 otherwise 0 Â I & J0000 0000 | Binary OR If one of the bit is 1 then 1 otherwise 0 I | J0001 1110 ^ Binary XOR If both bit are same then 0 otherwise 1 I ^ J0001 1110 ~ Binary Complement If bit is 1 the make it 0 and if bit is 0 the make it 1 ~I1111 0101 << Binary Left Shift The left operand is moved left by the number of bits specified by the right operand. I << 2 will give 240Â i.e. 1111 0000 >> Binary Right Shift The left operand is moved right by the number of bits specified by the right operand. I >> 2 will give 15 i.e. 1111

### 5. Assignment Operators

 Operator Operator Name Description Example = Assignment It assigns value from right side operand to left side operand I = 40It assigns 40 to I += Add then assign It performs addition and then result is assigned to left hand operand I+=Jthat means I = I + J -= Subtract then assign It performs subtraction and then result is assigned to left hand operand I-=Jthat means I = I â€“ J *= Multiply the assign It performs multiplication and then result is assigned to left hand operand. I*=Jthat means I = I * J /= Divide then assign It performs division and then result is assigned to left hand operand I/=Jthat means I = I / J %= Modulus then assign It performs modulus and then result is assigned to left hand operand I%=Jthat means I = I % J <<= Left shift AND assignment operator It performs Binary left shiftÂ and then result is assigned to left hand operand I<<=5that means I = I << 5 >>= Right shift AND assignment operator It performs Binary right shiftÂ and then result is assigned to left hand operand I>>=5that means I = I >>=5 &= Bitwise AND assignment operator It performs bitwise AND and then result is assigned to left hand operand I &= 5that means I = I & 5 ^= bitwise exclusive OR and assignment operator It performs bitwise exclusive OR and then result is assigned to left hand operand I ^= 5that means I = I ^ 5 |= bitwise inclusive OR and assignment operator It performs bitwise inclusive OR and then result is assigned to left hand operand I |= 5that means I = I | 5

### 6. Misc OperatorsÂ

There are few other important operators includingÂ sizeofÂ andÂ ? :Â supported by C Language.

 Operator Description sizeof() Returns the size of an variable. & Returns the address of an variable. * Pointer to a variable. ? : Conditional Expression

## Operators Precedence in C

 CategoryÂ OperatorÂ AssociativityÂ Postfix () [] -> . ++ – – Left to right Unary + – ! ~ ++ – – (type)* & sizeof Right to left Multiplicative * / % Left to right Additive + – Left to right Shift << >> Left to right Relational < <= > >= Left to right Equality == != Left to right Bitwise AND & Left to right Bitwise XOR ^ Left to right Bitwise OR | Left to right Logical AND && Left to right Logical OR || Left to right Conditional ?: Right to left Assignment = += -= *= /= %=>>= <<= &= ^= |= Right to left Comma , Left to right

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