is Full Stack Development?
Full Stack Development, as the name suggests, is the combination of both frontend and backend portions in the life of a web application. The web development process has three key layers:
- Presentation layer: Deals with the
frontend part to create the user interface
- Database layer: Deals with the data
storage operations such as fetching, storage, and modification
- Logic layer: Deals with handling all
data validation and logical operations in the backend part of the interface
Each of these layers requires an expert working diligently to bring together a complete web application. However, having multiple people working on these aspects will create a lot of complexity and add to the monetary expense of the company. Therefore, these days, the majority of the companies are looking for Full Stack Developers who can handle working with multiple stacks at ease.
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is a Full Stack Developer?
A Full Stack Developer is an engineer who is proficient in working with both server-side and client-side programming software. Everything from frontend development languages, backend development methodologies, server handling, Application Programming Interface (API) designing to working with version control systems are what makes a Full Stack Developer who he is.
This is the primary reason how the
name ‘Full Stack’ came into the picture in the world of web development. If you
are wondering about the level of proficiency a Full Stack Developer must-have
in all of these technologies, let me tell you that the developer is asked to
translate user requirements and create architectures based on that and help in
the implementation of the projects. Genuine interest is more of a requirement
here than an in-depth understanding of all the tools.
would you need a Full Stack Developer?
There are multiple reasons why a
Full Stack Developer has a lot of importance in a company. Here are some of the
Stack Developers ensure to keep the end-to-end web application running without
Stack Developers can fit into multiple roles in the application development
process, thereby greatly reducing the costs and time required to solve
Stack Developers can actively debug applications, alongside development, and
also extend help in testing and actively developing contingency protocols for
Stack Development Technologies
The frontend part of a website or a
web application is the one that the user can see when using the application. It
is directly responsible for the user experience as the person using it directly
interacts with it when required.
There are multiple programming languages and frameworks that are used to build the frontend section of a website or a web application. Some of them are as shown below:
Frontend Programming Languages
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a combination of hypertext and markup language
as the name suggests. Hypertext is used to denote and define a link between
multiple webpages at an instance. A markup language is used to organize text in
a structured format by making use of functional units called ‘tags,’ which form
the foundation of HTML.
Cascading Style Sheets, also called CSS in short by developers is a very
cleanly written language that is used to add styling to a website using a
simple syntax. The main advantage
of CSS is that it does not have a tight-knit dependency on the native HTML
surface and can independently be applied to each of the webpages as developers
of the previous decade is used to add functionality to a website. An action for a click of a button, for example, is a very simple use of
create and showcase games and other web-based applications on the website are
hand-in-hand most of the time to drive the best frontend experience the
developers can provide users.
Libraries and Frameworks
AngularJS is a widely used open-source front-end framework, which is
primarily used in the design and development of single-page applications
(SPAs). Angular has a huge community of developers, and with every iteration in
the software, it ensures to provide better ways to help the Full Stack
Developers create better websites and applications.
Bootstrap is another open-source framework that forms as a primary go-to
tool for developers who want to build responsive websites and web applications.
Due to its immense potential, it has seen quick growth ever since its inception
in the market.
interfaces for websites. It is free and open-source and was developed by the
workforce at Facebook. It is mainly used for component building as it provides
an efficient and quick way to do the same.
jQuery is an open-source library that is used to ease the difference of working
tasks such as event handling, Ajax interactions, and cross-browser development
Backend as the name suggests mainly
deals with servers and their role in the process of building and using a
website or a web application. The primary responsibility here is to ensure the
smooth working of all of the database technologies implemented by using query
languages and allowing for client-side interaction by making use of Application
Programming Interfaces (APIs).
The following are some of the
important frameworks, libraries, and languages used for backend development:
Python is one of the widely used languages for backend development. It provides
multiple sub-frameworks that are used to build upon, alongside a simple syntax
that makes it a perfect choice for Web Development.
PHP is a famous server-side scripting language primarily used to run on web
servers to perform a plethora of activities to keep the backend functioning
Node.js is another popular runtime environment that supports the running of
know that it is neither a programming language or a framework but a runtime.
Its primary functions include designing and developing APIs like mobile apps or
even web apps.
C++ is one of the modest widely used general-purpose programming languages.
It is used to complement other frameworks and work alongside them to
effectively help manage backend activities in the web development process.
backend programming language where it provides developers with respective
advantages in terms of code reusability and modular development.
There are many other backend
programming/scripting languages such as C#, GoLang, Ruby, and more.
in Full Stack Development
A database can act as a primary
collection of data and can double up as an efficient channel to work with the
data by performing various operations such as the insertion, deletion, and
modification of data and the retrieval of the updated data.
Following are some of the most
widely used databases when it comes to web applications and website building:
Oracle: Oracle is a one-stop-shop
for all the database requirements. It is very efficient and easy to use and
lets developers query the required information and work with the database
MongoDB is a famous NoSQL data type being implemented these days. NoSQL
basically translates to a non-relational database model for storage. Due to
this, there are no table-based entities that provide a better storage mechanism
and an efficient model for quick and easy data retrieval.
SQL: MS SQL has been a champion of databases for quite some time now and it
sure is popular amongst the developers who have a requirement for relational
database models and the techniques that follow.
in Full Stack Development
Servers are sometimes referred to as
the ‘heart’ of a web application. There are multiple servers to choose from,
and two of the most popular choices are mentioned below:
Nginx is a very popular server tool that acts as an HTTP and a reverse
proxy server. It can also double up as a mail proxy server and also as a
TCP/UDP proxy server.
Apache is the most used platform out there for this purpose. It provides
programmers with a high-level abstraction when working with MapReduce. It also
provides a high-level scripting language called Pig Latin, which is used to
develop data analysis programs.
Stacks in Full Stack Development
Stack: The most popular stack out there. It includes working with MongoDB.
Express, AngularJS, and Node.js.
Stack: The MERN stack is widely used among startups and even in some
Fortune 500 companies. It includes MongoDB, Express, ReactJS, and Node.js.
Stack: The Django stack is well revered among Python users and MySQL
or Ruby on Rails: Another popular stack, Rails uses Ruby, PHP, and MySQL
for complete operation in the Full Stack Development environment.
Stack: LAMP is in implementation for a while now, and it has earned a good
reputation among developers. LAMP consists of Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP for
to choose a Tech Stack for Full Stack Development?
Well, with so many tools out there
and multiple stacks being in the market as a requirement for Full Stack
Development jobs, what are some of the tips you can use to choose a web
requirements: It always pays well to understand the project complexity,
duration, and the budget when picking up a technology stack. For projects that
are on the conservative side, Python or Node.js serves as a really good tool.
Working the way up, it becomes completely based on the product requirement as
technologies directly correspond to helping developers with a goal. Similarly,
for projects that are complex, it is important to understand every aspect of
the requirement, break it down into simple chunks, analyze it, and then pick up
the right technology to work with.
Scalability is something that is kept in consideration when starting with a
project to ensure that there is a structured pipeline for future expansion and
growth. Regardless of how quick the growth is or how diverse the requirements
are for scaling an application or a web platform, it is imperative that
developers assess various technologies and their offerings before honing in on
the technologies that cater to the exact requirement.
So, what do social media companies
like Instagram and Facebook use for their Full Stack requirements?
Here are some of the tools that
Facebook and Instagram implement:
languages: PHP, Python, and C++
MongoDB, Cassandra, MySQL, PostgreSQL, MariaDB, and HBase
Frameworks: PHPFox, Ruby on Rails,
Tornado, and Diaspora
libraries: Yoga, Relay, React, and Flux
Do note that, alongside the Full
Stack Development tools, these big companies also try to enhance the working of
their web applications and websites by making use of concepts such as Machine
Learning and Deep Learning to implement Artificial Intelligence as well.
Stack Developer Salary
In India, the average salary of a
Full Stack Developer is around ₹10 LPA as per the popular site, Glassdoor. An
experienced professional can earn well over ₹20 LPA as it is one of the most
popular jobs right now and it is in high demand at the same time.
In the United States, the average
salary for the same role starts at around US$60,000 all the way up to
US$110,000 for an experienced professional.
In the case of the United Kingdom,
the average salary ranges from £35,000 to £50,000 for the role of a Full Stack
As can be seen from the above numbers, it is a well-lucrative job that doubles up as one of the best careers to have in this decade.
Learn about both Frontend Developer skills and Backend Developer skills in our detailed blog on Full Stack Developer Skills.
It is always important that, as a
keen Full Stack Developer enthusiast, you keep your learning high and keep your
skills as sharp as you can. You can consider building your own sample projects
to help you strengthen your learning by using the tools completely and
understanding the next generation of web development tools.
For example, you can design a basic
e-commerce site by making use of the following technologies:
You can make use of Bootstrap since it is easy to learn and implement.
Node.js or PHP can be used for the backend.
GraphQL can be used to ensure that your frontend talks smoothly to the backend.
Any popular SQL or NoSQL databases can be used for the storage of customer
details and product details.
system: Gateways such as PayPal can be easily integrated into the website.
JWT-JSON web tokens can be made use here for the authentication purpose.
For most of the cases, the usage of
these applications will be customized based on the requirements. So, copying a
stack as it is will not lead to positive results in terms of building websites
or web applications.
You can come up with an excellent
web application by considering all of the above-mentioned details regarding
Full Stack Development. It is always vital to understand that you need to hunt
for the most efficient tool to achieve your tasks in the field of web