• Articles
  • Tutorials
  • Interview Questions

Azure Data Box - The Ultimate Guide

Azure Data Box - The Ultimate Guide

This blog closely looks into what Azure Data Box is, how it works, and the benefits it offers.

Given below are the topics we are going to cover in this blog:

Watch this tutorial on Microsoft Azure Training:

What is Azure Data Box?

Microsoft’s Azure Data Box is a physical appliance that provides a straightforward way for customers to move large data sets to and from the Azure cloud. Its primary objective is to simplify the data transfer process, especially for organizations with substantial data volumes or limited network bandwidth. 

This device is a ruggedized server that can hold up to 1 PB of data, which can be securely transported to an Azure data center for ingestion into Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files, or Azure Data Lake Storage.

Two versions of Azure Data Box are available for you to choose from, namely Azure Data Box and Azure Data Box Heavy. The standard Azure Data Box has the capability of holding up to 100 TB of data, while the Azure Data Box Heavy can manage up to 1 PB of data. 

Armored with a high-speed data transfer interface, both these versions can be shipped to customers who need to transfer large volumes of data to the cloud. Once they receive the device, customers can move their data to it, locally, and then send it back to an Azure data center for uploading it to Azure storage.

Are you interested? Check out Intellipaat’s Azure Training – Certification Course and enroll now!

Why do we Need Azure Data Box?

Azure Data Box can be essential for organizations for several reasons, including large data sets, limited network connectivity, offline backup, security, and compliance. Organizations with massive amounts of data may struggle to transfer their data to the cloud via network transfer due to limited bandwidth and high transfer costs. 

Azure Data Box can provide a fast and efficient way to transfer large amounts of data to Azure; organizations can transfer data to it, locally, and then ship it back to an Azure data center. Additionally, some organizations may be located in areas with limited network connectivity, which makes it difficult to transfer large amounts of data to the cloud. 

Azure Data Box can be shipped to the organization so that they can transfer data, locally, before it is shipped back to an Azure data center for ingestion into Azure storage.

Offline backup is another reason why organizations need Azure Data Box. For disaster recovery or compliance purposes, some organizations may require offline backups of their data. Azure Data Box can be used to create a physical copy of the organization’s data, which can be stored offsite for backup and recovery purposes.

This Azure Tutorial will help you learn Azure Synapse Analytics from scratch.

Cloud Computing EPGC IITR iHUB

How does Azure Data Box Work?

To facilitate the transfer of large amounts of data to the cloud, Azure Data Box provides a physical device that can be shipped to customers. The process involves several steps, which are discussed below:

How does Azure Data Box Work
  • Requesting a Data Box: Customers can request a Data Box from the Azure portal or an Azure sales representative. They select the device version based on their data transfer requirements.
  • Receiving the Data Box: The Data Box is shipped to the customer’s location through a courier service. The customer signs for the device upon receiving it.
  • Preparing the Data Box: The Data Box must be set up, connected to the customer’s network, and configured for data transfer. This could entail software installation, network configuration, and creating a manifest to identify the data that has to be transferred.
  • Copying Data to the Data Box: Customers use standard file transfer protocols such as SMB, NFS, or REST API to copy data to the Data Box. The device supports multiple file systems, including NTFS, FAT, and exFAT.
  • Shipping the Data Box: After copying the data, the customer securely packages the device and ships it back to an Azure data center. A prepaid shipping label is included with the device for convenience.
  • Uploading Data to Azure: Upon arriving at the Azure data center, the data is ingested into Azure storage. The customer is notified when the transfer is complete and they can access their data in Azure storage.

Security Capabilities of Azure Data Box

Azure Data Box provides several security capabilities to ensure the secure transfer and storage of data:

Data Encryption: Azure Data Box supports encryption at rest and in transit. Data is encrypted using industry-standard AES 256-bit encryption before it is transferred to the Data Box device. The encryption keys are managed by Azure Key Vault, providing an additional layer of security.

Secure Transfer: Data Box devices are designed to securely transfer data from your premises to Azure. The devices use TLS (Transport Layer Security) encryption during data transfer, ensuring that data remains secure while in transit.

Physical Security: Azure Data Box devices are built with multiple layers of physical security. They are tamper-resistant and include features like intrusion detection, GPS tracking, and secure packaging to protect against unauthorized access or tampering during transit.

Data Erasure: When you return the Data Box device to Microsoft after data transfer, the device undergoes a secure data erasure process. This process ensures that all data is permanently removed from the device, minimizing the risk of data exposure.

Access Control: Azure Data Box integrates with Azure Active Directory, allowing you to control access to the data stored in the device. You can define access policies, permissions, and authentication mechanisms to ensure that only authorized personnel can access the data.

Network Isolation: Once the data is transferred to Azure, it is stored in secure Azure storage accounts. Azure provides network isolation and access controls to protect your data from unauthorized access or breaches.

Compliance and Certifications: Azure Data Box is built on Azure, which has a wide range of compliance certifications, such as ISO 27001, SOC 1 and SOC 2, GDPR, HIPAA, and more. These certifications demonstrate Microsoft’s commitment to implementing robust security and privacy controls.

These security capabilities help protect your data throughout the entire data transfer process, from your premises to Azure storage. By leveraging Azure Data Box, you can securely transfer large amounts of data to Azure while maintaining strict security standards.

Get 100% Hike!

Master Most in Demand Skills Now !

Difference between AWS Snowball and Azure Data Box

Here is a tabular comparison between AWS Snowball and Azure Data Box:

FeatureAWS SnowballAzure Data Box
Maximum Capacity80 TB (50 TB for Snowball Edge)1 PB (100 TB for Azure Data Box)
Storage OptionsAmazon S3, Amazon GlacierAzure Blob Storage, Azure Files, and Azure Data Lake Storage
Connectivity10 Gigabit Ethernet (10 GbE), USB 3.010 Gigabit Ethernet (10 GbE), USB 3.0, SFP+ (Azure Data Box Heavy)
Device TypesSnowball, Snowball Edge, and SnowmobileData Box, Data Box Disk, and Data Box Heavy
HardwareCustom hardware with 256-bit encryptionCustom hardware with 256-bit encryption
ShippingAmazon-provided shipping labelsMicrosoft-provided shipping labels
PriceCharged per job based on device type, duration, and regionCharged per device based on type, capacity, and region

Azure Data Box Pricing

The expense involved in using Azure Data Box depends on the version of the device, as well as the amount of data being transferred. The following are some key points about the pricing:

  • Azure Data Box: The price for one Azure Data Box is USD 300 per job, which includes up to 10 days of device rental. Additional rental days will be charged at USD 30 per day. Furthermore, a data processing fee of USD 2.50 per TB will be charged for data transferred to Azure storage.
  • Azure Data Box Heavy: The price for one Azure Data Box Heavy is USD 1,000 per job, which includes up to 20 days of device rental. Additional rental days will be charged at USD 50 per day. In addition, a data processing fee of USD 2.50 per TB will be charged for data transferred to Azure storage.

It should be noted that shipping costs are not included in the pricing above, and they may vary depending on the shipping location and method. Also, there may be other costs related to data transfer, such as network egress fees and data access fees, in Azure storage.

Bootcamp in Cloud Computing and DevOps

Benefits of Azure Data Box

Azure Data Box offers various advantages for organizations that need to transfer large amounts of data to Azure storage. These benefits include the following:

Benefits of Azure Data Box
  • Fast and Efficient Data Transfer: Azure Data Box allows customers to transfer significant amounts of data to Azure storage, quickly and efficiently, even if they have limited network bandwidth or connectivity.
  • Scalability: It is a scalable option for businesses that need to transfer varying volumes of data over time because it is available in two versions, namely standard and heavy.
  • Security and Compliance: A number of security features offered by Data Box, including hardware encryption and chain of custody tracking, can assist enterprises in adhering to regulations and guaranteeing the safety of their data while in transit.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: It is an affordable way to move huge volumes of data to Azure storage. Customers simply have to pay for the cost of renting the equipment and any data processing costs related to their data transmission.
  • Offline Backup: For disaster recovery or compliance reasons, Azure Data Box may be used to provide offline copies of data, which adds an extra layer of data security and assists businesses in meeting their backup and recovery requirements.

Go through these Azure Interview Questions and Answers to excel in your interview.


Azure Data Box is probably going to play an even bigger role in data transit and storage as data keeps growing at an unprecedented rate. With its scalability, security features, and offline backup capabilities, Azure Data Box is well-positioned to continue being a vital tool for managing data transfer requirements for businesses of all sizes and in all sectors.

For more information on Azure, visit our Azure Community.

Course Schedule

Name Date Details
AWS Certification 20 Jul 2024(Sat-Sun) Weekend Batch
View Details
AWS Certification 27 Jul 2024(Sat-Sun) Weekend Batch
View Details
AWS Certification 03 Aug 2024(Sat-Sun) Weekend Batch
View Details

About the Author

Application Architect

Rupinder is a certified IT expert in AWS and Azure, working as a DevOps Architect and specializing in cloud and infrastructure. He designs and builds entire IT setups for important apps in banking, insurance, and finance.