Django vs Node.js - Difference Between Django and Node.js

Developers often get confused between Node.js and Django while looking for technologies and frameworks to create web and mobile apps that have an excellent user-friendly interface and features. Both of these frameworks are open-source and free. This ‘Django vs Node.js - Difference Between Django and Node.js’ blog will discuss how they are different from each other and how you can make a choice between them based on your requirements.

Django vs Node.js
Updated on 10th Dec, 20 160 Views

While creating any application, be it web or mobile, developers find it difficult to choose between Node.js and Django. While creating one, you should have a robust technology stack that will power this application.

Mentioned below are the topics that will be discussed in this blog:

Before getting into the difference between Node.js and Django, let’s understand the use of these frameworks individually.

 

What is Node.js?

Node.js is a runtime environment based on JavaScript that allows developers to create efficient, productive, and fast working web applications. It is a versatile framework that runs on the client-side and the server-side. It is an extremely easy tool that has gained a lot of popularity in recent years, and it can be used for running a program on JavaScript outside an Internet browser.

Watch this video tutorial to know more about Node.js:

 

What is Django?

Django is a Python-based framework that aims to eliminate redundant tasks and create a base, leading to a fast process of application development. This is used by developers to build real-time applications in the quickest manner possible to meet the given timeline.

Check out this comprehensive YouTube video on Django:

Now that you have briefly read about the two technologies, let’s move on with the difference between them based on various aspects.

 

Node.js vs Django

Depending on various features, these two frameworks have a set of differences. Let’s dive right into Django vs Node.js comparison based on these factors.

 

Programming

The syntax of Node.js makes it easy for anyone to write scripts using JavaScript. But, it will take time and effort during the learning phase for you to get an understanding of its methods, architecture, and asynchronous programming.

Django is also easy to learn, and having a background in Python acts as an added advantage while learning and working on it. There is a defined process that needs to be followed in this framework for the entire duration of the app development. This saves a lot of time as there is minimal coding required.

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Architecture

Node.js works on a single-thread event-driven model that runs on an operating system to maintain requests and develop high-end applications. The applications built in it are robust, which makes them available to process any necessary requests easily and on time. Node.js lets you handle multiple requests simultaneously.

Django, on the other hand, works on the model-template-view (MTV) architecture that has its own set of advantages when it comes to building apps. With Django, developers have the option to work with several parts of a single project while developing the app, and the changes made in a particular component does not have any effect on the rest.

Learn more about Django frameworks from our blog on Django REST Framework.

 

Security

Node.js, unfortunately, has no default settings for security. To add security measures to the application, you need to work extra and do it manually for managing security flaws. It is a significant step; otherwise, cookies used by the framework can make it vulnerable and expose your app to attacks such as cross-site request forgery (CSRF), cross-site scripting (XSS), SQL injection, etc.

Django, however, is strict about its security functions. Its functionality prevents malicious acts across its input fields in the web app. It offers features that provide protection against SSL/HTTPS, SQL injection, host header, clickjacking, XSS, CSRF, etc.

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Performance

The performance of a web app is rated based on its speed and functionality. The features that affect the performance of applications include code optimization, server configurations, load times, data transfer, size, etc. While comparing the performance of these tools, you should mainly look at their execution speed.

Node.js has several resources that make the process of creating an application much faster. While processing, more threads help you get the tasks done easily. Although it is not as fast as multiple threads, its V8 JavaScript engine allows you to make the most of the single threads.

When it comes to performance, Django comes at the top. Its use of multiple threads and its features like database optimization and caching improves the performance of your application.

 

Efficiency

Even though Node.js is easy to learn, it takes a lot of operating time, and the learning curve is steep. Hence, when compared to Django, it is a less cost-effective option.

Django is comparatively faster and more efficient in this case, making it cost-effective.

 

Flexibility

Thanks to the vast library in Node.js of features and tools, you can build applications from scratch, making them highly customizable. The library gives you control of how your web application is created and its features and functions, making the app as flexible as you need. It is one of the best and most loved features that allows developers to create apps and explore the variety of functions this framework offers.

Django, however, offers a limited range of development features that makes it strict and less flexible. Though it tends to reduce your workload while developing an application, you do not have many options to customize it. There is hardly any scope to build customized apps in Django, reducing its flexibility.

Certification in Full Stack Web Development

 

Documentation and Templates

Node.js is a preferred tool by experienced professionals when it comes to using customizable apps and designing flexibility. The framework’s only downfall is that it is challenging to learn for beginners. Additionally, it takes a lot of time and effort to create an application from the start. Besides, you will need to research implementation modules and spend enough time while testing the application. When you work on Node.js projects, at least one of your team members should be an expert in JavaScript with relevant experience in Node.js.

Unlike Node.js, Django has a system of built-in templates that is comprehensive to anyone with an experience in HTML. You do not need to have knowledge of Python programming to use this framework. It is extremely useful for beginners as it speeds up the development process by providing templates.

 

Opportunities for Full-stack Development

Full-stack development represents a combination of frontend and backend development. Since Node.js allows you to build both the frontend and the backend of any application using JavaScript, it is among the most preferred technologies.

Django, like Node.js, can be used for the development of the frontend and the backend. It is a Python-based framework that allows you to create full-stack applications.

 

Scalability

Node.js is better when it comes to building scalable apps that can handle several requests, especially because when you create scalable apps, you will need more flexibility for designing its features.

Django also allows you to handle several requests and applications of high traffic. However, it does not provide enough flexibility in designing the application, which can be a major drawback.

 

Community

Node.js has an active community, comprising experienced professionals who can help you customize and update your application.

Django also has an active community, but a small one as it does not offer flexibility and customization to its users.

Node.JS vs Django
 

Node.js or Django: Which one to use?

Although in terms of complexity, Node.js is less complicated than Django, there are several features that you need to consider when choosing between the two frameworks, and this blog on ‘Django vs Node.js – Difference Between Django and Node.js’ has shed lights on some of them. So, if you are an experienced professional in JavaScript or have enough time to learn and implement it, Node.js is the way to go. But, if you have deadlines to meet, have a background in Python, and are concerned about understanding the features, you must opt for Django to create your application.

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