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Private Cloud vs Public Cloud - Major differences explained

Private Cloud vs Public Cloud - Major differences explained

The term “cloud computing” describes the technological advancement that enables people and businesses to use computing services like storage, databases, and analytics through the internet as opposed to hosting them on their servers.

Let’s start with the article and find answers to the following questions.

Check out our video to understand the differences between Public Cloud and Private Cloud and make an informed decision for your business needs!

Exploring Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing is referred to as the storage and access of data and computer and resources over the internet. It doesn’t keep any data on your computer. It is the on-demand availability of computer services including servers, data storage, networking, databases, etc. The main objective of cloud computing is to provide shared access to data centres. Users can also access data from a distant server.

The phrase “CLOUD” simply denotes “the internet.” The systems and infrastructures that enable a computer to operate, produce, deploy, or interact with information are referred to as computing. By hosting infrastructure, systems, or applications on virtual/online servers that are connected to your computer over secure networks, as opposed to your hard drive or an on-site server, you are using cloud computing.

Cloud computing uses remote technologies to assist computers in information management, processing, communication, and storage. These off-site systems are not stored on your computer or any other local storage, but rather on the cloud (or the internet). They include email servers, software, data storage, or even boosting your computer’s processing speed.

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Why is Cloud Computing Important?

The 21st century’s most showy technical advancement is perhaps cloud computing. This is because it has gained public acceptance more quickly than any other technological advances in the field. 

The rising popularity of smartphones and other mobile devices with internet connectivity has largely spurred this acceptance. The regular person also benefits from cloud computing, it is not only beneficial for institutions and companies.

We can run software applications without installing them on our PCs. We can also save and access our multimedia material online, create and test new applications without necessarily needing servers.

Data Security will get more advanced

Having reliable data encryption is important, but so is the physical security of data centres. There will soon be a change to the minimum requirements for the current SSL tool.

Due to the constantly evolving security measures, physical access to the data center will be tightly constrained. And in addition to possessing an electronic key, a person is required to pass through the biometric scanning procedure in order to enter these guarded locations.

Separation of Hardware and Software

Cloud technology is used in conjunction with remote servers that store CRM, ERP, PSA, and HR applications to automate business activities. And they keep growing each year. As a result, the software we use in the future will be relatively advanced, and data sent from it will first go through a number of filters before interacting with the user’s computer.

Cloud Computing EPGC IITR iHUB

Types of Cloud

We’ve already discussed Cloud Computing above. Hope we have made you clear with the topic and now is the time to move to its types. Let’s start with the types of clouds.

There are four types of clouds that are:

Types of Cloud

Public Cloud

The term “public cloud” describes computer resources made available online by independent vendors. Public cloud services, in contrast to private cloud, can be used or purchased by anybody.

These services might be provided without charge or could be purchased on demand, requiring customers to only pay for the CPU time, storage space, or bandwidth that they really use.

A cloud service provider that provides services through the internet manages a public cloud. Public clouds provide scalability and flexibility to organizations, effectively addressing the collaborative demands of today’s global workforce.

Private Cloud

A private cloud is an on-demand deployment option for the cloud where the cloud computing architecture and services are privately hosted within a company’s data center or intranet utilizing limited resources.

An organization’s own data center serves as the private home for the infrastructure and cloud computing services in a private cloud. These services are available to a particular organization’s employees alone. This type of cloud is managed internally and is not accessible to anyone outside the business.

Hybrid Cloud

In a hybrid cloud architecture, internal infrastructure or a private cloud are combined. Between public and private cloud environments, data may travel easily with the help of hybrid clouds.

Based on their business model, requirements for data sovereignty, and legal constraints, enterprises can select from a variety of hybrid cloud alternatives. Businesses only pay for the computing resources they use with the flexible price options offered by the majority of hybrid clouds.

Community Cloud

A community cloud is a cloud architecture that enables a group of people or several companies to use systems and services to exchange information. Organizations from the community, a third party, or both may own, operate, and administer it. Public, Private, Hybrid, and Bare Metal Cloud are its four types.

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Private Cloud vs Public Cloud

Talking about private and public clouds, a private cloud is a service that is solely managed by one company and isn’t offered to the public. In contrast, a public cloud is a subscription service that is accessible to all consumers that require comparable services.

Let’s discuss the detailed differences.

FactorPublic CloudPrivate Cloud
ModelPublic cloud is a cloud installation strategy based on a cloud service provider that frequently provides pre-configured and publicized products. The computer resources are distributed among several users in a cloud architecture.A private cloud is a specific cloud infrastructure that is reserved and run for one particular business or organization. You or a reliable partner handle the services on a private cloud infrastructure.  
CostThe services provided in the public cloud are often provided for free or on a pay-as-you-go basis, which allows you to only pay for the services you utilize.Private Cloud is less cost-effective than the public cloud. Private clouds are economical for medium- to large-scale workloads.  

Miscellaneous differences

CountPrivate CloudPublic Cloud
1The private cloud services are exclusive to the company.The public cloud services are accessible to everyone.
2Site of the Data Center is wherever the cloud service provider’s services are hosted on the Internet.Location of the data center is within the network of the company.
3Tied to a specific group or organization.A third-party supplier is in charge of running public cloud services.
4More security as the resources are not shared.Because the platform is shared, there is less security.
5High flexibility and control over the cloud.Less control and flexibility over the cloud environment.
6Costlier than the Public cloud.Less Costly.
7Low Scalability.High Scalability.
8Serves high performance.Serves low or medium performance.

Preparing or want to prepare for the interview? Here are the Top 40+ Cloud Computing Interview Questions – Most Asked.


The agility and adaptability of cloud technologies have enabled new ways of working, managing, and conducting business. We are currently in a key phase. The promise of the digital revolution can now be delivered on and realized by enterprises and individuals. This is surely possible due to Cloud computing. Cloud Computing is surely the future of technology.

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About the Author

Application Architect

Rupinder is a certified IT expert in AWS and Azure, working as a DevOps Architect and specializing in cloud and infrastructure. He designs and builds entire IT setups for important apps in banking, insurance, and finance.