Web Development Tutorial
Updated on 20th Aug, 21 396 Views

A website, in simple words, is nothing but a number of interrelated web pages combined together and is accessible through a single homepage with the help of the Internet browsers, such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, etc. The main purpose of this Web Development tutorial is not to make you a Web Development expert. Rather, we aim to help you become comfortable with the domain and its requirements so that you can hop on the path of becoming an expert in this field.

This ‘Web Development Tutorial: A Beginner’s Guide’ blog will help you gain knowledge of the following:

Let’s start from the beginning and get a basic knowledge of what Web Development is.


What is Web Development?

Web Development allows you to develop websites that are hosted through the Intranet or the Internet via web browsers. This domain mainly revolves around the process of building apps and pages that run on these browsers. Some of these applications may depend on the server on which you have built them, while others may only utilize the server in the initial stage of their development for the storage and retrieval of data. The process of Web Development involves designing, content development, and scripting for the web, along with security configurations.

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In this Web Developer tutorial, you will further come across the reasons why you need Web Development.

Need for Web Development

Web pages cover the distance between those who possess the information and those who wish to gain knowledge, allowing one to reach out to the world at large. Here are a few reasons why websites are necessary:

  • They allow you to advertise numerous offers provided by your organization.
  • You can present your ideas through a website and grab the attention of readers from around the world.
  • You can reach globally for potential users and customers.
  • You can start your own business with the help of a website.

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Let’s now understand who Web Developers are and what these professionals do in this web programming tutorial.


Who are Web Developers?

Web Developers are professionals who build websites that can be accessed and used through the World Wide Web (www). They use different programming languages, along with several protocols, to build these websites and connect with potential customers around the world.

These professionals, therefore, need technical and graphic skills to build websites of specific designs. They are required to develop websites with good UI, which is both functional and interactive, grabbing users’ attention. The websites should meet the users’ demands to keep them interested and persuade them to go for the products or services offered by these websites.

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You have got a basic understanding of who Web Developers are. Now, in this web application development tutorial, let’s discuss the components Web Developers use for building a website.


Components of a Website

Any website you create will comprise three main components, HTML, JavaScript, and CSS, for frontend and backend development of the website. Below is a short explanation so that you can get the basic knowledge about the three components:

  • HTML: HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is the base of every website that you create as it gives a structure to the various parts of the website. When you visit a webpage in the browser, the page that loads is of the HTML file type.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript helps create such elements on the website that make it interactive for users. JS allows developers to make the website dynamic and flexible as per the needs of the users.
  • CSS: CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is used to style the HTML elements. It offers numerous designs and functions that prove to be beneficial while styling the HTML elements to make the website more user-friendly.
Website Components

So far, you got a basic idea of the various components of a website. To become a professional in this domain, you need to have backend and frontend skills. Now, in this Web Development tutorial, we will come across the skills involved in learning Web Development.

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Backend Web Development

The aim of this backend Web Development tutorial is to help you understand the dynamic connection that is formed between the frontend of a website and the database or the backend. To be an expert in this, you should have skills in at least some Web Development Languages such as PHP, Java, or Python, along with knowledge of NodeJS or other server-side frameworks.

  • PHP: It is a free open-source scripting language that allows developers to build the backend of any new application. It is an extremely powerful tool that allows one to build interactive and dynamic websites.
  • Java: This is a high-level, open-source programming language that follows the approach of ‘write once, run anywhere (WORA). This approach makes Java programs compatible to run in any given platform, allowing them to be easily portable.
  • Python: Python is an object-oriented, open-source language used by most web and software developers around the world. It is an easy language to learn and implement while building a website, which makes it the most preferred language as well.
  • Django: It’s an open-source back-end framework that is used to develop sophisticated, feature-rich, and data-driven websites. Django facilitates fast development, user authentication, sitemaps, cross-site scripting, SQL injection, and high scalability. It’s a versatile framework with an array of applications such as computing platforms, social networking apps, and content management systems.
  • Laravel: Laravel is also an open-source PHP-based web application framework that follows the model-view-controller(MVC architecture). It supports cache backends which are mainly used to configure multiple cache configurations. It also has a pre-configured error and exception handling and supports multiple logging handlers. 
  • Ruby on Rails: Ruby on Rails is an MIT licensed Ruby-based framework that uses various web services, web pages, and database structures. It’s an open-source web application framework that separates the codes by their functions like the resource layer, data layer, and presentation layer. 
  • Express JS: Based on Node.js, Express is a web applications framework used to build various APIs and web applications as a Mean-stack back-end component and allows the Node.js to use the JavaScript runtime environment.
  • CakePHP: CakePHP is another PHP-based open-source framework that utilizes popular engineering and design concepts like MVC, data mapping, configuration approach, etc. It helps the developer to rescue the development time by offering direct access to the App directories and a flexible templating system.

To learn about NodeJs, you can check out our NodeJS Interview Questions that involve some of the most frequently asked questions during job interviews.

You have come across various languages you need to master to become an expert in the backend part of Web Development. Further, in this web technology tutorial, you will read about the frontend skills that are required to be a Web Developer.


Frontend Web Development

This frontend Web Development tutorial is a subsection of the website development tutorial blog, wherein you will come across some of the most frequently used frameworks for the development of a website. JavaScript frameworks and CSS help in performing various functions on a website. Rather than starting a program from scratch, these frameworks help developers build code with pre-existing JavaScript codes in it.

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Although there are numerous benefits of using a framework to build a website, it has its own set of disadvantages as well. This is why you need to choose the correct framework based on your requirements and demands. The JavaScript framework works well with complex UIs. However, for displaying your website content, you need to use other frameworks. Some of the frontend frameworks that you can utilize in the development of a website are as follows:

  • Angular: Developed and launched by Google in 2016, Angular provides real-time synchronization between the view and model, so any changes done will be instantly reflected in the view. It’s the front-end development framework based on TypeScript and used by companies like Xbox, Blender, BMW, and Forbes to develop web applications.
  • Vue: Vue is a simple front-end framework that reduces the complexities faced by Angular developers. It’s a versatile framework, which means you can adopt Vue on existing projects without affecting them. Vue has extensive and detailed documentation that helps you to understand the Vue ecosystem and develop compelling applications.
  • React: React is actually a front-end library, but many developers consider it to be a framework, that’s why React is compared in that context. It has a component-based architecture, which means the user can create independent microsystems and also encapsulate individual pieces of larger components.
  • jQuery: jQuery is also a JavaScript library that comes with many features like HTML event methods, DOM manipulation, CSS manipulation, effects, animations, and Utilities. It is used for HTML documentation, animation, and event handling.  
  • Ember: Ember is a JavaScript framework that has an ever-expanding community and possesses two-way binding. It’s a well-organized language with proper documentation but has a complex structure and steep learning curve due to its conventional structure. 
  • Backbone: Backbone is mainly used to develop single-page applications and can be used with the tools like handlebars, Chaplin, Thorax, and Marionette. Its framework is based on the MVC architecture which provides a seamless connection synchronization between the front-end and back-end. However, it doesn’t provide ready-made structures to create the applications.

This is all about the frontend Web Development frameworks. Using them, you can develop several tools, build websites with responsive designs, create version control, and more

Web Development Languages and Frameworks

In this blog on Web Development for beginners, you have briefly learned about what Web Development is and who Web Developers are. Further, you have come across the numerous skills that you need to acquire to become a professional in this field. With our Web Development training, you will master these skills and more and will also receive an industry-recognized course completion certification from us.

Reach out to us on our Web Technology Community and get a resolution to all your Web Development-related queries!

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