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What Does a Data Analyst Do?

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Are you wondering what does a data analyst do? If yes, then you have come to the right place. Do you know that over 1,32,000 Data Analyst jobs are available in India, making it a lucrative career option? Additionally, the average salary for a data analyst in India is 6.3 LPA and $77,059 in the USA. So, in this blog, we will discuss the responsibilities, opportunities, and salary range of a Data Analyst.

Following are the topics we will cover in this blog:

Check out this YouTube video on Data Analytics:

What Is a Data Analyst?

A data analyst gathers, processes, and examines datasets using different methods and specialized software. They unveil trends, connections, and useful insights to help organizations in the decision-making process. Data analysts work with sectors like finance, marketing, healthcare, and technology to assist organizations in enhancing efficiency, boosting outcomes, and reaching objectives through data-driven decisions.

What Is Data Analysis?

Data analysis is the process of refining, transforming, and shaping data to derive insights and assist in decision-making.

  • Reviewing and Refining: Data analysis involves examining data to spot loopholes, errors, or missing values and fixing them to ensure data precision and reliability.
  • Identifying Patterns and Trends: Using techniques such as machine learning, and data analysis helps uncover hidden patterns, trends, relationships, and insights within datasets. 
  • Decision-Making Support: Data analysis allows organizations to make informed decisions, simplify operations, and guide future business strategies.

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Role of a Data Analyst

The importance of data analysis and management is also increasing with the expansion of data.  It can also create problems for organizations, therefore, Data Analysts play a huge role.

They extract actionable insights from complex datasets by analyzing trends, detecting patterns, and revealing connections. A data analyst helps businesses make decisions and achieve their goals more efficiently. Their skills allow organizations to streamline operations and improve performance.


Task and Responsibilities of a Data Analyst

Roles and Responsibilities of Data Analysts:

  • Data collection: Obtain information from different sources to ascertain its completeness as well as accuracy. 
  • Data Cleaning: This is a process that involves refining data to eliminate any discrepancies that may have occurred during the collection or recording phase. 
  • Data Evaluating: Trained on data by using methods and tools to identify trends among them. 
  • Data Visualization: They create meaningful visualizations to get insights. 
  • Creating Reports: Make reports that summarize the outcome of the analysis. 
  • Offering Guidance: Make suggestions based on their findings using data analysis, thus helping people who make decisions. 

Skills Required for a Data Analyst Role

Data Analyst Skills
  1. Database Tools: While Excel can be found in many industries, SQL is indispensable for managing and analyzing complex datasets, therefore it should be noted that analysts ought to know how to operate these two database tools because they are highly flexible concerning dataset size.
  2. Programming Languages: If you want to handle datasets and perform complex analyses then proficiency in programming languages such as Python or R would be more useful. Nevertheless, requirements may differ depending on the job and it can sometimes be helpful to look at job postings to know which language best suits your field of specialization.
  3. Data visualization: For data analysts, making sure that insights are excellently communicated through support is very important. Common tools used include Tableau, Jupyter Notebook, and Excel to make beautiful charts and graphs which help in passing on findings to investors.
  4. Statistics and Mathematics: Decisions in data analytics require a thorough understanding of principles as well as mathematical concepts. This knowledge helps in selecting the tools for identifying differences in data and making valid interpretations.

Salary and Job Trends of Data Analysts

Job RoleAverage Salary in IndiaAverage Salary in the USA
Data Analyst – Experience
(0 – 9) years
Minimum – 1.8 LPAMinimum – 49,059 USD
Average – 6.3 LPAAverage – 76,882 USD
Highest – 13 LPAHighest – 120,485 USD

According to the job posted on LinkedIn by Data Unveil

Role: Data Analyst


  1. Ability to analyze large datasets to identify patterns, trends, and correlations.
  2. Create and maintain reports, dashboards, and visualizations.
  3. Ability to collaborate with cross-functional teams to understand business requirements.
  4. Stay updated on industry trends and best data analytics and visualization practices.
  5. Communicate findings and recommendations to technical and non-technical audiences through written reports and presentations.


  1. Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics, Statistics, or Computer Science
  2. Previous work experience as a data analyst or a similar position 
  3. Python, SQL, or PowerBI skills for manipulating data subsets and visualizing it 
  4. Practical experience with statistical analysis packages like MS Excel and Tableau 
  5. Strong analytical and problem-solving abilities
  6. Excellent communication skills and interpersonal skills
  7. Furthermore, any expertise using cloud-based data platforms such as Azure or AWS would be an advantage.

Prepare yourself for the industry by going through these Data Analyst Interview Questions now!

Why Is Data Analytics the Hottest Career?

Data Analytics is the hottest career because businesses and technology fields use information extensively, and there is a great need for qualified individuals who can process this information into valuable business intelligence. Here are some significant reasons why data analytics has appeared as one of the most required and rapidly growing careers globally:

  1. Key planned position with visibility within organizations
  2. Plenty of job opportunities across sectors
  3. Average salary above 13.4 lakhs per year
  4. Exposure to the latest developments in data, AI/ML technologies
  5. Chance to drive change and make an impact through a data-oriented approach

Amazon, Microsoft, and Accenture are among such multinational companies as disruptive start-ups and unicorns that place priority on hiring experts in Data Analytics primarily because of the huge benefits that could be derived from using data optimally.

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Tools for Data Analysis

Data analysts often use various tools to make their work more accurate and efficient during data analysis. Some common tools in the data analytics industry include:

  • Microsoft Excel: Excel is a spreadsheet software for working with data that is well known in use and has an easy-to-use interface covering simple to advanced tasks to be done on data.
  • Python: Python is an all-purpose language known for its ease of learning and clear syntax. It has rich libraries dedicated to data analysis, machine learning, web development, etc.
  • R: R is an open-source programming language and software environment intended chiefly for statistical computing and graphics. It is a preferred tool among statisticians and data scientists due to its strength in analyzing complex data sets.
  • SQL: Structured Query Language (SQL) allows users to manage relational databases by providing a way of querying, inserting, updating, and deleting rows, including defining tables or manipulating other database structures.
  • Tableau: A graphical representation program used in the preparation of interactive and sharable dashboards, charts, or reports from different sources of information without needing extensive coding skills.
  • Power BI: This is a Microsoft Business Analytics tool offering interactive visualization features around self-service business intelligence capabilities alongside data preparation options.
  • Jupyter Notebooks: They are open-source web applications that allow one to create and share documents that contain live code snippets, equations, visualizations, and narrative text; they are desirable for exploration, analysis, or sharing.
  • SAS: The SAS is a software suite used in advanced analytics, business intelligence, and data management, providing various statistical analysis and predictive modeling capabilities.
  • MATLAB: MATLAB is a programming language and computing environment mainly used for numerical computation, data analysis, algorithm development, and visualization, particularly in engineering and scientific research.
  • Apache Spark: Apache Spark is a distributed computing system designed to run big data quickly and generally by supporting Spark APIs in Java, Scala, Python, or R.

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Types of Data Analysts

Data analysts play an important role in fields like law enforcement, fashion, culinary arts, technology, business, environmental studies, and public administration.

They are also known by job titles, like:

Are You Prepared to Kickstart Your Career as a Data Analyst?

To become a Data Analyst, you can cultivate a few skills. Here are some flexible learning ways:

  1. Professional Certification: Introduction level certificate programs train on some technologies like SQL or statistics. Most of them give practical implementing projects, where students do some hands-on work to create their portfolios for real-time feedback.
  2. Bachelor’s Degree: Statistics, mathematics, or computer science is required for any career in Data Analysis.
  3. Self-Directed Learning: In physical terms, it means you learn at your page without guidance. Portfolios with projects will let bosses know your strengths.

Learn about the difference between Business Analysts and Data analysts in our blog at Business Analyst vs Data Analyst.


This blog has given you an insight into what Data Analytics is and who these professionals are. Moreover, you got in-depth knowledge of how you can become a Data Analytics professional in well-known organizations. You also learned about the various skills required, along with understanding the responsibilities of this job role. Further, you came across the numerous opportunities that are waiting for you to grab. So, register for the Data Analyst Course and become a professional in this domain now!

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