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How to Become a Research Analyst? Job Description, Skills, and Salary

How to Become a Research Analyst? Job Description, Skills, and Salary
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Research Analysts are in high demand as companies aim to gain valuable insights from the huge amounts of data they accumulate. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the job outlook for Research Analysts is forecasted to grow much faster than average over the next decade. The attractive pay, exciting work, and abundant job opportunities make Research Analysis an appealing career path for many.

This blog will walk you through how to become a Research Analyst, including job duties, required skills, education, certifications, salary potential, and career growth opportunities. By the end, you’ll have a clear roadmap to launching your career as a Research Analyst.

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Who is a Research Analyst?

A research analyst explores topics by gathering information and analyzing data to help organizations make better decisions. Research analysts typically have strong critical thinking and communication skills and are curious to understand complex issues deeply.

Job Description and Responsibilities of a Research Analyst

The key responsibilities mostly mentioned in research analyst job description include:

Key Responsibilities of a Research Analyst
  • Identifying Research Topics or questions to address based on business needs. For example, a company may want to know about customer satisfaction with a new product or trends in social media.
  • Performing Background Research from various sources like public data, surveys, case studies, and experiments. Research analysts must gather information from credible sources and understand the context around issues. 
  • Synthesizing Information to develop insights and make recommendations. Analysts must logically piece together findings from multiple sources to understand key implications and potential actions. 
  • Communicating Results and Conclusions to stakeholders. Analysts generally have to report on research findings, often with visual presentations and reports to convey meaningful takeaways. 
  • Staying Up-to-Date with the latest tools, data sources, and methods. Research analysts must be lifelong learners as new technologies and datasets constantly evolve.
  • Conducting Studies to gather primary data through focus groups, interviews, surveys, etc. Some research analysts are also involved in designing and executing research studies to collect fresh data tailored to business needs.
  • Determining the Methodology and data sources for research projects: Research Analysts choose the appropriate research methods, analytical techniques, and data sets to use for research projects based on the questions and goals. They identify relevant data sources and determine how to extract the needed data.
  • Analyzing Data using statistics, data visualization, and data mining techniques to uncover patterns and insights: Research Analysts explore the organized data through statistical analysis, data visualization dashboards/ tools, and data mining algorithms to find trends, patterns, and insights that can drive business decisions. 
  • Monitoring Industry Trends and keeping up with new data analysis tools and methods: Research Analysts stay up-to-date with trends in data analysis software, methods, and techniques so they can apply them to research projects as needed. They also keep track of trends in the overall industry and subject matter areas they research.
  • Troubleshooting any data accuracy or quality issues and ensuring high standards: Research Analysts address any data quality, cleanliness, or accuracy issues to ensure insights and recommendations are based on correct information. They maintain strict standards for data and analysis quality.  
Courses offered
Data Analytics CourseData Analyst Course
CBDA CertificationAdvanced Certification in Big Data Analytics
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Advanced Certification in Data Analytics for Business

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Skills Required for a Research Analyst Role    

Following are the research analyst skills required in order to proceed ahead in the career.

  • Proficiency in Data Analytics, Statistics, and Visualization Tools like Excel, SPSS, Tableau, etc.: It is imperative to learn these said tools. Research Analysts have experience with data analysis tools, testing, and data visualization to conduct research and uncover insights.
  • Strong Attention to Detail and Logical Reasoning Abilities: Research Analysts analyze data in a precise, organized, and logical manner. They have the reasoning skills to determine how data is related and what conclusions can be drawn. 
  • Excellent Communication and Storytelling Skills to Convey Insights and Recommendations: Research Analysts interpret data and communicate key findings and recommendations to stakeholders in an impactful way. They use data visualizations, reports, presentations, and more to share research insights effectively.
  • Curious mindset with a desire to seek out underlying Patterns and Answers: Research Analysts have an innate curiosity to explore data and find meaningful insights. They ask thoughtful questions and search for explanations and solutions hidden within the information. 
  • Familiarity with Data mining, Machine learning, and Market Research Techniques: Research Analysts have experience with data mining, machine learning, surveys, focus groups, and more to uncover data insights. These market research analyst techniques are significant for administering certain data. They understand how to apply the proper methods to different research objectives.
  • Knowledge of Programming Languages like SQL, Python, or R to analyze large Datasets: Research Analysts have proficiency in programming languages tailored to data analysis like SQL, Python, and R. These skills allow them to gather, manipulate and analyze substantial datasets with efficiency. 
  • Bachelor’s Degree in a field like Statistics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Information Technology, or Business Administration: Research Analysts typically have an undergraduate education providing foundational knowledge of statistics, data analysis, research methods, and more. Statistics, computer science, information technology, and business degrees are common.
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Educational Requirements to Become a Research Analyst  

Statistics or Mathematics: Provides the solid analytical and statistical foundation needed for data analysis and research. Coursework includes probability theory, statistical testing, regression analysis, survey methodology, and more. These programs equip students with the quantitative skills to manage data projects.

Computer Science: Builds technical skills in data mining, programming, and tools used by Research Analysts. The curriculum covers data structures, database systems, software engineering, machine learning, and various programming languages like SQL, Python, and R, which Research Analysts rely on.

Information Technology: Supplies data management, storage, and networking knowledge essential for research and analysis. Subject areas comprise database administration, data warehousing, business intelligence, web technologies, and IT project management. These topics provide context around data to support research.

Business Administration: Offers instruction in research methods, data analysis, and insights to support decision-making and strategy. Relevant courses explore statistics, managerial economics, marketing research, operations management, and information systems. This background provides business acumen to analyze data and communicate results to stakeholders.

Certified Analytics Professional (CAP®): Demonstrates data analysis, mining, and visualization proficiency. Offered by INFORMS.  The CAP certification confirms a Research Analyst’s abilities in analytics and helps build credibility.

Google Cloud Certified Professional Data Engineer: Validates skills in managing and analyzing data with the Google Cloud Platform. This certification shows competency in tools like BigQuery, Cloud SQL, Cloud Datastore, and Google Cloud Pub/Sub which Research Analysts may work with.

SAS Certified Data Scientist Using SAS 9: Proves ability to derive insights from complex data using SAS statistical software. Offered by SAS.  For Research Analysts proficient in SAS, this certification demonstrates their skills in applying statistical and machine learning techniques to data with the platform. 

Some Other Courses Offered
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Post Graduate Certification in Business Analysis & Product Management

Salary and Job Outlook for Research Analysts

Salary and Job Outlook for Research Analysts

In India, an entry-level research analyst salary can be expected between Rs. 3,00,000 to Rs. 8,00,000 per year. The salary depends on the factors like experience, skills, location, and the employing company. In the United States, research analysts earn a median pay of around US$83,000 annually. The actual pay depends on experience, education, location, and employer. 

According to Glassdoor, the average annual salary for an entry-level Research Analyst in the US is $58,373. Mid-level research analysts with 5-10 years of experience can command US$73,185 annually. Experienced research analysts with specialized expertise and leadership roles can make $98,255 or higher.

The job outlook for research analysts is quite encouraging across the globe. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of research analysts in the US is projected to grow 14% from 2018 to 2028, much faster than average. In India, the job market for research analysts is also booming with 15-20% annual growth due to the proliferation of data and a greater emphasis on data-driven decision-making.

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Career Growth Opportunities for Research Analysts  

There is a range of career opportunities, starting from senior research analyst to director to consultant.  Developing specialized expertise and pursuing higher education can open more rewarding career paths. Upgrading skills and continuously seeking new opportunities help research analysts advance professionally and financially over the long run.

Research analysts have various promising career opportunities. Some possible career paths include:

Senior Research Analyst: With 5-10 years of experience, research analysts can become senior research analysts. Senior research analysts undertake complex projects, lead teams, and train junior analysts. The pay for this role is significantly higher than for research analysts. 
Research Director: Highly experienced senior research analysts may advance to research directors, overseeing research divisions and teams. It is a leadership role with higher pay and responsibility.
Subject Matter Expert: Some research analysts specialize in areas like healthcare, finance, or technology and become subject matter experts. Their specialized knowledge is valued for consulting and advisory roles. Subject matter experts command higher pay than generalist research analysts.
Consultant: Experienced research analysts, especially those with specialized expertise, can work as independent consultants, advising organizations on research and data analysis. It provides more flexibility and potential for higher earnings but can be unstable. Strong networking and marketing skills are required.
Professor: Research analysts with a master’s or Ph.D. and a passion for teaching may pursue a career as a professor. Practical industry experience is valued. Compensation may be lower than in the industry, but it provides stability and a good work-life balance. 


Research Analysts play an important role in helping organizations utilize data to gain valuable business insights and make key decisions. While the job requires certain technical and analytical skills, many find it an exciting and rewarding career path with significant opportunities for growth over time. If you have a curious mind, love solving complex problems, and want to work with data to drive real business impact, becoming a Research Analyst may be an excellent choice for you!

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