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# Enumerate() Function in Python - A Detailed Explanation

## What Is Enumerate in Python?

Before we jump into understanding What is enumerate in Python, let us unfold the chapter by finding out what enumerate Python is and what it means to enumerate something. The term ‘enumerate’ is commonly used in mathematics and computer science, which is nothing but ordered listing of all elements in a collection.
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Now that we have an idea about what is enumerate in Python, in general, means, we can go ahead and start working on the python enumerate function. Following is the list of all topics covered in this module.

## Python Enumerate Function

As mentioned earlier, in order to perform enumerate in Python, the Python programming language offers a simple function that not only makes iterating operations a lot easier but also helps our program look cleaner.
Let us prove this with the help of an example.

```List = [“Red”, “Green”, “Black”, “Blue”]
for i in range(len(List)):
print(i, List[i])
```

Output:

```0 Red
1 Green
2 Black
3 Blue```

But, the same thing can be achieved by one simple function without using range and length functions, which can become tricky at times.
Let us see how Python enumerate makes it less complicated.

## Enumerating a List

With the help of Python enumerate function, we can iterate over the index and value in a Python list by using a basic for loop. Let us see how:

```List = [“Red”, “Green”, “Black”, “Blue”]
for i, j in enumerate(List):
print(i, j)

Output:
0 Red
1 Green
2 Black
3 Blue```

Even though both programs have same length, just by looking at both, we can tell that the second one with the enumerate function in Python is less complicated. One function is doing all the magic.

### Fun fact

With the help of enumerate, we can create a Python Dictionary out of a list very easily. Let us see how:

```List = [“Red”, “Green”, “Black”, “Blue”]
Dict= dict(enumerate(List))
print(Dict)
```

Output:

`{0: ‘Red’, 1: ‘Green’, 2: ‘Black’, 3: ‘Blue’}`

Interesting, right? Indeed! Well, not only in list, enumerate can be applied to other Python data types as well. Now, let us go ahead and see how to use enumerate Python in different data types in Python.

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## Enumerating a Tuple

Just the way we performed enumerate Python in a list, we can enumerate a Python tuple. Let us try this out with a simple example.

### Example:

```List = [“Red”, “Green”, “Black”, “Blue”]
for i, j in enumerate(List):
print(i, j)
```

Output:

```0 Red
1 Green
2 Black
3 Blue```

Now that we have learned how to enumerate a list and a tuple, let us see how to enumerate a list of tuples.

## Enumerating a List of Tuples

### Example:

```List1 = [(10,”Red”), (5,”Green”), (8,”Black”),(2,”Blue”)]
for idx, (count, color) in enumerate(List1):
print(idx, count, color)
```

Output:

```0 10 Red
1 5 Green
2 8 Black
3 2 Blue```

This method of getting values out of a tuple is also referred to as tuple unpacking.
Alright, let us move ahead and see how to apply enumerate over a Python String.

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## Enumerating a String

### Example:

```String = “Python”
for i, j in enumerate(String):
print(i, j)
```

Output:

```
0 P
1 y
2 t
3 h
4 o
5 n```

Well, we have to note that enumerate in python, by default, starts from index 0, which is considered as the starting index. Now, with the help of the enumerate function in Python, we can also specify the index that we want to operate the enumerate function in Python from.

## Enumerating from a Specific Index

Let us view how to enumerate from a specific index and not from index 0 with the help of an example.

### Example:

```String = “Python”
for i, j in enumerate(String, 1):
print(i, j)
```

Output:

```
1 P
2 y
3 t
4 h
5 o
6 n```

This often comes in handy when we don’t want to start the iteration from 0.

## Enumerating Inside a List Comprehension

Enumerating inside a list comprehension makes things very less complicated for programmers.

### Example:

```String = “Python”
for i, j in enumerate(String, 1):
print(i, j)
```

Output:

```1 P
2 y
3 t
4 h
5 o
6 n```

With this, we come to the end of this module in Python Tutorial. Now, if you want to know why Python is the most preferred language for data science, you can go through this blog on Python Data Science tutorial.

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