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Top Amazon AWS Interview Questions – Most Asked

AWS Interview Question
If you are going for an AWS interview, then this expert prepared list of AWS interview questions is all you need to get through the interview. You will learn about cloud architecture, starting, stopping and terminating an AWS instance, comparing Amazon Machine Image & an instance, auto-scaling, vertical scalability, AWS security and more. If you want to master AWS and get certified then check the Intellipaat AWS training course.

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Top Answers to AWS Interview Questions

1. Compare AWS and OpenStack
Criteria AWS OpenStack
License Amazon proprietary Open Source
Operating System Whatever cloud administrator provides Whatever AMIs provided by AWS
Performing repeatable operations Through templates Through text files
2. What is AWS?

AWS (Amazon Web Services) is a platform to provide secure cloud services, database storage, offerings to compute power, content delivery, and other services to help business level and develop.

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3. What is the importance of buffer in Amazon Web Services?

An Elastic Load Balancer ensures that the incoming traffic is distributed optimally across various AWS instances.  A buffer will synchronize different components and makes the arrangement additional elastic to a burst of load or traffic. The components are prone to work in an unstable way of receiving and processing the requests. The buffer creates the equilibrium linking various apparatus and crafts them effort at the identical rate to supply more rapid services.

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4. What is the way to secure data for carrying in the cloud?

One thing must be ensured that no one should seize the information in the cloud while data is moving from point one to another and also there should not be any leakage with the security key from several storerooms in the cloud. Segregation of information from additional companies’ information and then encrypting it by means of approved methods is one of the options.

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5. Name the several layers of Cloud Computing.

Here is the list of layers of the cloud computing

  • PaaS – Platform as a Service
  • IaaS – Infrastructure as a Service
  • SaaS – Software as a Service
6. Distinguish between scalability and flexibility

The aptitude of any scheme to enhance the tasks on hand on its present hardware resources to grip inconsistency in command is known as scalability. The capability of a scheme to augment the tasks on hand on its present and supplementary hardware property is recognized as flexibility, hence enabling the industry to convene command devoid of putting in the infrastructure at all.  AWS has several configuration management solutions for AWS scalability, flexibility, availability and management.

7. Name the various layers of the cloud architecture

There are 5 layers and are listed below

  • CC- Cluster Controller
  • SC- Storage Controller
  • CLC- Cloud Controller
  • Walrus
  • NC- Node Controller
8. Define auto-scaling.

Auto- scaling is one of the remarkable features of AWS where it permits you to arrange and robotically stipulation and spin up fresh examples without the requirement for your involvement. This can be achieved by setting brinks and metrics to watch. If those entrances are overcome, a fresh example of your selection will be configured, spun up and copied into the weight planner collection.

9. Which automation gears can help with spinup services?

The API tools can be used for spinup services and also for the written scripts. Those scripts could be coded in Perl, bash or other languages of your preference. There is one more option that is patterned administration and stipulating tools such as a dummy or improved descendant. A tool called Scalr can also be used and finally we can go with a controlled explanation like a Rightscale.

10. Is it possible to scale an Amazon instance vertically? How?

Yes, it is possible. Just stop the server and then change its instance type and again start server.

11. How the processes start, stop and terminate works? How?

Starting and stopping of an instance: If an instance gets stopped or ended, the instance functions a usual power cut and then change over to a clogged position. You can establish the case afterward since all the EBS volumes of Amazon remain attached. If an instance is in stopping state, then you will not get charged for additional instance.

Finishing the instance: If an instance gets terminated it tends to perform a typical blackout, so the EBS volumes which are attached will get removed except the volume’s deleteOnTermination characteristic is set to zero. In such cases, the instance will get removed and cannot set it up afterward.

12. What is the relation between an instance and AMI?

AMI can be elaborated as Amazon Machine Image, basically, a template consisting software configuration part. For example an OS, applications, application server. If you start an instance, a duplicate of the AMI in a row as an unspoken attendant in the cloud.

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13. What is DynamoDB?

When You require a fast and flexible NoSQL database with a flexible datamodel and reliable performance then DynamoDB is the service from AWS

14. Security elements used at network and server level in AWS?

A network ACL is anetwork security for your Amazon VPC that acts as afirewall for controlling traffic in and out of one or more subnets.

Security Groups is security placed at server level which is first level of defence

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