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Top Business Analyst Interview Questions And Answers

Top business analyst interview questions
We have compiled the most relevant business analyst interview questions asked in top organizations to help you clear your business analyst interview. Here you will understand what is business analysis process flow, phases of IT project, CATWOE analysis, RUP methodology for software development, requirements work plan, business process modeling, UML and more. Learn Business Analysis from Intellipaat Business Analyst certification training and excel in your career.

Top Answers to Business Analyst Interview Questions

1. What is the difference between Data Analyst and Business Analyst?
Sl.noData Analyst Business Analyst
1Requires more problem-solving skills & data analysis skillsRequires more of decision making skills & data visualization skills.
2It is more of an operational role in the organizationIt is more of a strategic role in the organization
3Knowledge on Statistics, SQL, Data mining, etc.Knowledge on Business Intelligence, Data warehousing, Analytics, etc.
2. List the core competencies of business analyst.
  1. Analytical thinking & Decision making
  2. Business & Industry knowledge
  3. Business process management
  4. Technical & Soft skills.
  5. Problem solving & Negotiation skills

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3. What is feasibility study?

The requirements and problems of the Business/ project should be studied and understood by a BA and he should set a scope for the business problem. Feasibility study is identifying the possibility(success rate) of the proposed idea for a business problem. It helps to identify new opportunities and focus on the project.

4. What are the different tools used in business analysis?


  1. MS office, SQL
  2. Blueprint
  3. Python, R
  4. QlikView, Tableau
  5. Axure
5. Explain the business analysis process flow.
  1. Information gathering
  2. Identify key stakeholders
  3. Identify the business objective
  4. Determine the available options
  5. Scope definition
  6. Define Delivery plan
  7. Define requirements for the project
  8. Implementation & Evaluation
6. How do you perform risk management in your project?

A risk is defined as an uncertain event that causes threat to the existing business which can cause impact on revenue or sometimes on the profits of the business. Risk management techniques such as risk avoidance, reduction, transfer and acceptance can be used. We have to identify, analyze, evaluate and control the risk in the business.

7. Difference between risk mitigation and risk avoidance.
S.noRisk mitigation Risk avoidance
1Risk mitigation is what to do when risk occurs.Risk avoidance is what to do to avoid risk.
2Reduces the probability of risk occurrenceAvoiding the risk by eliminating the cause
3Impact occurs for the project/business already.Impact of the threat occurrence is reduced to 0%
4Cost is high in case risk occurs.Cost is eliminated in risk avoidance.
8. What are the different phases of an IT Project?

There are five phases in Project management which includes –

  1. Project Initiation
  2. Project Planning
  3. Project Execution
  4. Project Monitoring and control
  5. Project Closure
9. Difference between software development lifecycle and project lifecycle. Software development lifecycle Project lifecycle
1Used for developing particular software products.Used for developing new product in the business.
2Mostly involves single software across different phases.Involves multiple software in a single customer scenario.
3SDLC phases are requirement gathering, design, coding, documentation, operations and maintenance.PDLC phases are Idea generation, screening, research, development, testing and analysis.
10. What are the tasks and responsibilities of project manager?

A project manager is responsible for taking decisions, controls risks and delivers the project on stipulated time. His responsibilities include –

  • Defining scope
  • Resource planning
  • Cost and budget estimation
  • Risk analysis
  • Quality control
11. What do you mean by critical path analysis?

A project will involve a set of activities from Start to Finish, a critical path is the set of activities which includes the longest path in the whole project. So, a critical path analysis is a key component in reducing project timelines & controls cost.

12. How CATWOE helps in Business analysis and decision making?

Customers, Actors, Transformation process, Worldview, Owners and Environmental constraints (CATWOE) – Helps in making decision ahead of time. Analyzing how will those decisions affect customers(C), whose involved as actors(A), what different transformation(T) processes are going to happen which might affect the system, global picture and worldwide(W) issues, who is responsible/ownership(O) for the business and what will be the environmental(E) impacts due to the project/business carried out.

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13. List various components of strategy analysis.

In order to develop a strategic plan for an organization, the key components are –

  1. Vision
  2. Mission
  3. Objectives
  4. Strategies
  5. Action plan
14. What is Business Modeling?

Identify the value proposition for a business and then build a step-by-step approach for operating the business. This step-by-step approach is known as business modeling. It includes the vision, mission and strategies to achieve those goals.

15. List various software engineering processes.
  1. Gathering of requirements
  2. Analyzing
  3. Designing
  4. Implementing
  5. Testing
  6. Deploying in the business environment.
16. Difference between Agile and Waterfall model
S.noAgile ModelWaterfall model
1Flexible in nature.Structured software development methodology.
2Focuses on customer satisfaction majorly.Internal process does not require customer participation
3Flexible to changes in requirement.Requirements must be clearly defined, changes are difficult to implement.
4Incremental ApproachSequential design process
5Testing can be done in every phase.Testing is performed only in final phase.
17. What is RUP Methodology?

Rational Unified Process (RUP) is a product application improvement method with numerous devices to help with coding the last product and assignments identified with this objective. RUP is an object-oriented approach used to guarantee successful project management and top-notch software production.

18. What is RAD Methodology?

Rapid Application Development model (RAD) is a kind of incremental model. The phases of the project are produced in parallel as individual project. The developments in the project are time boxed, delivered and afterward assembled into a working model.

19. What are the Project deliverables?

The project deliverables are the set of measurable goods and services that are delivered to the end customer at the completion of the project. It is the outcome of the project.

20. List the components of Requirements Work Plan
  1. Project description
  2. Key issues
  3. Deliverables
  4. Goals and objectives
  5. Strategy
  6. Resources
  7. Budget, time
21. What is the purpose of Requirement traceability matrix?

RTM is used to record all the requirements given by client, so the purpose of RTM is to ensure all of the mentioned requirements are met.

22. What is Business Process Modelling?

Business process modelling is a part of business process management, which is used to improve the business process. It is the representation of organization’s business process.

23. List the benefits of Business process modelling.
  1. It is used to picture the clear understanding of business processes
  2. It provides consistency, control over the processes of the project
  3. Used to identify and eliminate errors and bottlenecks
  4. Gives a pathway for clear start and end for the process without hassles.
24. What is the use of UML?

Unified Modelling Language is a general purpose, developmental modelling language that provides a standard way to visualize the system. It is used to –

  • Reason the system behavior
  • Detect and eliminate errors
  • To propose design plans to stakeholders
25. How do you analyze performance metrics?
  1. Make sure your key deliverables are met
  2. The budget and time for the project should not be exceeded
  3. Quality deliverables are maintained.
26. What do you think is the scope of business analysts in the agile methodology perspective?

With Agile, Business analysts act as a bridge between development team and stakeholders. They act on key deliverables to prioritize and deliver the project in stipulated time and budget.

27. What is meant by Scope creep?

Scope creep is defined as uncontrolled or sudden changes or deviations in the project’s scope without changes in other resources of the project. It is due to failure in proper monitoring or miscommunication, etc.

28. List the elicitation techniques in business analysis.

Elicitation is a practice of collecting requirements from end customers, stakeholders, it is a requirement gathering process. Various techniques are involved such as –

  1. Brainstorming
  2. Document analysis
  3. Focus group
  4. Interface analysis
  5. Interview
  6. Observation
  7. Prototyping
  8. Requirements Workshop
  9. Reverse Engineering
  10. Survey
29. What are the initial steps involved in Product development?
  1. Market Analysis
  2. SWOT Analysis
  3. Personas
  4. Competitor analysis
  5. Identify Strategic vision
30. What is BPMN gateway and what are its elements?

BPMN gateway is used for controlling the sequence of processes and flow of interaction which is in a way a processing modelling component.

The elements of BPMN gateway are –

  • Flow objects
  • Data connection objects
  • Swimlanes
  • Artifacts

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