Top Business Analyst Interview Questions And Answers
Top Answers to Business Analyst Interview Questions
|Sl.no||Data Analyst||Business Analyst|
|1||Requires more problem-solving skills & data analysis skills||Requires more of decision making skills & data visualization skills.|
|2||It is more of an operational role in the organization||It is more of a strategic role in the organization|
|3||Knowledge on Statistics, SQL, Data mining, etc.||Knowledge on Business Intelligence, Data warehousing, Analytics, etc.|
- Analytical thinking & Decision making
- Business & Industry knowledge
- Business process management
- Technical & Soft skills.
- Problem solving & Negotiation skills
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The requirements and problems of the Business/ project should be studied and understood by a BA and he should set a scope for the business problem. Feasibility study is identifying the possibility(success rate) of the proposed idea for a business problem. It helps to identify new opportunities and focus on the project.
- MS office, SQL
- Python, R
- QlikView, Tableau
- Information gathering
- Identify key stakeholders
- Identify the business objective
- Determine the available options
- Scope definition
- Define Delivery plan
- Define requirements for the project
- Implementation & Evaluation
A risk is defined as an uncertain event that causes threat to the existing business which can cause impact on revenue or sometimes on the profits of the business. Risk management techniques such as risk avoidance, reduction, transfer and acceptance can be used. We have to identify, analyze, evaluate and control the risk in the business.
|S.no||Risk mitigation||Risk avoidance|
|1||Risk mitigation is what to do when risk occurs.||Risk avoidance is what to do to avoid risk.|
|2||Reduces the probability of risk occurrence||Avoiding the risk by eliminating the cause|
|3||Impact occurs for the project/business already.||Impact of the threat occurrence is reduced to 0%|
|4||Cost is high in case risk occurs.||Cost is eliminated in risk avoidance.|
There are five phases in Project management which includes –
- Project Initiation
- Project Planning
- Project Execution
- Project Monitoring and control
- Project Closure
|S.no.||Software development lifecycle||Project lifecycle|
|1||Used for developing particular software products.||Used for developing new product in the business.|
|2||Mostly involves single software across different phases.||Involves multiple software in a single customer scenario.|
|3||SDLC phases are requirement gathering, design, coding, documentation, operations and maintenance.||PDLC phases are Idea generation, screening, research, development, testing and analysis.|
A project manager is responsible for taking decisions, controls risks and delivers the project on stipulated time. His responsibilities include –
- Defining scope
- Resource planning
- Cost and budget estimation
- Risk analysis
- Quality control
A project will involve a set of activities from Start to Finish, a critical path is the set of activities which includes the longest path in the whole project. So, a critical path analysis is a key component in reducing project timelines & controls cost.
Customers, Actors, Transformation process, Worldview, Owners and Environmental constraints (CATWOE) – Helps in making decision ahead of time. Analyzing how will those decisions affect customers(C), whose involved as actors(A), what different transformation(T) processes are going to happen which might affect the system, global picture and worldwide(W) issues, who is responsible/ownership(O) for the business and what will be the environmental(E) impacts due to the project/business carried out.
In order to develop a strategic plan for an organization, the key components are –
- Action plan
Identify the value proposition for a business and then build a step-by-step approach for operating the business. This step-by-step approach is known as business modeling. It includes the vision, mission and strategies to achieve those goals.
- Gathering of requirements
- Deploying in the business environment.
|S.no||Agile Model||Waterfall model|
|1||Flexible in nature.||Structured software development methodology.|
|2||Focuses on customer satisfaction majorly.||Internal process does not require customer participation|
|3||Flexible to changes in requirement.||Requirements must be clearly defined, changes are difficult to implement.|
|4||Incremental Approach||Sequential design process|
|5||Testing can be done in every phase.||Testing is performed only in final phase.|
Rational Unified Process (RUP) is a product application improvement method with numerous devices to help with coding the last product and assignments identified with this objective. RUP is an object-oriented approach used to guarantee successful project management and top-notch software production.
Rapid Application Development model (RAD) is a kind of incremental model. The phases of the project are produced in parallel as individual project. The developments in the project are time boxed, delivered and afterward assembled into a working model.
The project deliverables are the set of measurable goods and services that are delivered to the end customer at the completion of the project. It is the outcome of the project.
- Project description
- Key issues
- Goals and objectives
- Budget, time
RTM is used to record all the requirements given by client, so the purpose of RTM is to ensure all of the mentioned requirements are met.
Business process modelling is a part of business process management, which is used to improve the business process. It is the representation of organization’s business process.
- It is used to picture the clear understanding of business processes
- It provides consistency, control over the processes of the project
- Used to identify and eliminate errors and bottlenecks
- Gives a pathway for clear start and end for the process without hassles.
Unified Modelling Language is a general purpose, developmental modelling language that provides a standard way to visualize the system. It is used to –
- Reason the system behavior
- Detect and eliminate errors
- To propose design plans to stakeholders
- Make sure your key deliverables are met
- The budget and time for the project should not be exceeded
- Quality deliverables are maintained.
With Agile, Business analysts act as a bridge between development team and stakeholders. They act on key deliverables to prioritize and deliver the project in stipulated time and budget.
Scope creep is defined as uncontrolled or sudden changes or deviations in the project’s scope without changes in other resources of the project. It is due to failure in proper monitoring or miscommunication, etc.
Elicitation is a practice of collecting requirements from end customers, stakeholders, it is a requirement gathering process. Various techniques are involved such as –
- Document analysis
- Focus group
- Interface analysis
- Requirements Workshop
- Reverse Engineering
- Market Analysis
- SWOT Analysis
- Competitor analysis
- Identify Strategic vision
BPMN gateway is used for controlling the sequence of processes and flow of interaction which is in a way a processing modelling component.
The elements of BPMN gateway are –
- Flow objects
- Data connection objects