Datatypes in Salesforce

There are different kinds of data types depending on conditions. There are five different data types in API –

  • ID
  • String
  • Boolean
  • Double
  • Varies by type

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Different field types depending on the data types –

IDLook up relational, master-detail relationship
StringAuto number, email, phone, multi-select picklist, text, text area, long text area, rich text area, data category group reference, and URL
BooleanCheckbox
DoubleCurrency, Formula, number, Percent and roll-up summary
Varies by typeFormula Field

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Different Field Types –

Field Type  What the Field Contains
Address A compound data type that contains address field data.
AnyType A polymorphic data type that returns a string, picklist, reference,  Boolean, currency, int, double, percent, ID, date, DateTime, URL,  or email data depending on the kind of field involved.
Calculated Fields that are defined by a formula.
Combobox A Combobox, which includes a set of enumerated values and allows the user to specify a value, not in the list.
Currency Currency values.
DataCategoryGroupReference Reference to a data category group or a category unique name.
Email Email addresses.
Encryptedstring Encrypted text fields contain any combination of letters,  numbers, or symbols that are stored in an encrypted form. You can set a maximum length of up to 175 characters. Available in API versions 11.0 and later.
ID A primary key field for the object.
JunctionIdList A string array of referenced ID values that represent the many-to-many relationship of an underlying junction entity. Query and manipulate the string array to query and manipulate the underlying junction entities in a single API call.
Location A compound data type that contains latitude and longitude values for geolocation fields.
Masterrecord When records are merged, the ID of the record that is saved  (the other records are deleted).
Multipicklist Multi-select picklists, which include a set of enumerated values from which multiple values can be selected.
Percent Percentage values.
Phone Phone numbers. Values can include alphabetic characters.  Client applications are responsible for phone number formatting.
Picklist Picklists, which include a set of enumerated values from which one value can be selected.
Reference Cross-references to a different object. Analogous to a foreign key field in SQL.
Textarea A string that is displayed as a multiline text field.
URL URL values. Client applications should commonly display these as hyperlinks.

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Salesforce components

  • TAB Menu – In this all the tabs are arranged in a row.
  • All TAB Menu – In this we can find all the tabs available in salesforce.com.
  • More TAB Menu – In this, we can find more tabs available in salesforce.com.
  • User Menu – This is available at the top with a username. By using this component we can change our profile setting or my settings.
  • Sidebar Menu – In this, we have different sections like build, monitor, jobs, logs.
  • Application Menu – It allows shuffling between the applications.
  • Search Menu – It helps to search in Salesforce.

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