Top Answers to RPA (Robotic Process Automation) Interview Questions

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Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is among the top in-demand technologies today. The RPA industry is expected to experience a growth of US$3.11 billion by 2025, from about US$358 million in 2017. The rapid growth of the industry has given rise to numerous striving students and professionals, including you, who wish to pursue a career in RPA. Needless to say, most individuals today are looking to make a robust career in RPA. Read the following RPA interviews questions and prepare yourself for job interviews:

Q1. Compare Robotic Process Automation with traditional automation.
Q2. What is RPA?
Q3. List the different types of tools in RPA.
Q4. Describe the life cycle of RPA.
Q5. How would you deploy UiPath?
Q6. How do you invoke a UiPath workflow?
Q7. What is Citrix Automation?
Q8. What are RPA Bots and how to create them?
Q9. How are TaskBot, MetaBot, and IQBot different from one another in an RPA tool?
Q10. List the industrial applications of RPA.

RPA interview questions and answers can be majorly classified into the three categories listed below:
1. Basic

2. Intermediate

3. Advanced

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Basic Interview Questions

1. Compare Robotic Process Automation with traditional automation.

Criteria Robotic Process Automation Traditional Automation
Technology Non-intrusive, scalable, and versatile Intrusive, less scalable, and not so versatile
Interface Mimics human actions Relies on coding and APIs
Customization Excellent Average
Integration Excellent Average

2. What is RPA?

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is a type of software that is used to do automation of the fundamental tasks in software applications like how a human performs them. The software robot can be trained for a workflow/process with different steps and application. It could be, for example, taking received forms, sending a receipt message, checking the forms for completeness, documenting the form in a folder, and updating a spreadsheet with the form name, the date recorded, etc. RPA programming is intended to diminish the weight of monotonous, straightforward tasks/work on workers.

3. List the different types of tools in RPA.

  • Blue Prism
  • UiPath
  • Automation Anywhere
  • WorkFusion
  • OpenSpan

4. Describe the life cycle of RPA.

There are four different phases in the RPA life cycle:

RPA Lifecycle

  • Analysis: Identifying the business process for which RPA development is needed
  • Development of the Bot: Fulfilling the requirements
  • Testing: Performing quality checks
  • Deployment and Maintenance: Deploying and maintaining the bot by the team

5. How would you deploy UiPath?

  • Install UiPath Studio on the system on which we want to automate processes
  • To provision the machine, take the robot key from Orchestrator and enter it into the Robot Configuration board and, furthermore, the Configuration URL that can be found in the Admin section of Orchestrator
  • Publish the procedure, except if we simply need to utilize our existing procedure
  • Develop an Environment
  • On that Environment, create a release of the process
  • Start job

6. How do you invoke a UiPath workflow?

Workflows are small pieces of common automation that are reusable and applicable in multiple scenarios. They are used to automate similar processes. We can invoke a workflow using the ‘Invoke Workflow’ function in UiPath and save it as a template. We can also combine two workflows to make combined automation.

7. What is Citrix Automation?

Citrix automation is used to automate processes such as filling fields in a form and submitting the form in a virtual desktop application. We can also use it for processes such as data entry, etc.

Critix Automation

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8. What are RPA Bots and how to create them?

Bot creator tools, such as Automation Anywhere or UiPath, are used to create bots that are used to automate processes or tasks. The following steps are involved in the creating a bot:

  • Record a task
  • Complete the bot implementation
  • Test the bot
  • Upload the bot to perform the automation tasks

9. How are TaskBot, MetaBot, and IQBot different from one another in an RPA tool?

Features TaskBot MetaBot IQBot
Core competency Used in frontend Facilitates scalability with next-gen integration Continuous learning and enhancing process automation
Used For repetitive and rule-based tasks In complex and scalable processes To manage fuzzy rules
Example HR administration, procure-to-pay, quote-to-cash, etc. Enterprise-wide automation; requires only minimal maintenance Real-time learning, extracting languages from the given data, etc.

10. List the industrial applications of RPA.

  • Banking: Automation of credit card applications, loan processing, etc.
  • Retail: Updating orders, managing fake accounts, processing shipping notifications, etc.
  • Telecommunications: Monitoring subscriber feeds, fraud management, customer data updates, etc.
  • HR: Candidate sourcing, background verification, payroll automation, etc.

Intermediate Interview Questions

11. List the advantages of Robotic Process Automation.

  • Improved efficiency of tasks
  • Performing the tasks quickly without errors
  • Increased productivity
  • Cost-saving
  • Decreased turnaround time

12. How do you perform Screen Scraping in RPA?

Screen scraping is an essential component of the RPA toolkit. It is used to capture bitmap data from the screen and cross-check it with the stored information to decipher it.

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13. List the benefits of Screen Scraping.

  • It works on application elements that are not accessible through the code or UI frameworks.
  • It provides text digitization through Optical Character Recognition (OCR).
  • It is easy to implement and mostly accurate.

14. How can you differentiate RPA from Macros?

Robots Macros
Learn and enhance themselves from repetitive processes Do not learn from repetitive processes
Can act autonomously Cannot act autonomously
Respond to external stimuli and reprogram themselves Do not respond to external stimuli
Highly secured automation Security is not a high priority here

15. What are the different automation frameworks used in software automation testing?

  • Modular automation framework
  • Keyword-driven framework
  • Hybrid automation framework
  • Data-driven framework

16. List the components of RPA Solution Architecture.

  • Enterprise applications such as ERP Solutions (SAP)
  • RPA tools, in any environment such as Citrix, web, or desktop
  • RPA platform: Scheduling, distributing, and monitoring the execution of software bots
  • RPA execution infrastructure
  • Configuration management

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17. What is Thin Client and Thick Client in RPA?

Thin Client Thick Client
Does not run on a local machine, rather runs on a virtual client/server architecture Directly installed on a local machine
E.g., VMware, VirtualBox, etc. E.g., any apps like notepad, browser, etc.

18. List the limitations of RPA.

  • Limitations to tasks like decision-making or judgmental tasks
  • Not a cognitive computing solution, rather learns through experience
  • Might be error-prone when subjected to new environments without experience
  • Higher cost of implementation across the industry

19. Explain Flow Switch in UiPath.

Flow switch (aka flow decision) is a flowchart-specific activity that splits the control flow into two or more branches based on some conditions. Whichever condition is satisfied, that task is executed.

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20. What are the different activities performed by UiPath?

  • Core activities: For the automation process
  • Cognitive activities: For language translations
  • Credential activities: For enabling the addition and deletion of credentials
  • Database activities: For executing queries, transactions, etc.
  • Excel activities: For automating MS Excel tasks
  • FTP activities: For performing functions in the FTP server
  • Intelligent OCR activities: For digitization and scraping
  • Mail activities: For working with IMAP, POP3, SMTP, Outlook, etc.
  • PDF activities: For data extraction from PDF
  • Python activities: For invoking Python scripts and methods
  • Terminal activities: For retrieving data from the terminal
  • Web activities: For performing SOAP and HTTP requests to any web APIs
  • Word activities: For automating activities in MS Word

Advanced Interview Questions

21. What are the various types of Recording available in UiPath?

  • Basic recording
  • Desktop recording
  • Web recording
  • Citrix recording

22. Differentiate between Blue Prism and UiPath.

Criteria Blue Prism UiPath
Programming language C# VB
Control room/dashboard Client-based server (app-based) UiPath Orchestrator (web-based)
Cost High for acquiring and usage Low for development

23. What are the important aspects to be considered in the planning phase of automation?

  • Selecting the right RPA tool
  • Choosing the right framework
  • Selecting various items, such as in scope and out scope, based on the task
  • Testing the environment
  • Identification of deliverables

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24. If the organization's infrastructure is not aligned with RPA, then what needs to be done?

RPA does not have compatibility issues; it can simply be enabled in the organization’s existing infrastructure. Moreover, it can be modified and is flexible enough to make it aligned easily with the organization’s infrastructure if needed.

25. Define Single Block Activity in UiPath.

Single Block Activity (aka Sequence) is a small project used for linear processes. It enables us to go from one activity to another in a flow, and hence the name. It can be reused, when needed, for automation as an individual or as a part of the state machine.

Single Block Activity

26. How do you use Assign Activity and Delay Activity in UiPath?

  • Assign activity is generally used to assign a value or output to a variable. It can be used inside loops, arrays, etc.
  • Delay activity is used to delay or pause the automation for a particular duration.

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27. When do we use UI automation? What are the three types f automation?

When the robots and applications run on the same machine, we can use UI automation. It can integrate directly with the technology behind the application to trigger events, identify elements, and get the data. There are three types:

  • Desktop automation
  • Image automation
  • Background automation

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28. What are Selectors in UiPath?

UiPath uses selectors that store the attributes of a graphical user interface element and its parents in the form of an XML fragment. Selectors are automatically generated. A selector has the following structure:

<node_1/><node_2/>…<node_N/>

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29. Explain how to Create and Remove an argument in UiPath.

To create an argument:

  • In the Designer panel, click on ‘Arguments’ (the Argument panel will be displayed)
  • Click on Create argument line

To remove an argument:

  • In the Arguments panel, select an argument or right-click on the argument and press ‘Delete’

30. What are the different types of Logs? What are Log Fields?

There are two different types of Logs:

  • Default logs
    • Execution start
    • Execution end
    • Transaction start
    • Transaction end
    • Error log
    • Debugging log
  • User-defined logs

Log fields are Message, Level, Timestamp, FileName, jobId, processName, processVersion, windowsIdentity, and robotName.

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