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What is Polygon BlockChain (MATIC)?

What is Polygon BlockChain (MATIC)?

Join us as we explore the countless possibilities this ground-breaking technology holds and delve into its complexities. Set out on a trip that will, one block at a time, transform your understanding of blockchain.

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What is Polygon (MATIC) Blockchain?

Polygon, previously known as Matic Network, operates as an Ethereum layer-2 scaling solution. Its objective is to provide a platform for establishing and connecting blockchain networks that align with Ethereum. The Polygon blockchain presents a diverse ecosystem of interconnected chains, which effectively tackles critical issues found within Ethereum, such as prolonged transaction durations and exorbitant gas expenses.

Developers can easily construct and deploy decentralized apps (DApps), using the scalable and interoperable Polygon blockchain. Its distinctive architecture combines the best elements of sovereign blockchains with Ethereum to provide a stable platform for various user applications.

How Does Polygon Blockchain Work?

How does Polygon Blockchain Work

Polygon aims to achieve scalability, security, and interoperability through the utilization of a diverse range of technologies. Now, let us analyze the principal elements of the Polygon blockchain ecosystem.

  • Proof of Stake (PoS) Consensus Mechanism
    Compared to Ethereum’s Proof of Work (PoW) consensus mechanism, Polygon blockchain’s Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus method is more secure and energy-efficient. Validators are chosen based on the number of tokens they own and are willing to “stake” as collateral when confirming transactions and adding new blocks.
  • Plasma Chains and Sidechains
    Polygon offloads transactions from the Ethereum mainchain, using Plasma chains and sidechains to relieve congestion and boost throughput. The Polygon bridge connects these sidechains to the Ethereum network to enable frictionless network interoperability.

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PoS Consensus Process of Polygon

Polygon’s PoS consensus mechanism is a way for the network to process transactions faster and more efficiently than other blockchain platforms. Based on the amount of cryptocurrency they own and “stake” in the network, validators are selected to build new blocks and validate transactions. The cryptocurrency is the MATIC token. Validators are rewarded for their direct participation in the network; they can lose their staked tokens if they act maliciously. This incentivizes them to act in the network’s best interest, which makes it more secure and trustworthy.

The PoS consensus mechanism used by Polygon allows for faster and more cost-efficient transactions because validators can process transactions without competing for computational resources. This differs from the PoW consensus mechanism used by Bitcoin and Ethereum, which requires computational power to validate transactions. The PoS mechanism is also more energy-efficient, which makes it a more environmentally friendly option. Overall, the PoS consensus mechanism used by Polygon makes it a scalable and secure platform for decentralized applications.

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Polygon Blockchain Explorer

The Polygon blockchain explorer is a simple tool that lets you monitor and follow transactions, addresses, and tokens on the Polygon network. It provides various features, including looking up individual transactions, investigating recently installed intelligent contracts, and assessing on-chain data.

Key Characteristics of Polygon Blockchain Explorer

The primary features of Polygon blockchain explorer include the following:

  • Up-to-date information on recent blocks and transactions.
  • Exhaustive details regarding each transaction including petrol costs, sender and recipient addresses, and contract exchanges.
  • Detailed information on token transactions and balances.
  • Tools for analyzing on-chain measurements and trends through visualization.

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Advantages of Polygon Blockchain

The advantages of Polygon blockchain make it an attractive option for developers and users seeking a faster, cheaper, and more scalable blockchain platform with a supportive ecosystem and a high level of security.

Some of the key advantages of Polygon blockchain include the following:

  • Faster and Cheaper Transactions – Polygon provides faster and cheaper transactions compared to the Ethereum network. This is achieved through the use of a modified version of Plasma and PoS consensus mechanism, which enables high throughput and low transaction fees.
  • Scalability – The Polygon blockchain platform surpasses the Ethereum network in its ability to handle a significantly higher number of transactions per second. This renders it a more scalable choice for decentralized applications (dApps) that demand substantial transaction volumes.
  • Interoperability – The designers of Polygon have ensured interoperability with other blockchain networks to enable the smooth transfer of assets and information across various platforms.
  • Security – Polygon maintains a high level of security through its use of Ethereum’s security infrastructure and by implementing additional security measures such as the use of fraud proofs.
  • Ecosystem – The Polygon ecosystem includes a wide range of dApps, including decentralized exchanges, gaming platforms, and NFT marketplaces, among others. This provides not only the users with a diverse range of options to choose from but also the developers with a supportive community to build upon.

Use Cases for Polygon Blockchain

Use Cases for Polygon Blockchain

The use cases for Polygon blockchain are diverse and ever-expanding, which makes it an attractive option for developers and users seeking a scalable, low-cost, and versatile blockchain platform for their decentralized applications.

Some of the key use cases for Polygon blockchain include the following:

  • Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs) – The Polygon network facilitates efficient trading of cryptocurrencies and digital assets by offering a fast and cost-effective platform for decentralized exchanges (DEXs). Notably, DEXs like QuickSwap, SushiSwap, and Curve have already been deployed on the Polygon network.
  • Gaming Platforms – Polygon offers a scalable platform for gaming dApps to enable fast and low-cost transactions for in-game items and assets. Several gaming platforms have already launched on the Polygon network, such as Aavegotchi and Decentraland.
  • Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) – The Polygon network offers an affordable solution for NFT marketplaces that necessitate multiple transactions to mint and trade NFTs. OpenSea and Rarible are among the NFT marketplaces that have already been launched on the Polygon network.
  • Decentralized Finance (DeFi) – Polygon offers a scalable platform for DeFi dApps to enable fast and low-cost transactions for lending, borrowing, and trading cryptocurrencies. Several DeFi protocols and platforms, such as Aave, Curve, and the PolyDefi aggregator platform, have already launched on the Polygon network.
  • Supply Chain Management – Polygon provides a secure and efficient platform for supply chain management dApps to enable the real-time tracking of goods and the efficient transfer of ownership.

Polygon’s Scalability Compared to Other Blockchains

A modified version of Plasma and the PoS consensus mechanism enable Polygon to scale. It allows the platform to execute more transactions more quickly and cheaply. For dApps that demand high transaction volumes, Polygon is a fantastic choice.

Polygon has a much higher transaction per second (TPS) capacity than Ethereum, the platform it is based on. While Polygon’s TPS can reach 7,000, Ethereum’s TPS is between 15 and 45. Because Polygon runs on top of Ethereum as a layer 2 scaling solution, this is the case. In addition to security, decentralization, and interoperability, it’s crucial to keep in mind while selecting a blockchain platform that there are other aspects to take into account, as well. However, Polygon’s scalability is a huge feature that makes it an appealing choice for many Polygon dApps that require quick and reasonably priced transactions.

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Projects Built on Polygon Blockchain

Projects Built on Polygon Blockchain

The Polygon blockchain has become the platform of choice for an increasing number of projects because of its many benefits. Some notable instances include the following:

  • Aavegotchi – The Aavegotchi game, powered by DeFi and based on the Polygon network, integrates DeFi, gaming, and collections.
  • QuickSwap – On the Polygon network, QuickSwap is a DEX that offers quick and affordable token trading.
  • ChainGuardians – This blockchain-based role-playing game (RPG) makes use of NFTs and connects with a number of DeFi protocols.

Future of Polygon Blockchain

The adoption of Polygon by programmers and consumers, as well as its exploration of new development areas like DeFi and NFTs, bode well for the future of the language. The end of dApps is one in which Polygon is well-positioned to play a significant role. It is a desirable alternative for users and developers who wish to create and use dApps due to its quick and economical transactions.

Polygon, the blockchain platform, addresses Ethereum’s scaling issues by providing faster and more cost-effective transactions while maintaining Ethereum’s security and decentralization. Polygon’s ecosystem encompasses diverse dApps, such as DEXs, NFT markets, and gaming platforms. As users and developers increasingly embrace Polygon, numerous Ethereum-based dApps have already made the transition to this platform.

Furthermore, Polygon is actively exploring new avenues of development, encompassing NFTs and DeFis. The Polygon network’s DeFi aggregator platform, named PolyDefi, empowers users to engage with multiple DeFi protocols through a unified interface. The website has garnered significant user attention, and the forthcoming introduction of further DeFi projects is eagerly awaited. Various NFT marketplaces and media platforms have also joined the network, leveraging Polygon’s swift transaction speeds and minimal transaction fees.


The Polygon blockchain has emerged as a potent remedy to the issues that Ethereum and other blockchain networks are currently dealing with. Polygon provides users and developers with an effective platform for a variety of applications because of its scalable, secure, and interoperable design. It is impossible to overstate Polygon’s influence on the direction of decentralized technology as the blockchain ecosystem develops.

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About the Author

Senior Reserch Analyst - Cloud Computing

Arpit has years of experience working with top-tier tech companies and has developed a plethora of knowledge in Data Analysis and Machine Learning. He currently holds the position of Senior Research Analyst in Cloud Computing. His passion for writing extends beyond the technical world, crafting profound narratives that bridge the gap between complex concepts and accessible understanding.