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What is Python?

Python is a high-level, general-purpose programming language with an elegant syntax that allows programmers to focus more on problem-solving rather than syntax errors. One of the primary goals of Python’s Developers is keeping it fun to use. Python has become a big buzz in the field of modern Software Development, Infrastructure Management and especially in Data Science and Artificial Intelligence. Most recently Python has risen to the top 3 list of TIOBE index of language popularity.


Python is becoming increasingly ubiquitous, but you must be wondering why python has become such a hot topic in the developer’s world. In this tutorial, we will understand all the reasons for why Python has gained so much fame but before we go further, let me give you a quick rundown of all the Python Basics topics, which we are going to cover in this module, in case you want to jump to a specific section:

Why choose Python over any other language?
Features of Python
Characteristics of Python programming
Applications of Python

Watch this What is Python video

Without further ado, let’s get started.

Why choose python over any other language?

Popularity over the years (2004-2017): (source: Google Trends)

When compared to any other high-level programming languages such as C++ and Java, it requires the programmer to develop lesser codes. Python is designed to be simple, easy to read and write.
Python can be utilized for a wide range of applications such as scripting, developing and testing. Because of its elegance and simplicity, Dropbox, Google, Quora, Hewlett-Packard, and so many top tech-companies have already implemented Python.
With the growing trend of Data Science and Machine Learning, Python has equally become one of the most important scripting languages in the 21st century, because of its wide range of libraries and framework. Read and learn other topics on our online Python Tutorial.

Features of Python:

Some of the common features of Python programming language are:

• It is simple to use
• It is Free and open source
• It has elegant syntax and readability
• It has large library
• It is cross-platform
• Python codes are interpreted line by line at a time by a use of interpreter
• It is a object-oriented
• It can be integrated with other programming languages like C, C+, Java and many more. This will also teach you the most of your programming concepts.

Characteristics of Python programming

Some of the characteristics of Python programming which makes it a popular language are:

  • Python provides a huge collection of rich data types.
  • Python syntax is easily readable.
  • Python is a platform-independent scripted language which comes with the features to have complete access to operating system API’s.
  • When we compared python to other programming languages, python provides more run-time flexibility.
  • The basic text manipulation facilities of Awk and Perl is also included in Python.
  • There is a module in Python where we can have more than one classes and free functions.
  • The Libraries available in Pythons are cross-platform compatible, which can run on any platform windows, Linux, MacOS.
  • Python can be easily compiled to byte-code, that’s the reason it is most suitable for building large applications.
  • Python also provides features to supports functional and structured programming as well as OOP concepts.
  • Python supports interactive mode which allows interacting Test and debugs for snippets of code.
  • In Python, there is no editing, debugging testing and compilation step, so it is very fast.

Applications of Python

Python can be used to develop variety of applications like
Web Applications
• Creating software Prototypes
Scientific and Numeric Computing
network programming
Games and 3D applications
Good Language to Teach Programming
• Python is used by many companies to teach programming to freshers and newbies

Check out how Intellipaat is helping people to get Python training in easiest way. If done with all the tutorials, check out the list of Python interview questions prepared by the experts, which will help to crack any Python interview.

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